Tonbridge and Malling (UK Parliament constituency)

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Tonbridge and Malling
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Tonbridge and Malling in Kent.
Outline map
Location of Kent within England.
County Kent
Electorate 72,671 (2015)[1]
Major settlements Tonbridge, Edenbridge and West Malling
Current constituency
Created 1974 (1974)
Member of parliament Thomas Tugendhat (Conservative)
Number of members One
Created from Sevenoaks, Tonbridge
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency South East England

Tonbridge and Malling is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2015 by Thomas Tugendhat, a Conservative.[n 2]

History[edit]

The seat was created in 1974 from parts of the seats of Sevenoaks and Tonbridge.

Boundaries[edit]

1974-1983: The Urban District of Tonbridge, the Rural District of Malling, and part of the Rural District of Tonbridge.

1983-1997: The District of Tonbridge and Malling.

1997-2010: The Borough of Tonbridge and Malling wards of Birling, Leybourne and Ryarsh, Borough Green, Cage Green, Castle, East Malling, East Peckham, Hadlow, Higham, Hildenborough, Ightham, Judd, Long Mill, Medway, Oast, Trench, Vauxhall, Wateringbury, West Malling, West Peckham and Mereworth, and Wrotham, and the District of Sevenoaks wards of Edenbridge North, Edenbridge South, Leigh, Penshurst and Fordcombe, and Somerden.

2010-present: The Borough of Tonbridge and Malling wards of Borough Green and Long Mill, Cage Green, Castle, Downs, East Malling, East Peckham and Golden Green, Hadlow, Mereworth and West Peckham, Higham, Hildenborough, Ightham, Judd, Kings Hill, Medway, Trench, Vauxhall, Wateringbury, West Malling and Leybourne, and Wrotham, and the District of Sevenoaks wards of Cowden and Hever, Edenbridge North and East, Edenbridge South and West, Leigh and Chiddingstone Causeway, and Penshurst, Fordcombe and Chiddingstone.

The constituency is in the west of the county of Kent in south eastern England and includes about two-thirds of the Borough of Tonbridge and Malling (the remainder being in the Chatham and Aylesford constituency),and parts of Sevenoaks District.

Constituency profile[edit]

This safe Conservative seat is characterised by a large commuter population although significant light engineering, farming and local service industry sectors are represented alongside the public sector, skilled trades and some construction.[2] It has good road and rail links with London. Visitor attractions in the constituency include the River Medway, the Eden Valley Walk which covers Edenbridge and Penshurst, including Hever Castle, Chiddingstone Castle, Penshurst Place and Tonbridge Castle. In this seat are numerous oast houses and remaining Wealden woodlands.

Workless claimants, registered jobseekers, were in November 2012 significantly lower than the national average of 3.8%, at 2.0% of the population based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian.[3]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[4] Party
1974 Sir John Stanley Conservative
2015 Thomas Tugendhat Conservative

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2015: Tonbridge and Malling[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Thomas Tugendhat[6] 31,887 59.4 +1.5
UKIP Robert Izzard[7] 8,153 15.2 +11.5
Labour Claire Leigh[8] 7,604 14.2 +1.6
Liberal Democrat Mary Varrall[9] 3,660 6.8 −15.7
Green Howard Porter 2,366 4.4 +2.9
Majority 23,734 44.2
Turnout 53,670 73.8 +2.3
Conservative hold Swing -6.5
General Election 2010: Tonbridge and Malling[10][11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Paul Stanley 29,723 57.9 +5.1
Liberal Democrat Elizabeth Simpson 11,545 22.5 +3.0
Labour Daniel Griffiths 6,476 12.6 −11.2
UKIP David Waller 1,911 3.7 −0.2
Green Steve Dawe 764 1.5 N/A
National Front Michael David Stephen Easter 505 1.0 N/A
English Democrats Lisa Rogers 390 0.8 N/A
Majority 18,178 35.4
Turnout 51,314 71.5 +3.1
Conservative hold Swing +1.1

