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|Director of the State Food and Drug Administration|
|Director of the State Drug Administration|
December 10, 1944
|Died||July 10, 2007(aged 62)|
|Political party||Communist Party of China|
|Alma mater||Fudan University|
|Known for||Taking bribes and dereliction of duty|
Zheng Xiaoyu (Chinese: 郑筱萸; pinyin: Zhèng Xiǎoyú; December 10, 1944[not verified in body] – July 10, 2007) was the director of the State Food and Drug Administration of the People's Republic of China from 2003 to 2005. He was sentenced to death for corruption and allowing possibly tainted products in Mainland China[not verified in body] in the first instance trial at Beijing No.1 Intermediate Court on May 29, 2007. He was executed on July 10, 2007.
Born in Fuzhou, Fujian on December 10, 1944, Zheng Xiaoyu eventually studied to receive his bachelor's degree in biology from Fudan University in 1968. He joined the Communist Party of China in November 1979.
Zheng was director of the State Pharmaceutical Administration from 1994 to 1998, head of the State Drug Administration from 1998 to 2003, and director of the State Food and Drug Administration from 2003 to 2005.[page needed]
In May 2007, Zheng was convicted of taking bribes and dereliction of duty and sentenced to death by a trial court in Beijing. These corrupt practices are believed to have led to 40 deaths in Panama from cough syrup that contained diethylene glycol in place of glycerin. Zheng had been convicted of personally approving unproven and unsafe medicines after taking bribes from eight pharmaceutical companies while working as the former head of China's ministry of food and drug safety, bribes totaling more than 6.49 million RMB (or a rough equivalent of 850,000 USD), approvals which resulted in at least a hundred patient deaths, directly and indirectly. It was also discovered that during the eight-year period of drug oversight, Zheng personally ordered approvals of more than 150,000 new medicines, a number 134-times that of the U.S. FDA (which approves, on average, ca. 140 new medicines annually). Most of those 150,000 medicines were the products of the eight pharmaceutical companies that bribed Zheng. A single unsafe medication of Anhui Hua Yuan (华源) Company, since closed, resulted in 14 patient deaths, hundreds being permanently disabled, and several thousand more falling seriously ill; Anhui Hua Yuan's CEO committed suicide before his arrest. Zheng's trial resulted in a death sentence.
Cao Wenzhuang, a former director of the same agency's department dealing with drug registrations was also sentenced to death in the first week of July, 2007, for dereliction of duty and accepting bribes. Cao had accepted more than two million RMB (or a rough equivalent of 250,000 USD). Cao received a two-year "reprieve" for his death sentence, "a ruling that usually [results in the death sentence being] commuted to life in prison if the convict is deemed to have reformed."
Zheng entered an appeal for leniency on June 12, saying that the sentence was "too severe" citing the fact that he had confessed his crimes and cooperated with investigators. However, the court ruled that he was a "great danger" to the country and its reputation. The appeal was rejected on June 22 and he was executed on July 10, 2007. Lethal Injection was used for the execution.
- BBC Staff (July 10, 2007). "China Food Safety Head Executed". BBC News. Retrieved 5 January 2017.
- China Daily Staff (May 29, 2007). "Former Drug Head Sentenced to Death". China Daily. Retrieved 5 January 2017.
- Yang, Dali (2009). "Regulatory Learning and Its Discontents in China: Promise and Tragedy at the State Food and Drug Administration", in Pushing Back Globalization (Gillespie, John & Peerenboom, Randall, eds.) New York: Taylor & Frances/Routledge.[full citation needed]
- Barboza, David (July 13, 2007). "A Chinese Reformer Betrays His Cause, and Pays". The New York Times. Retrieved June 6, 2008.
- Tremblay, Jean-François (May 30, 2007). "Chinese Drug Official Gets Death Sentence". Chemical and Engineering News. Washington, DC: American Chemical Society. 85 (23): 8. doi:10.1021/cen-v085n023.p008. Retrieved January 4, 2017.
- Grace, Francie & the AP (July 10, 2007). "China Executes Ex-Food & Drug Watchdog". CBS News. Associated Press. Retrieved January 4, 2017.
- Shutao, Song (ed.) & Xinhua Net Staff (July 10, 2007). "Former Head of China's Drug Watchdog Executed". Xinhua News Agency [China View, XinhuaNet.com]. Retrieved 2007-06-04.
- "China Daily".
- "China's corrupt former food and drug chief executed". The Sydney Morning Herald. July 10, 2007. Archived from the original on April 30, 2017. Retrieved April 30, 2017.
| Head of State Food and Drug Administration of China
2003 – 2005