Winston Churchill (novelist)
Winston Churchill in 1908
|Born||November 10, 1871|
St. Louis, Missouri
|Died||March 12, 1947 (aged 75)|
Winter Park, Florida
Mabel Harlakenden Hall
(m. 1895; her death 1945)
Winston Churchill (November 10, 1871 – March 12, 1947) was an American best-selling novelist of the early 20th century.
He is nowadays overshadowed, even as a writer, by the more famous British statesman of the same name, to whom he was not related.
Churchill was born in St. Louis, Missouri, the son of Edward Spalding Churchill by his marriage to Emma Bell Blaine. He attended Smith Academy in Missouri and the United States Naval Academy, where he graduated in 1894. At the Naval Academy, he was conspicuous in scholarship and also in general student activities. He became an expert fencer and he organized at Annapolis the first eight-oared crew, which he captained for two years. After graduation he became an editor of the Army and Navy Journal. He resigned from the navy to pursue a writing career. In 1895, he became managing editor of the Cosmopolitan Magazine, but in less than a year he retired from that, to have more time for writing. While he would be most successful as a novelist, he was also a published poet and essayist.
His first novel to appear in book form was The Celebrity (1898). However, Mr. Keegan's Elopement had been published in 1896 as a magazine serial and was republished as an illustrated hardback book in 1903. Churchill's next novel—Richard Carvel (1899)—was a phenomenal success, selling some two million copies in a nation of only 76 million people, and made him rich. His next two novels, The Crisis (1901) and The Crossing (1904), were also very successful.
Churchill's early novels were historical, but his later works were set in contemporary America. He often sought to include his political ideas into his novels.
In 1898, a mansion designed by Charles Platt was built for Churchill in Cornish, New Hampshire. In 1899, Churchill moved there and named it Harlakenden House. He became involved in the Cornish Art Colony and went into politics, being elected to the state legislature in 1903 and 1905. In 1906 he unsuccessfully sought the Republican nomination for governor of New Hampshire. In 1912, he was nominated as the Progressive candidate for governor but did not win the election and did not seek public office again. In 1917, he toured the battlefields of World War I and wrote about what he saw, his first non-fiction work.
Sometime after this move, he took up painting in watercolors and became known for his landscapes. Some of his works are in the collections of the Hood Museum of Art (part of Hopkins Center for the Arts at Dartmouth College) in Hanover, New Hampshire, and the Saint-Gaudens National Historic Site in Cornish, New Hampshire.
Churchill's books sold well, according to Alice Hackett's 70 Years of Best Sellers, for example, Richard Carvel was third (1899) and eighth (1900), The Crisis (1901), The Crossing (1904), Coniston (1906) and Mr. Crewe's Career (1908), The Inside of the Cup (1913) all first, in the American fiction best seller rankings.
In 1919, Churchill decided to stop writing and withdrew from public life. As a result of this he was gradually forgotten by the public. In 1940, The Uncharted Way, his first book in twenty years, was published. The book examined Churchill's thoughts on religion. He did not seek to publicize the book and it received little attention. Shortly before his death he said, "It is very difficult now for me to think of myself as a writer of novels, as all that seems to belong to another life."
Churchill died in Winter Park, Florida in 1947 of a heart attack. He was predeceased in 1945 by his wife of fifty years, the former Mabel Harlakenden Hall. They had three children, including their son Creighton Churchill, a well-known writer on wines. His great-grandson is the Albany, New York, journalist Chris Churchill.
The British statesman
In the 1890s, Churchill's writings first came to be confused with those of the British writer with the same name. At that time, the American was the much better known of the two, and it was the Englishman who wrote to his American counterpart about the confusion their names were causing among their readers.
They agreed that the British Churchill should adopt the pen name "Winston Spencer Churchill", using his full surname, "Spencer-Churchill". After a few early editions this was abbreviated to "Winston S. Churchill"—which remained the British Churchill's pen name. The two men arranged to meet on two occasions when one of them happened to be in the other's country, but were never closely acquainted. 
Their lives had some other coincidental parallels. They both gained their tertiary education at service colleges and briefly served (during the same period) as officers in their respective countries' armed forces (one was a naval, the other an army officer). Both Churchills were keen amateur painters, as well as writers. Both were also politicians; although here the comparison is far more tenuous: the British Churchill's political career being far more illustrious.
- Mr. Keegan's Elopement in magazine format (1896)
- The Celebrity (1898)
- Richard Carvel (1899)
- The Crisis (1901)
- Mr. Keegan's Elopement in hardback (1903)
- The Crossing (1904)
- Coniston (1906)
- Mr. Crewe's Career (1908)
- A Modern Chronicle (1910)
- The Inside of the Cup (1913)
- A Far Country (1915)
- The Dwelling-Place of Light (1917)
- Richard Carvel; Play produced on Broadway, (1900–1901)
- The Crisis; Play produced on Broadway, (1902)
- The Crossing; Play produced on Broadway, (1906)
- The Title Mart; Play produced on Broadway, (1906)
- A Traveller In War-Time (1918)
- Dr. Jonathan; A play in three acts (1919)
- The Uncharted Way (1940)
- The Crisis (dir. Colin Campbell, 1916)
- The Dwelling Place of Light (dir. Jack Conway, 1920)
- The Inside of the Cup (dir. Albert Capellani, 1921)
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1922). Encyclopædia Britannica (12th ed.). London & New York. .
- "CHURCHILL, Winston". Who's Who. Vol. 59. 1907. p. 335.
- Alice Hackett's 70 Years of Best Sellers, pp 95-110
- (28 May 1945). MRS. WINSTON CHURCHILL; Wife of American Novelist Dies in New Hampshire, The New York Times
- (1 December 1984). Creighton Churchill Is Dead; Wine Writer and Consultant, The New York Times
- Couture, Michael (22 February 1972). Creighton Churchill: A wine taster par excellence, Boca Raton News
- Dockter, Warren (Oct 2011). "The Tale of Two Winstons". The Historian. 111: 10–13.
- The Age October 19, 1940, hosted on Google News. "Two Winston Churchills". Retrieved 25 October 2013.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
- My Early Life – 1874–1904, hosted on Google Books. Oldham. Retrieved 25 October 2013.
- Charles Child Walcutt, The Romantic Compromise in the Novels of Winston Churchill (1951)
- Warren Irving Titus, Winston Churchill (1963)
- Ernest Erwin Leisy, The American Historical Novel (1950)
- Grant C. Knight, The Strenuous Age in American Literature (1954)
- Joseph L. Blotner, The Political Novel (1955)
- Robert W. Schneider, Novelist to a Generation: The Life and Thought of Winston Churchill (1976)
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