The area of Nacogdoches County was settled by immigrants from the Old South in the 1830s and was known as Jacobs, then later called King's Store. In 1886 a post office was established and the community was named Woden after the Old English deity Woden. In the 1890s, Woden residents moved the community to a location closer to a nearby railroad which had bypassed them, and named their new town Oval. In 1895 this town, at the current location, was then renamed Woden. The chief economic activity until the 1930s was logging, which later declined. Agriculture is now responsible for notable business in the region. It was known as a sundown town.
Although Woden is unincorporated, it has a post office, with the ZIP code of 75978; the ZCTA for ZIP Code 75978 had a population of 137 at the 2000 census. Woden is home to a post office, a K-12 school, and a Baptist, Presbyterian, and United Pentecostal church, as well as a volunteer fire department.
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