Yesler Terrace, Seattle

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Yesler Way cuts through Yesler Terrace. The Columbia Center and other downtown skyscrapers can be seen in center background, and the upper part of Harborview Medical Center is just visible at right.
Typical Yesler Terrace houses
Children's playground, Yesler Terrace

Yesler Terrace, a 22-acre (8.9 ha) public housing development in Seattle, Washington was, at the time of its completion in 1941, Washington State's first public housing development and the first racially integrated public housing development in the United States. It occupies much of the area formerly known as Yesler Hill, Yesler's Hill, or Profanity Hill. The development is administered by the Seattle Housing Authority, who have been redeveloping the neighborhood into a mixed-income area with multi-story buildings and community amenities since 2013.

Etymology[edit]

The name derives ultimately from Henry Yesler, pioneer mill owner. Yesler Way was originally the skid road on which logs were skidded down to the mill. The southern part of the hill came to be known as Yesler's Hill, Yesler Hill, or Profanity Hill.[1] These names referred roughly to the part of First Hill south of the original King County Courthouse at 8th Avenue and Terrace Street. Razed in 1931, the courthouse site was roughly the western portion of the present-day Harborview Medical Center.[citation needed] The name "Profanity Hill" could have its origins from the cursing of the attorneys and litigants at having to climb so steep a grade after missing the cable car,[2] or because of the slum neighborhood known for its uncouth inhabitants to the south where Yesler Terrace is now situated.

Description[edit]

Yesler Terrace is located on the southernmost part of First Hill, along Yesler Way immediately east of downtown Seattle. Uphill across Interstate 5 from Pioneer Square and the International District. Much of the site included Nihonmachi or Japantown until Executive Order 9066 ordered residents to be interned.

Yesler Terrace sits on 28 acres (11 ha) with 561 residential units in 68 buildings, many of which are two-story rowhouses. Unlike most public housing developments, residents have their own private yards.[3]

Demographics[edit]

As of 2005, there are 1,167 residents. An estimated 40% of households are Asian or Asian American, 38% are African or African American, 11% are White, and 3% Native American.[4]

Redevelopment[edit]

Talks of redeveloping the 60-year-old Yesler Terrace, which had become the oldest public housing project in the city, began in 2004 amid similar schemes to redevelop Rainier Vista, High Point and NewHolly into mixed-income neighborhoods.[5] Formal planning on the project began in 2006 with the hiring of a planning team and recruitment for a citizen review panel.[6]

The $1.7 billion redevelopment project of the neighborhood began in 2013, with plans to replace existing homes with 5,000 mixed-income residential units, 900,000 sq ft (84,000 m2) of office space, and 153,000 sq ft (14,200 m2) of retail and community space.[7] The SHA partnered with developer Vulcan Real Estate, who would buy and develop private parcels, and architects Weber Thompson. The first new building, Kebero Court, opened in May 2015 and was followed by the opening of Raven Terrace in February 2016.[8][9] The project, the largest such redevelopment in Seattle's history, is anticipated to take up to 20 years for the full buildout.[7]

The neighborhood is also served by the First Hill Streetcar, which connects Yesler Terrace to Capitol Hill via Broadway, and the International District via Jackson Street. The line opened in 2016.[7]

Prior to the start of construction, existing Yesler Terrace residents had organized to oppose any redevelopment plans that would reduce the number of units available to residents with the lowest income.[4]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ "Yesler Terrace History". Seattle Housing Authority. Retrieved July 9, 2016. 
  2. ^ Duncan, Don (March 30, 1969). "Driftwood Diary: Seattle's Seven Hills". The Seattle Times. p. 8. 
  3. ^ BOLA Architecture + Planning (June 14, 2010). "Landmark Nomination Application: Yesler Terrace" (PDF). City of Seattle Landmarks Preservation Board. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 19, 2012. Retrieved July 9, 2016. 
  4. ^ a b Hyla, Adam (March 23–29, 2005). "Yesler Terrace: future in question". Real Change. p. 4. 
  5. ^ Eskenazi, Stuart (June 9, 2004). "Housing project's fate tests community values". The Seattle Times. p. B1. Retrieved July 9, 2016. 
  6. ^ "Yesler Terrace Redevelopment Planning Documents". Seattle Housing Authority. Retrieved July 9, 2016. 
  7. ^ a b c Stiles, Marc (March 8, 2016). "Yesler Terrace's $1.7B makeover: Some work done, much more to come". Puget Sound Business Journal. Retrieved March 13, 2016. 
  8. ^ Levy, Nat (June 4, 2015). "Real Estate Buzz: Housing, both public and private, opens as part of Yesler Terrace redevelopment". Seattle Daily Journal of Commerce. Retrieved February 22, 2016. 
  9. ^ "Seattle Housing Authority marks two milestones at Yesler" (Press release). Seattle Housing Authority. January 29, 2016. Retrieved February 22, 2016. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 47°36′08″N 122°19′12″W / 47.60222°N 122.32000°W / 47.60222; -122.32000