(acyl-carrier-protein) S-acetyltransferase

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[acyl-carrier-protein] S-acetyltransferase
Identifiers
EC number 2.3.1.38
CAS number 37257-16-2
Databases
IntEnz IntEnz view
BRENDA BRENDA entry
ExPASy NiceZyme view
KEGG KEGG entry
MetaCyc metabolic pathway
PRIAM profile
PDB structures RCSB PDB PDBe PDBsum
Gene Ontology AmiGO / EGO

In enzymology, a [acyl-carrier-protein] S-acetyltransferase (EC 2.3.1.38) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction

acetyl-CoA + [acyl-carrier-protein] \rightleftharpoons CoA + acetyl-[acyl-carrier-protein]

Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are acetyl-CoA and acyl carrier protein, whereas its two products are CoA and acetyl-acyl-carrier-protein.

This enzyme belongs to the family of transferases, specifically those acyltransferases transferring groups other than aminoacyl groups. The systematic name of this enzyme class is acetyl-CoA:[acyl-carrier-protein] S-acetyltransferase. Other names in common use include acetyl coenzyme A-acyl-carrier-protein transacylase, Acetyl CoA:ACP transacylase, [acyl-carrier-protein]acetyltransferase, [ACP]acetyltransferase, and ACAT. This enzyme participates in fatty acid biosynthesis.

Structural studies[edit]

As of late 2007, only one structure has been solved for this class of enzymes, with the PDB accession code 2PFF.

References[edit]

  • Prescott DJ, Vagelos PR (1972). "Acyl carrier protein". Adv. Enzymol. Relat. Areas. Mol. Biol. 36: 269–311. PMID 4561013. 
  • Vance DE, Mitsuhashi O, Bloch K (1973). "Purification and properties of the fatty acid synthetase from Mycobacterium phlei". J. Biol. Chem. 248 (7): 2303–9. PMID 4698221. 
  • Williamson IP, Wakil SJ (1966). "Studies on the mechanism of fatty acid synthesis. XVII. Preparation and general properties of acetyl coenzyme A and malonyl coenzyme A-acyl carrier protein transacylases". J. Biol. Chem. 241 (10): 2326–32. PMID 5330116. 
  • Lowe PN, Rhodes S (1988). "Purification and characterization of acyl-carrier-protein acetyltransferase from Escherichia coli". Biochem. J. 250 (3): 789–96. PMC 1148925. PMID 3291856. 
  • Tsay JT, Oh W, Larson TJ, Jackowski S, Rock CO (1992). "Isolation and characterization of the beta-ketoacyl-acyl carrier protein synthase III gene (fabH) from Escherichia coli K-12". J. Biol. Chem. 267 (10): 6807–14. PMID 1551888. 
  • Rangan VS, Smith S (1997). "Alteration of the substrate specificity of the malonyl-CoA/acetyl-CoA:acyl carrier protein S-acyltransferase domain of the multifunctional fatty acid synthase by mutation of a single arginine residue". J. Biol. Chem. 272 (18): 11975–8. doi:10.1074/jbc.272.18.11975. PMID 9115261.