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Total population
estimated 150[1]
Regions with significant populations
traditional tribal religion

The Carabayo are an uncontacted people of Colombia living in at least three long houses, known as malokas,[2] along the Rio Puré (now the Río Puré National Park) in the southeastern corner of the country. They live in the Amazonas Department of Colombian Amazon rainforest, near the border of Brazil. They share the protected National Park with the Passé and Jumana people.[2]

In the last 400 years, Carabayo people have had intermittent contact with outsiders, including violent attacks by slave traders and rubber extractors, resulting in their retreat from outside groups and increased isolation.[2]


The Carabayo are also known as the Aroje or Yuri people. They are known as the Aroje to the Bora people. Maku and Macusa are pejorative Arawak terms applied to many local languages, not anything specific to Carabayo.


The Carabayo language appears to be a member of the Tikuna–Yuri family.

Legal protection[edit]

In December 2011, President Juan Manuel Santos signed legal decree #4633, which guarantees uncontacted peoples such as the Carabayo the rights to their voluntary isolation, their traditional territories, and reparations if they face violence from outsiders.[2]


  1. ^ a b "Carabayo." Ethnologue. 2009. Retrieved 20 April 2012.
  2. ^ a b c d e Butler, Rhett A. "Uncontacted Amazon tribes documented for first time in Colombia." Mongabay. 19 April 2012. Retrieved 20 April 2012.