Xu Teli, in Yan'an.
|Vice-Minister of Publicity Department of the Communist Party of China|
|Minister of Education of Chinese Soviet Republic|
November 1931 – September 1937
February 1, 1877
Changsha County, Changsha, Hunan
|Died||November 28, 1968
|Political party||Communist Party of China|
|Alma mater||University of Paris
Moscow Sun Yat-sen University
Xu Teli (February 1, 1877 – November 28, 1968) was a politician of the People's Republic of China. Xu was the teacher of Mao Zedong, Cai Hesen, Xiao Zisheng, and Tian Han. Xu was a member of the 7th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the 8th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China.
Xu was born Xu Maoxun (Chinese: 徐懋恂) in Changsha County, Changsha, Hunan on February 1, 1877, during the Qing Dynasty. At the age of four, his mother died. In 1885, by age nine, Xu was sent to school.
At age eighteen, Xu set up a private school and taught there. In 1905, Xu attended the imperial examination when he was twenty-eight. After graduation, he became a teacher at Changsha Zhounan Girl's School. In 1907, Xu made a report on current affairs in the school, when he talked about the humiliating things of the corrupt government of Qing Empire, large tears began to fill his eyes and broke hot across his cheeks, Xu was indignation that he cut his little finger off with a kitchen knife, and wrote a protest with a pen dipped in the blood, fainted on the spot.
In 1919, Xu studied natural sciences at the University of Paris, he also visited Belgium and Germany. In this trip Xu observed modern European societies and cultures for the first time. In June 1924, Xu returned to Changsha, he founded the Changsha Women's Normal School and served as the President there. At that time, Xu also taught at Hunan First Normal University.
In 1940, Xu worked as the President of Yan'an Academy of Natural Sciences. When he was in Yan'an, he and Dong Biwu, Lin Boqu, Wu Yuzhang, and Xie Juezai were called the Yan'an Five Seniors (Chinese: 延安五老).
After the founding of the Communist State, Xu was appointed as the Vice-Minister of Publicity Department of the Communist Party of China, a few days later, he resigned his post.
Xu married Xiong Licheng (Chinese: 熊立诚), they had four children, Xu Shouzhen (Chinese: 徐守珍), Xu Duben (Chinese: 徐笃本), Xu Moqing (Chinese: 徐陌青), and Xu Houben (Chinese: 徐厚本).
- Collected Works of Xu Teli
- Complete Works of Xu Teli
- 7th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China
- 8th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China
- Xu Teli's Former Residence
- Changsha Normal University
- Hunan First Normal University
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- 徐特立在南昌起义中 . china.com.cn (in Chinese). 2010-10-08.
- 徐特立主动让职位 . yangtse.com (in Chinese). 2013-04-07. Archived from the original on May 13, 2015.