Wyandotte chicken

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Wyandotte
Silver-laced Wyandotte rooster.jpg
The silver-laced is the original variety of the breed
Conservation status Not at risk[1]
Other names American Sebright (before 1883)[1]
Country of origin United States
Use Dual-purpose
Traits
Weight Male: 3.5–4 kg (8–9 lb)[2]
  Female: 2.7–3.2 kg (6–7 lb)[2]
Skin color Yellow
Egg color Brown
Comb type Rose
Classification
APA American[3]
EE yes[4]
PCGB Soft Feather: Heavy[5]
Chicken
Gallus gallus domesticus

The Wyandotte is an American breed of chicken developed in the 1870s. It was named for the indigenous Wyandot people of North America.[6] The Wyandotte is a dual-purpose breed, kept for its brown eggs and its yellow-skinned meat.[6] It is a popular show bird, and has many color variants.[4] It was originally known as the American Sebright.[1]

History[edit]

The Wyandotte was created in the United States in the 1870s by four people, H.M. Doubleday, John Ray, L. Whittaker and Fred Houdlette.[6] The first type was the silver-laced, which was included in the American Standard of Perfection in 1883; it was taken to Britain at about the same time.[2]:311 The gold-laced Wyandotte was produced by breeding silver-laced hens with gold-spangled Hamburgh and partridge Cochin cocks, the white Wyandotte was a sport of the silver-laced, and the buff variant came from crossing the silver-laced with buff Cochin stock;[2]:311 the black variant was also a sport, of both the silver-laced and the gold-laced.[6] The partridge Wyandotte came from crossing the gold-laced with Indian Game, partridge Cochin, gold-pencilled Hamburghs, and a strain called "Winnebago".[6] The Columbian was the result of a chance crossing of white Wyandottes with barred Plymouth Rock birds; it was named for Columbian Exposition and World's Fair in Chicago, Illinois in 1893.[6][2]:311 The first Wyandotte bantams were added to the Standard of Perfection in 1933.[3]

In 2015 the Wyandotte was listed as "recovering" by the American Livestock Conservancy;[7] in 2016 it was no longer considered to be in danger and was removed from the priority list.[1] In Germany it is listed in category IV, "alert", on the Rote Liste of the Gesellschaft zur Erhaltung alter und gefährdeter Haustierrassen.[8]

Characteristics[edit]

Silver-laced chick, three days old

The Wyandotte is a fairly large bird, but compact and rounded. It is clean-legged and fairly close-feathered, and has a broad skull with a rose comb.[2]:311 The skin and shanks are yellow,[6] and the ear-lobes, face and wattles are red.[1]

Silver-laced Wyandotte cocks may occasionally display hen feathering.[9]:85–86

Colors[edit]

In the United States, nine colors are recognized in the Standard of Perfection of the American Poultry Association: black (1893), blue (1977), buff (1893), Columbian (1905), golden laced (1888), partridge (1893), silver laced (1883) and silver pencilled (1902).[3] For bantams, the same nine colors are recognized, with the addition of buff Columbian.[3]

In Europe, the Entente Européenne lists thirty colors.[4] The Poultry Club of Great Britain recognizes barred, black, blue, blue-laced, blue partridge, buff, buff-laced, Columbian, gold-laced, partridge, red, silver-laced, silver-pencilled and white.[2]:312–317

Gold-laced hen

Use[edit]

The Wyandotte is a dual-purpose breed, raised both for eggs and for meat. It matures moderately rapidly, and hens are good layers of tinted eggs.[1] It is a popular show bird, particularly in Germany.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Wyandotte Chicken. The Livestock Conservancy. Archived 7 June 2015.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Victoria Roberts (2008). British Poultry Standards: complete specifications and judging points of all standardized breeds and varieties of poultry as compiled by the specialist breed clubs and recognised by the Poultry Club of Great Britain. Oxford: Blackwell. ISBN 9781405156424.
  3. ^ a b c d APA Recognized Breeds and Varieties As of January 1, 2012. American Poultry Association. Accessed August 2014.
  4. ^ a b c Liste des races et variétés homologuée dans les pays EE (28.04.2013). Entente Européenne d’Aviculture et de Cuniculture. Accessed July 2016.
  5. ^ Breed Classification. Poultry Club of Great Britain. Accessed August 2014.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h Edgar L. Petty (2001). Wyandottes: The American Breed with an Indian Name and Eurasian Background. SPPA Bulletin 6 (4): 4–6. Society for the Preservation of Poultry Antiquities. Accessed August 2014.
  7. ^ Conservation Priority Poultry Breeds 2015. The Livestock Conservancy. Archived 15 October 2015.
  8. ^ Gemeinsame Liste alter und einheimischer Geflügelrassen in Deutschland der GEH und des BDRG (in German). Gesellschaft zur Erhaltung alter und gefährdeter Haustierrassen. Accessed July 2016.
  9. ^ Lewis Stevens (1991). Genetics and Evolution of the Domestic Fowl. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521403177. doi:10.1017/CBO9780511525780.007. (subscription required)

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