Wolf Vostell

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Wolf Vostell
Wolf Vostell, 1980
Born (1932-10-14)14 October 1932
Leverkusen, Germany
Died 3 April 1998(1998-04-03) (aged 65)
Berlin, Germany
Nationality German
Education Kunstakademie Düsseldorf
Known for Painting Sculpture Installation art Video art Dé-collage
Movement Happening Fluxus

Wolf Vostell (14 October 1932 – 3 April 1998) was a German painter and sculptor and is considered one of the early adopters of Video art and Environment/Installation and pioneer of Happening and Fluxus. Techniques such as blurring and Dé-collage are characteristic of his work, as is embedding objects in concrete and the use of television sets in his works.


Wolf Vostell was born in Leverkusen, Germany, and put his artistic ideas into practice from 1950 onwards. In 1953, he began an apprenticeship as a lithographer and studied at the Academy of Applied Art in Wuppertal. Wolf Vostell created his first Dé-collage in 1954. In 1955-1956, he studied at the École Nationale Superieur des Beaux Arts in Paris and in 1957 he attended the Düsseldorf Academy of Arts. Wolf Vostell's philosophy was built around the idea that destruction is all around us and it runs through all of the twentieth century. He used the term Dé-coll/age, (in connection with a plane crash) in 1954 to refer to the process of tearing down posters, and for the use of mobile fragments of reality. Vostell’s working concept of décollage is as a visual force that breaks down outworn values and replaces them with thinking as a function distanced from media.

His first Happening, Theater is in the Street, took place in Paris in 1958, and incorporated auto parts and a TV.[1] In 1958, he took part in the first European Happening in Paris and he produced his first objects with television sets and car parts. He was impressed by the work of Karlheinz Stockhausen, which he encountered in 1964 in the electronic studios of the German radio station WDR, and in 1959 he created his electronic TV Dé-coll/age. It marked the beginning of his dedication to the Fluxus Movement, which he co-founded in the 1960s. Vostell was behind many Happenings in New York, Berlin, Cologne, Wuppertal and Ulm among others.[1] In 1962, he participated in the Festum Fluxorum, an international event in Wiesbaden together with Nam June Paik, George Maciunas. In 1963 Wolf Vostell became a pioneer of Video art and Installation with his work 6 TV Dé-coll/age shown at the Smolin Gallery in New York, and now in the collection of the Museo Reina Sofía in Madrid. The Smolin Gallery sponsored two innovative Wolf Vostell events on TV; the first, Wolf Vostell and Television Decollage, featured visitors to the gallery who were encouraged to create poster art on the walls.[2] In 1967 his Happening Miss Vietnam dealt with the subject of the Vietnam war. In 1968, he founded Labor e.V., a group that was to investigate acoustic and visual events, together with Mauricio Kagel, and others.

Wolf Vostell was the first artist in art history to integrate a television set into a work of art. This installation was created in 1958 under the title Cycle The black room is now part of the collection of the art museum Berlinische Galerie in Berlin. Early works with television sets are Transmigracion 1-3 from 1958 and Elektronischer Dé-coll/age Happening Raum,[3](Electronic Dé-coll/age Happening Room), an Installation, from 1968. In 1974, his first major retrospective took place in the ARC 2 at the Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, an expanded version of which was shown at the Neue Nationalgalerie, in 1974.

Wolf Vostell, Goethe Heute, 1967

Wolf Vostell’s automobile-concrete-sculptures made from cars and concrete are to be found in Cologne Ruhender Verkehr (Stationary traffic) from 1969, in Berlin Beton Cadillacs(Concrete Cadillacs) from 1987 as well as V.O.A.EX. (Viaje de Hormigón por la Alta Extremadura) from 1976 in the Museo Vostell Malpartida at Malpartida de Cáceres, Spain and Concrete Traffic from 1970 in Chicago.

Wolf Vostell also gained recognition for his drawings and objects, such as images of American B-52 bombers, published under the rubric "capitalist realism" and as a result of his inclusion of television sets with his paintings. Nam June Paik and Wolf Vostell were both participants in the Fluxus movement and the work of both artists involved a critique of the fetishization of television and the culture of consumption. The catalogue raisonné of his screen prints and posters has been published in the Nouvelles de l'estampe by Françoise Woimant and Anne Moeglin-Delcroix in 1982.[4]

In 1992, the town of Cologne honoured Wolf Vostell with a major retrospective of his work. His pieces were distributed over 6 exhibition venues: Stadtmuseum Köln, Kunsthalle Köln, Rheinisches Landesmuseum Bonn, Kunsthalle Mannheim, Schloss Morsbroich Leverkusen and Städtisches Museum Mülheim / Ruhr. Under the artistic direction of David Vostell, the documentary VOSTELL 60 - RÜCKBLICK 92, (VOSTELL 60 - REVIEW 92) was created.