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Tonbridge and Malling[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Paul Stanley 24,357 52.9 +3.5
Labour Victoria Hayman 11,005 23.9 −6.0
Liberal Democrat John Barstow 8,980 19.5 +1.6
UKIP Dave Waller 1,721 3.7 +0.9
Majority 13,352 29.0
Turnout 46,063 67.3 +3.0
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 2001: Tonbridge and Malling[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Paul Stanley 20,956 49.4 +1.4
Labour Mrs. Victoria Hayman 12,706 29.9 +2.7
Liberal Democrat Mrs. Jean Merilyn Canet 7,605 17.9 −1.3
UKIP Mrs. Lynne Mary Florence Croucher 1,169 2.8 +1.7
Majority 8,250 19.5
Turnout 42,436 64.3 −11.4
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Tonbridge and Malling[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Paul Stanley 23,640 48.0 −9.2
Labour Barbara Withstandley 13,410 27.2 +9.1
Liberal Democrat Keith Brown 9,467 19.2 −4.3
Referendum John Scrivenor 2,005 4.1 N/A
UKIP B. Bullen 502 1.0 N/A
Natural Law Gerard Valente 205 0.4 +0.1
Majority 10,230 20.8
Turnout 49,229 75.8
Conservative hold Swing −9.2
General Election 1992: Tonbridge and Malling[15][16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Paul Stanley 36,542 57.2 +0.3
Liberal Democrat Paul D. Roberts 14,984 23.5 −6.0
Labour Mrs Margaret A. O'Neill 11,533 18.1 +5.0
Green Jim Tidy 612 1.0 N/A
Natural Law Mrs Janet I.R. Horvath 221 0.3 N/A
Majority 21,558 33.7 +6.2
Turnout 63,892 82.7 +4.9
Conservative hold Swing +3.1

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987:Tonbridge and Malling[17][18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Paul Stanley 33,990 56.9 +0.8
Social Democratic Michael John Ward 17,561 29.4 −1.8
Labour Derek Gordon Still 7,803 13.1 +0.4
BNP Michael David Stephen Easter 369 0.6 N/A
Majority 16,429 27.5
Turnout 59,725 77.8
Conservative hold Swing +1.3
General Election 1983:Tonbridge and Malling[19][20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Paul Stanley 30,417 56.1 +1.6
Social Democratic R. Freeman 16,897 31.2 +11.1
Labour D.J. Bishop 6,896 12.7 −11.8
Majority 13,520 24.9
Turnout 54,210 74.7 −4.8
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979:Tonbridge and Malling[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Paul Stanley 29,534 54.5 +7.7
Labour R. Ackerley 13,282 24.5 −4.9
Liberal G. Knopp 10,904 20.1 −3.7
National Front G. Burnett 429 0.8 N/A
Majority 16,252 30.0
Turnout 54,149 79.5 +4.0
Conservative hold Swing +6.3
General Election October 1974:Tonbridge and Malling[22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Paul Stanley 23,188 46.8 +1.0
Labour P. Knight 14,579 29.4 +2.3
Liberal M. Vann 11,767 23.8 −3.1
Majority 8,609 17.4
Turnout 49,534 75.5 −7.9
Conservative hold Swing
General Election February 1974:Tonbridge and Malling[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Paul Stanley 24,809 45.8 N/A
Liberal M Vann 14,701 27.1 N/A
Labour Jack Straw 14,683 27.1 N/A
Majority 10,108 18.7 N/A
Turnout 54,193 83.4 N/A
Conservative win (new seat)

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2015 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 29 April 2015. Retrieved 8 May 2015. 
  2. ^ "Neighbourhood Statistics". statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved 13 September 2015. 
  3. ^ Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
  4. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "T" (part 2)[self-published source][better source needed]
  5. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  6. ^ "Tom Tugendhat MP". Tom Tugendhat MP. Retrieved 13 September 2015. 
  7. ^ "UK Polling Report". ukpollingreport.co.uk. Retrieved 13 September 2015. 
  8. ^ Tonbridge and Malling Labour Party. "@ClaireLeighLab, Labour PPC for Tonbridge Edenbridge & Malling". claireleigh4tonbridge.co.uk. Retrieved 13 September 2015. 
  9. ^ http://www.libdems.org.uk/general_election_candidates#South East
  10. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  11. ^ http://www.tmbc.gov.uk/assets/Elections/WPE/WPE_TM_SoPN.pdf
  12. ^ "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  13. ^ "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  14. ^ "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  15. ^ "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  16. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 
  17. ^ "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  18. ^ "UK General Election results: June 1987 [Archive]". politicsresources.net. Retrieved 13 September 2015. 
  19. ^ "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  20. ^ "UK General Election results: June 1983 [Archive]". politicsresources.net. Retrieved 13 September 2015. 
  21. ^ "UK General Election results: May 1979 [Archive]". politicsresources.net. Retrieved 13 September 2015. 
  22. ^ "UK General Election results: October 1974 [Archive]". politicsresources.net. Retrieved 13 September 2015. 
  23. ^ "UK General Election results: February 1974 [Archive]". politicsresources.net. Retrieved 13 September 2015. 

Coordinates: 51°14′N 0°20′E / 51.233°N 0.333°E / 51.233; 0.333