Wonsan Station

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Wŏnsan
원산
Korean name
Hangul 원산역
Hanja
Revised Romanization Wonsan-yeok
McCune–Reischauer Wŏnsan-yŏk
General information
Location Yangji-dong,
Wŏnsan-si,
Kangwŏn
North Korea
Coordinates 39°9′44″N 127°24′45″E / 39.16222°N 127.41250°E / 39.16222; 127.41250Coordinates: 39°9′44″N 127°24′45″E / 39.16222°N 127.41250°E / 39.16222; 127.41250
Owned by Korean State Railway
History
Opened 16 August 1914
Electrified yes
Services
Preceding station   Korean State Railway   Following station
toward Kowŏn
Kangwŏn Line
toward P'yŏnggang
toward Segil
Songdowŏn Branch Terminus

Wŏnsan Station (Chosŏn'gŭl원산역) is railway station located in Yangji-dong, Wŏnsan city, Kangwŏn province, North Korea. It is on the Kangwŏn Line of the Korean State Railway, and is the starting point of the Songdowŏn Branch to Segil.[1] Locomotive and freight car maintenance facilities are located here.[2]

History[edit]

The first station in Wŏnsan, along with the rest of the former Kyŏngwŏn Line from Seoul to Wŏnsan, was opened on 16 August 1914, although the section between Wŏnsan and Ryongjiwŏn was completed as early as 21 August 1913.[3] A line from Wŏnsan north to Kowŏn and Kŭmya was built as part of the former Hamgyong Line;[4] the Wŏnsan-Kowŏn section was completed in two parts: Wŏnsan-Okp'yŏng on 1 August 1915, and Okp'yŏng-Kowŏn-Kŭmya on 21 July 1916. The Wŏnsan-Kowŏn section is now part of the Kangwŏn Line, while the Kowŏn-Kŭmya section is now part of the P'yŏngra Line.[5]

The original station was a western-style brick structure built in central Wŏnsan. Destroyed during the Korean War, it was replaced by a new station in the Yangji-dong neighbourhood on the outskirts of the city; the new station handles only passenger trains, with the freight destined for the city being handled at Kalma station in the industrial Kalma-dong neighbourhood 4.1 km southeast of Wŏnsan station.[2]

The original station was rebuilt in 1975 to house the Wŏnsan Revolutionary Museum, as Kim Il-sung boarded a train here upon his return to Korea after the end of the Second World War.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kokubu, Hayato, 将軍様の鉄道 (Shōgun-sama no Tetsudō), ISBN 978-4-10-303731-6
  2. ^ a b The traffic and geography in North Korea: Kangwŏn Line (in Korean)
  3. ^ "경영원칙 > 경영공시 > 영업현황 > 영업거리현황". Korail. Retrieved 2015-09-17. 
  4. ^ 朝鮮総督府官報 (The Public Journal of the Governor-General of Korea), Shōwa No. 669, 28 March 1929 (in Japanese)
  5. ^ Japanese Government Railways, 鉄道停車場一覧 昭和12年10月1日現在(The List of the Stations as of 1 October 1937), Kawaguchi Printing Company, Tokyo, 1937, pp 498–501, 504–505 (in Japanese)