Wolf Vostells grave is at the Cementerio Civil de la Almudena in Madrid.

Wolf Vostell Archive[edit]

At more or less the same time, he founded the Vostell Archive. With great fervour and strict consistency, Wolf Vostell collected photographs, artistic texts, private correspondence with colleagues such as Nam June Paik, Allan Kaprow, Dick Higgins and many others, as well as press cuttings, invitations to exhibitions and events or books and catalogues which document wolf Vostell's work and that of his contemporaries. His private library with more than 6,000 books has formed part of the Archive. Wolf Vostell’s extensive oeuvre is documented in photographic form and makes up part of the archive. About 25,000 documents from four decades make the Vostell Archive a treasure of art history. Since 2005 the archive has been housed in the Museo Vostell Malpartida and is available to art historians, journalists and authors.

Selected works[edit]

  • Korea,[5] 1953, Museum Fluxus+, Potsdam
  • Zyklus Guadalupe, 1958
  • Zyklus Das schwarze Zimmer/Cycle The black room“,[6] 1958, Installation with TV, Berlinische Galerie, Berlin
  • Transmigracion, I-III, 1958, Canvas with TV
Wolf Vostell, Elektronischer dé-coll/age Happening Raum, 1968
  • Das Theater ist auf der Straße, (The theater is on the street), 1958, Happening
  • Rue de Buci,[7] 1960, Dé-coll/age
  • Ihr Kandidat,[8] 1961, Dé-coll/age, Haus der Geschichte der Bundesrepublik Deutschland
  • Coca-Cola,[9] 1961, Dé-coll/age, Ludwig Museum, Köln
  • Cityrama, 1961, Happening
  • Wochenspiegel Beatles, 1961, Dé-coll/age, Saarlandmuseum
  • Marilyn Monroe,[10] 1962, Dé-coll/age
  • Zyklus Kleenex', 1962
  • „Marilyn Monroe Idolo“,[11] 1963, Dé-coll/age
  • 6 TV Dé-coll/age,[12] 1963, Installation, Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, Madrid
  • Sun in your head, 1963, Video
  • You, 1964, Installation
  • Goethe Heute, 1967, Sprengel Museum Hannover
Ruhender Verkehr / Stationary traffic, Cologne, 1969
  • Hommage an Henry Ford und Jaqueline Kennedy, 1967, Installation, Ludwig Museum
  • Elektronischer Dé-coll/age Happening Raum, 1968, Installation with TV, Neue Nationalgalerie, Berlin
  • Hours of fun, 1968, Dé-coll/age, Berlinische Galerie, Berlin
  • Miss America,[13] 1968, Ludwig Museum
  • Jetzt sind die Deutschen wieder Nr. 1 in Europa, 1968, Germanisches Nationalmuseum
  • B-52 - statt Bomben,[14] 1968
  • Ruhender Verkehr, 1969, Hohenzollernring, Köln
  • Concrete Traffic,[15] 1970, Chicago
  • Heuschrecken, 1970 [16] "Museum Moderner Kunst", MUMOK, Vienna
  • Auto-Fieber, 1973, Installation, Museo Vostell Malpartida
  • V.O.A.EX., 1976 [17]
  • Die Winde,[18] 1981
  • Die Steine,[19] 1981
  • Taxistand, 1983
Wolf Vostell, Heuschrecken, 1970
  • Mythos-Berlin, 1987, Museo Vostell Malpartida
  • 2 Betoncadillacs in Form der nackten Maja, 1987, Rathenauplatz, Berlin
  • La Tortuga, 1988, Marl
  • Schule von Athen, 1988, LVR-LandesMuseum, Bonn
  • Tauromaquia mit BMW-Teil, 1988
  • Zyklus Der Fall der Berliner Mauer, 1989
  • 9.November 1989, 1989
  • Berlin, 1990
  • Le Choc, 1990 [20]
  • Auto-TV-Hochzeit,[21] 1991, Zentrum für Kunst und Medientechnologie, Karlsruhe
  • Zyklus Weinende, Hommage an Anne Frank, 1992
  • Arc de Triomphe N°1, 1993
  • A-Z, 1995, Museo Extremeño e Iberoamericano de Arte Contemporáneo, Badajoz
  • Jesus-TV, 1996
  • Shoah, 1997
  • Ritz, 1998
Wolf Vostell, V.O.A.EX., 1976, Museo Vostell Malpartida.

