Zeitz

Coordinates: 51°2′52″N 12°8′18″E / 51.04778°N 12.13833°E / 51.04778; 12.13833
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Zeitz
Schloss Moritzburg
Coat of arms of Zeitz
Location of Zeitz within Burgenlandkreis district
SaxonyThuringiaSaalekreisAn der PoststraßeMeinewehBad BibraBalgstädtDroyßigEckartsbergaElsteraueElsteraueFreyburgFinneFinneFinnelandGleinaGoseckGutenbornHohenmölsenKaiserpfalzKaiserpfalzKarsdorfKretzschauLanitz-Hassel-TalLaucha an der UnstrutLützenMertendorfMolauer LandNaumburgNebraOsterfeldSchnaudertalSchönburg (Saale)StößenTeuchernWeißenfelsWethauWetterzeubeZeitz
Zeitz is located in Germany
Zeitz
Zeitz
Zeitz is located in Saxony-Anhalt
Zeitz
Zeitz
Coordinates: 51°2′52″N 12°8′18″E / 51.04778°N 12.13833°E / 51.04778; 12.13833
CountryGermany
StateSaxony-Anhalt
DistrictBurgenlandkreis
Government
 • Mayor (2023–30) Christian Thieme[1] (CDU)
Area
 • Total87.15 km2 (33.65 sq mi)
Elevation
160 m (520 ft)
Population
 (2021-12-31)[2]
 • Total27,003
 • Density310/km2 (800/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
06711, 06712
Dialling codes03441, 034423, 034426
Vehicle registrationBLK, HHM, NEB, NMB, WSF, ZZ
WebsiteGerman: Stadt Zeitz

Zeitz (Upper Sorbian: Žič, pronounced [ˈʒitʃ]) is a town in the Burgenlandkreis district, in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany. It is situated on the river White Elster, in the triangle of the federal states Saxony-Anhalt, Thuringia, and Saxony.

History[edit]

First a Slavic pagan settlement later Christianized, Zeitz was first recorded under the Medieval Latin name Cici in the Synod of Ravenna in 967. Between 965 and 982, it was the chief fortress of the March of Zeitz. Zeitz was a bishop's residence between 968 and 1028, when it was moved to Naumburg. Beginning at the end of the 13th century, the bishops again resided in their castle at Zeitz. The Herrmannsschacht (built in 1889) is one of the oldest brown coal brickette factories in the world. The city was captured by Swedish troops during the Thirty Years' War and was given to Electorate of Saxony in 1644. It was the centre of Saxe-Zeitz between 1657 and 1718, before returning to the Electorate (which became the Kingdom of Saxony in 1806). In 1815, it was given to the Kingdom of Prussia, becoming district (kreis) centre of the Merseburg region (regierungsbezirk) of the Province of Saxony until 1944, when it became part of the Province of Halle-Merseburg. It became a county free city between 1901 and 1950. It was occupied by U.S. troops on 27 April 1945 and was transferred to Soviet control on 1 July 1945. It was a district centre in the Halle region of Saxony-Anhalt state in 1945 — 1952 and again in 1990 — 1994, and in Bezirk Halle between 1952 and 1990. It lost its status as county centre and became part of the Burgenlandkreis on 1 July 1994.

A bombing target of the Oil Campaign of World War II, the Brabag plant northeast of Zeitz used lignite coal for the production of synthetic fuels[3]forced labor was provided by the nearby Wille subcamp of Buchenwald in Rehmsdorf and Gleina.[citation needed] In the middle of the 1960s work started on the "Zeitz-Ost" residential area, and in the mid-1980s, housing estates such as the "Völkerfreundschaft" (English: International Friendship) were built.

On 18 August 1976, the Protestant clergyman Oskar Brüsewitz from Rippicha burnt himself to death in front of the Michaeliskirche. This was a protest against the DDR system. The town was an industrial centre until German Reunification made many companies in eastern Germany uncompetitive, and 20,000 people lost jobs or moved to other employment. The town still has a large sugar factory, and the nearby lignite mines (Profen and Schleenhain) and Lippendorf Power Station, together employing 2,000 people from Zeitz.[4]

On 1 July 2009 Zeitz absorbed the former municipalities Döbris, Geußnitz, Kayna, Nonnewitz and Würchwitz.[5] On 1 January 2010 it absorbed Luckenau and Theißen.[6]

Geography[edit]

The town Zeitz consists of Zeitz proper and the following Ortschaften or municipal divisions:[7]

Main sights[edit]

Zeitz sights are predominantly situated along the Romanesque Road (point 52).

Twin towns – sister cities[edit]

Zeitz is twinned with:[9]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bürgermeisterwahlen in den Gemeinden, Endgültige Ergebnisse, Statistisches Landesamt Sachsen-Anhalt. Retrieved 6 July 2023.
  2. ^ "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden – Stand: 31. Dezember 2021" (PDF) (in German). Statistisches Landesamt Sachsen-Anhalt. June 2022.
  3. ^ Becker, Peter W. (1981). "The Role of Synthetic Fuel In World War II Germany: implications for today?". Air University Review. Maxwell AFB.
  4. ^ Wecker, Katharina (1 June 2018). "Germany's mining communities brace themselves for post-coal era | DW | 01.06.2018". DW.COM. Archived from the original on 19 June 2018.
  5. ^ Gebietsänderungen vom 02. Januar bis 31. Dezember 2009, Statistisches Bundesamt
  6. ^ Gebietsänderungen vom 01. Januar bis 31. Dezember 2010, Statistisches Bundesamt
  7. ^ Hauptsatzung der Stadt Zeitz, October 2019.
  8. ^ Die Krypta des Domes, Kath. Pfarrgemeinde St. Peter und Paul Zeitz.
  9. ^ "Partnerstädte". zeitz.de (in German). Zeitz. Archived from the original on 25 March 2020. Retrieved 18 February 2021.

External links[edit]