Wrotham shown within Kent
|OS grid reference|
|District||Tonbridge & Malling|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Dialling code||01732 88|
|Ambulance||South East Coast|
|EU Parliament||South East England|
|UK Parliament||Tonbridge and Malling|
Wrotham (pronounced //) is a village on the Pilgrims' Way in Kent, at the foot of the North Downs. It is one mile north of Borough Green and approximately five miles east of Sevenoaks. It is between the M20 and M26 motorways.
The name first occurs as Uurotaham in the year 788, meaning 'homestead of a man called Wrōta.'
The village has a central concentration of pubs, three within a hundred yards of each other: the Rose and Crown, the George and Dragon and the Bull Hotel. A fourth, the Three Postboys, ceased trading in 2009.
Wrotham Hill to the north was a main measuring point for the eighteenth-century trigonometric survey linking the Greenwich Royal Observatory with the Paris Observatory. This Anglo-French Survey (1784–1790) was led by General William Roy.
Wrotham shows extensive signs of occupation by the Romans and it is posited that the Wrotham Pinot, a disease-resistant variety of the Pinot noir grape found in Wrotham churchyard, is descended from vines brought by the Romans.
Wrotham is in the parliamentary constituency of Tonbridge and Malling. Since the constituency's creation in 1974, its Member of Parliament has been Sir John Stanley of the Conservative Party. The village is within the local government district of Tonbridge and Malling, and comprises the local government ward of Wrotham. This ward has 1 of the 53 seats on the Tonbridge & Malling District Borough Council. The seat is held by the Conservative Martin Coffin, having been re-elected in 2011. Tonbridge & Malling District Borough Council is responsible for running local services, such as recreation, refuse collection and council housing; while Kent County Council is responsible for education, social services and trading standards. Both councils are involved in town planning and road maintenance.
A 2008 report showed that Wrotham has experienced one of the greatest deteriorations of basic services, losing the most amenities in the previous four years.
|Wrotham||Tonbridge & Malling district||England|
|Source: 2001 UK census|
At the 2001 UK census, the Wrotham ward had a population of 1,815. The village had 759 households; of which, 42% were married couples, 29% were individuals, 9% were cohabiting couples, and 6% were lone parent families. 20% of households had someone at pensionable age living alone.
The ethnicity of the village was given as 99.2% white, 0.66% mixed race, and 0.16% Black. The place of birth of the town's residents was 95.9% United Kingdom (92.0% England), 0.4% Republic of Ireland, 0.8% other Western Europe, 0.4% Eastern Europe, 1.0% Africa, 0.8% Asia, 0.4% North America and 0.3% elsewhere.
Religion was recorded as 74.81% Christian, 0.44% Jewish, 0.22% Buddhist, 0.17% Muslim and 0.17% Sikh. 15.46% were recorded as having no religion, 0.33% had an alternative religion, and 8.42% did not state their religion.
At the 2001 UK census, 39.5% of the village's residents aged 16–74 were employed full-time, 12.9% employed part-time, 14.1% self-employed and 1.6% unemployed, while 1.9% were students with jobs, 3.4% students without jobs, 14.3% retired, 8.0% looking after home or family, 2.5% permanently sick or disabled and 1.9% economically inactive for other reasons. Compared to national figures, the village had a low rate of unemployment, and a high proportion of self-employed workers.
Employment by industry was 16% retail; 14% real estate; 13% manufacturing; 10% construction; 8% health and social work; 8% education; 7% transport and communications; 5% finance; 5% hotels and restaurants; 3% public administration; 3% agriculture; 1% energy and water supply; and 6% other. Compared to national figures, Wrotham had a high percentage of workers in agriculture; energy and water supply; hotels and restaurants; and construction. It had a low percentage in health and social work; and public administration.
The village has a variety of small businesses serving the needs of the community.
- A.D. Mills, Oxford Dictionary of English Place-Names (Oxford University Press, 1998; ISBN 0192800744), p. 394.
- "Rt Hon Sir John Stanley MP". Conservatives.com. Retrieved 2007-11-23.
- "Election Maps". Ordnance Survey. Archived from the original on 2007-11-13. Retrieved 2007-11-23.
- "Member and Committee Information". Tonbridge & Malling District Borough Council. Retrieved 2014-06-12.
- "Council Services". Tonbridge & Malling District Borough Council. Retrieved 2007-11-25.
- "Rural decline: Case study". London: Daily Telegraph. 2008-04-14. Retrieved 2008-04-16.
- "Wrotham (Ward)". Statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved 2007-11-23.
- "Peaches Geldof dies aged 25". BBC News. 7 April 2014. Retrieved 7 April 2014.
Media related to Wrotham at Wikimedia Commons