Selected exhibitions[edit]

  • 1966: Bilder, Verwischungen, Happening-Notationen 1961-1966, Kölnischer Kunstverein, Köln.
  • 1970: happening & fluxus, Kölnischer Kunstverein, Köln.
  • 1974: Retrospektive, Neue Nationalgalerie, Berlin.
  • 1974: Retrospektive, Musée d’Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris.
  • 1977: documenta 6, Kassel.
  • 1978: Bilder 1959–1974, Museo de Arte Contemporaneo, Madrid.
  • 1980: Bilder 1959–1979, Kunstverein Braunschweig.
  • 1980: Fluxus-Zug in Nordrhein-Westfalen.
  • 1982: Die gesamte Druckgrafik, Bibliothèque National de France, Paris.
  • 1992: Retrospektive, Rheinisches Landesmuseum Bonn, Josef-Haubrich-Kunsthalle, Köln, Kölnisches Stadtmuseum, Museum Morsbroich Leverkusen, Städtische Kunsthalle Mannheim.
  • 2006: Die gesamte Druckgrafik, Kunsthalle Bremen.
  • 2007: Wolf Vostell My art is the eternal resistance to death, Rheinisches Landesmuseum, Bonn.
  • 2008: Wolf Vostell My art is the eternal resistance to death, Carré d´Art-Musée d´Art Contemporain de Nîmes.
  • 2010: Das Theater ist auf der Straße, Die Happenings von Wolf Vostell. Museum Morsbroich, Leverkusen.
  • 2010: Wolf Vostell Artista Europeo, Fondazione Mudima, Milano.
Wolf Vostell, Zyklus Weinende, Hommage an Anne Frank, 1992


  • „Art is Life, Life is Art.“ 1961 [22]
  • „I declare peace as the greatest work of art.“ 1979
  • „Every human being is a work of art.“ 1985


  • 1982: Premio Pablo Igesias, Madrid
  • 1990: Medaille de Paris
  • 1996: Berliner Bär (B.Z.-Kulturpreis), Berlin
  • 1997: Hannah Höch Preis, Berlin
  • 1998: Medalla de Extremadura, Spain
  • 1998: Ehrenbürger von Malpartida de Caceres, Spain
  • 2001: Wolf Vostell Strasse, Leverkusen
  • 2014: Internationaler Menschenrechtspreis, Dr. Rainer Hildebrandt-Medaille, Berlin


