De (Cyrillic)

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Cyrillic letter De
Cyrillic letter De - uppercase and lowercase.svg
Numeric value: 4
The Cyrillic script
Slavic letters
А Б В Г Ґ Д
Ђ Ѓ Е Ѐ Ё Є
Ж З Ѕ И Ѝ І
Ї Й Ј К Л Љ
М Н Њ О П Р
С Т Ћ Ќ У Ў
Ф Х Ц Ч Џ Ш
Щ Ъ Ы Ь Э Ю
Я
Non-Slavic letters
Ӑ Ӓ Ә Ӛ Ӕ Ғ
Ҕ Ӻ Ӷ Ԁ Ԃ
Ӗ Ӂ Җ Ӝ Ԅ Ҙ
Ӟ Ԑ Ӡ Ԇ Ӣ Ҋ
Ӥ Қ Ӄ Ҡ Ҟ Ҝ
Ԟ Ԛ Ӆ Ԓ Ԡ Ԉ
Ԕ Ӎ Ӊ Ң Ӈ Ҥ
Ԣ Ԋ Ӧ Ө Ӫ Ҩ
Ԥ Ҧ Ҏ Ԗ Ҫ Ԍ
Ҭ Ԏ Ӯ Ӱ Ӳ Ү
Ұ Ҳ Ӽ Ӿ Һ Ԧ
Ҵ Ҷ Ӵ Ӌ Ҹ
Ҽ Ҿ Ӹ Ҍ Ӭ Ԙ
Ԝ Ӏ
Archaic letters
Ҁ Ѻ ОУ Ѡ Ѿ Ѣ
Ѥ Ѧ Ѫ Ѩ
Ѭ Ѯ Ѱ Ѳ Ѵ Ѷ

De (Д д; italics: Д д) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.

De commonly represents the voiced dental plosive /d/, like the pronunciation of d in admit.

De is romanized using the Latin letter D.

History[edit]

The Cyrillic letter De was derived from the Greek letter Delta (Δ δ).

In the Early Cyrillic alphabet its name was добро (dobro), meaning "good".

In the Cyrillic numeral system, De had a value of 4.

Form[edit]

The major graphic difference between De and its modern Greek equivalent lies in the two descenders ("feet") below the lower corners of the Cyrillic letter. The descenders were borrowed from a Byzantine uncial shape of uppercase Delta.

De, like the Cyrillic letter El, has two typographical variants: an older variant where its top is pointed (like Delta), and a modern one (first used in mid-19th-century fonts) where it is square. Nowadays, almost all books and magazines are printed with fonts with the second variant of the letter; the first one is rather stylish and only a few popular text fonts use it (the most known example is "Baltika" designed in 1951-52 by V. G. Chiminova and others).

handwritten forms

In italic (Russian) type, the lowercase form looks more like the lowercase Latin d: . Southern (Serbian, Bulgarian, Macedonian) typography may prefer a variant that looks like a lowercase Latin g. Cursive lowercase De has the same two shapes, but with a different distribution: for example, the g-shaped variant is a standard for Russian schools.[1]

The (Russian-Ukrainian-Belarusian-Bulgarian) cursive form of capital De looks like Latin D as the printed version is not comfortable enough to be written quickly. The Serbian cursive form is closer to the shape of digit 2 (the identical shape is sometimes used for uppercase cursive Latin Q), the form unknown in Russia.

Usage[edit]

The letter De represents the voiced dental plosive /d/, except word-finally and before voiceless consonants it represents a voiceless [t] and before a palatalizing vowel it represents /dʲ/.

Related letters and other similar characters[edit]

Computing codes[edit]

Character Д д
Unicode name CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER DE CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER DE
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 1044 U+0414 1076 U+0434
UTF-8 208 148 D0 94 208 180 D0 B4
Numeric character reference Д Д д д
KOI8-R and KOI8-U 228 E4 196 C4
Code page 855 167 A7 166 A6
Windows-1251 196 C4 228 E4
ISO-8859-5 180 B4 212 D4
Macintosh Cyrillic 132 84 228 E4

References[edit]

External links[edit]

  • The dictionary definition of Д at Wiktionary
  • The dictionary definition of д at Wiktionary