Yurchenko is the name of both a specific vault and a vault family in artistic gymnastics. The Yurchenko was named after Soviet gymnast Natalia Yurchenko, who first performed the vault at the 1982 World Cup.
In a Yurchenko vault, the gymnast does a round-off onto the springboard and a back handspring onto the horse or vaulting table. The gymnast then performs a salto, which may range in difficulty from a simple single tuck to a triple twist layout.
Any vault with a roundoff-back handspring entry is classified as a "Yurchenko-style" vault in the Code of Points. Many variations of the original vault have been introduced by gymnasts in international competitions. Even as of 2006, gymnasts and coaches continue to develop more difficult versions of the Yurchenko.
Some of the most commonly performed Yurchenko-style vaults include:
- (Shushunova) 1½ twisting Yurchenko: Roundoff, back handspring entry; one and a half twisting layout. Abbreviated as 1.5Y.
- Double twisting Yurchenko: Roundoff, backhandspring entry; double twisting layout. Abbreviated as DTY.
- Amanar/Shewfelt (2½ twisting Yurchenko): Roundoff, back handspring entry; two and a half twisting layout.
- Luconi: Roundoff, back handspring with full turn entry; back tuck/pike/layout somersault
- Podkopayeva: Roundoff, back handspring with half turn entry; front pike somersault with 1/2 twist
- López: yurchenko 180° (Roundoff, back handspring with half turn entry)front layout somersault with 1/2 twist
- Khorkina: Roundoff, back handspring with half turn entry; front tuck somersault with 1½ twist
- Cheng Fei: Roundoff, back handspring with half turn entry; front straight somersault with 1½ twist