  • TPL, François Dufrêne, Alain Jouffroy, Wolf Vostell, Verlag Der Kalender, Wuppertal 1961.
  • Hrsg.: Jürgen Becker und Wolf Vostell: Happenings, Fluxus, Pop Art, Nouveau Réalisme. Eine Dokumentation. Rowohlt Verlag, Reinbek 1965.
  • Wolf Vostell. Ziehung der Lottozahlen, Tagesschau und Wetterkarte, Das Wort zum Sonntag. edition et, et 14, 1966.
  • Vostell. Bilder, Verwischungen, Happening-Notationen 1961-1966. Kölnischer Kunstverein, 1966.
  • Rainer K. Wick: Vostell Soziologisch. Bonn 1969.
  • Wolf Vostell. Dé-coll/agen, Verwischungen 1954-1969. Edition 17, Galerie René Block Berlin 1969.
  • Wolf Vostell. Aktionen, Happenings und Demonstrationen seit 1965, Rowohlt Verlag, Reinbek 1970, ISBN 3-498-07053-3.
  • Wolf Vostell. Happening und Leben. Luchterhand Verlag 1970.
  • Wolf Vostell. Elektronisch. Neue Galerie im Alten Kurhaus, Aachen 1970.
  • Vostell. Environments / Happenings 1958-1974, Arc2, Musée d'art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, Paris, 1975.
  • Vostell. Retrospektive 1958–1974. Neue Nationalgalerie Berlin, Staatliche Museen Preußischer Kulturbesitz, Berlin 1974.
Wolf Vostell - Signature
  • Wolf Vostell, Museum am Ostwall, Dortmund, Kestner-Gesellschaft, Hannover, Centro Miró, Barcelona, 1977.
  • Vostell. Fluxus-Zug. Das mobile Museum. 7 Environments über Liebe Tod Arbeit, Berlin, 1981.
  • Vostell. Das plastische Werk 1953-87, Mult(H)ipla, Milano, 1987.
  • Vostell., Galerie Lavignes-Bastille, Paris, 1990, ISBN 2-908783-00-2
  • Vostell. Retrospektive, Rolf Wedewer, Bonn; Köln; Leverkusen; Mülheim an der Ruhr, 1992, ISBN 3-925520-44-9
  • Vostell - Extremadura, Asamblea de Extremadura, 1992, ISBN 84-87622-07-0
  • Wolf Vostell. Leben = Kunst = Leben, Kunstgalerie Gera, E.A. Seemann, 1993, ISBN 3-363-00605-5
  • Wolf Vostell in nordrheinwestfälischen Sammlungen. Kulturabteilung Bayer AG, Leverkusen, 1997.
  • Wolf Vostell. Automobile, Pablo J. Rico. Wasmuth Verlag, 1999, ISBN 3-8030-3093-5
  • Vostell – I disastri della pace/The Disasters of Peace, Varlerio Dehò, Edizioni Charta, Milano, 1999, ISBN 88-8158-253-8
  • Wolf Vostell. The Fall of the Berlin Wall. Museo Vostell Malpartida, 2000, ISBN 84-7671-583-8
  • 10 Happenings de Wolf Vostell, José Antonio Agúndez García, Editora Regional de Extremadura, 2001, ISBN 84-7671-510-2
  • Wolf Vostell, Maria del Mar Lozano Bartolozzi, Editorial Nerea, Serie Arte Hoy, 2005, ISBN 9788489569386
  • Wolf Vostell – Die Druckgrafik. Dr. Wolfgang Vomm, Prof. Dr. Wulf Herzogenrath u. José Antonio Agúndez García, Städtische Galerie Villa Zanders in Zusammenarbeit mit dem Galerie + Schloßverein e.V. Bergisch Gladbach 2006, ISBN 3-9810401-0-4
  • sediment: Wolf Vostell. auf Straßen und Plätzen durch die Galerien Mitteilungen zur Geschichte des Kunsthandels, Heft 14/2007. Zentralarchiv des internationalen Kunsthandels, Verlag für moderne Kunst, Nürnberg, ISBN 978-3-939738-61-9
  • Wolf Vostell. Meine Kunst ist der ewige Widerstand gegen den Tod. LVR-Landes Museum Bonn, 2007. ISBN 978-3-9811834-0-5
  • Das Theater ist auf der Straße, Die Happenings von Wolf Vostell. Museum Morsbroich Leverkusen. Kerber Verlag, 2010, ISBN 978-3-86678-431-4
  • Wolf Vostell, Der Künstler ist anwesend. Stadtgalerie Mannheim 2012, ISBN 978-3-944128-37-5
  • Wolf Vostell. Artista Europeo, Mudima Edizioni, Milano, 2010, ISBN 9788896817049
  • Mercedes Vostell: Vostell – ein Leben lang. Siebenhaar Verlag, Berlin 2012, ISBN 978-3-936962-88-8.
  • Klaus Gereon Beuckers: Dé-coll/age und Happening. Studien zum Werk von Wolf Vostell. Ludwig, Kiel 2012, ISBN 978-3-86935-145-2.[23]
  • Klaus Gereon Beuckers, Hans-Edwin Friedrich und Sven Hanuschek: dé-coll/age als Manifest, Manifest als dé-coll/age. Manifeste, Aktionsvorträge und Essays von Wolf Vostell, neoAvantgarden, Bd. 3, edition text + kritik: München 2014, ISBN 978-3-86916-260-7.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Ian Chilvers & John Glaves-Smith, A Dictionary of Modern and Contemporary Art. Oxford University Press, p. 742
  2. ^ Salter, Chris (2010). Entangled: Technology and the Transformation of Performance. MIT Press. p. 122. ISBN 978-0-262-19588-1. 
  3. ^ Electronic Dé-coll/age Happening Room, 1968
  4. ^ Nouvelles de l'estampe, 1982, n°63, p. 17-24.
  5. ^ [1] Selection of works - Wolf Vostell the 1950s
  6. ^ Cycle The black room, 1958 Installation with TV
  7. ^ Wolf Vostell Rue de Buci 1960 Dé-coll/age
  8. ^ Ihr Kandidat 1961, Dé-coll/age
  9. ^ [2] Selection of works - Wolf Vostell the 1960s
  10. ^ Wolf Vostell, Marilyn Monroe, 1962, Dé-coll/age, Walker Art Center
  11. ^ Wolf Vostell, Marilyn Monroe, 1963, Dé-coll/age
  12. ^ 6 TV De-coll/age, 1963
  13. ^ Wolf Vostell Miss Amerika 1968, Museum Ludwig
  14. ^ B-52-statt Bomben//B-52 Instead of Bombs, 1968
  15. ^ [3] Selection of works - Wolf Vostell the 1970s
  16. ^ Wolf Vostell, Heuschrecken, 1970
  17. ^ „VOAEX“, 1976 Museo Vostell Malpartida
  18. ^ Wolf Vostell, Die Winde/The Winds, 1981
  19. ^ [4] Selection of works - Wolf Vostell the 1980s
  20. ^ [5] Selection of works - Wolf Vostell the 1990s
  21. ^ Wolf Vostell Zentrum für Kunst und Medientechnologie
  22. ^ Wolf Vostell. Leben = Kunst = Leben, Kunstgalerie Gera, E.A. Seemann, 1993, ISBN 3-363-00605-5
  23. ^ Wolf Vostell – Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel

External links[edit]