1978 Pacific typhoon season

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1978 Pacific typhoon season
Season summary map
First system formed January 6, 1978
Last system dissipated November 30, 1978
Strongest storm Rita – 880 hPa (mbar), 220 km/h (140 mph) (10-minute sustained)
Tropical depressions 32
Total storms 29
Typhoons 15
Super typhoons 1
Total fatalities Unknown
Total damage Unknown
Pacific typhoon seasons
1976, 1977, 1978, 1979, 1980

The 1978 Pacific typhoon season has no official bounds; it ran year-round in 1978, but most tropical cyclones tend to form in the northwestern Pacific Ocean between June and December. These dates conventionally delimit the period of each year when most tropical cyclones form in the northwestern Pacific Ocean.

The scope of this article is limited to the Pacific Ocean, north of the equator and west of the international date line. Storms that form east of the date line and north of the equator are called hurricanes; see 1978 Pacific hurricane season. Tropical Storms formed in the entire west pacific basin were assigned a name by the Joint Typhoon Warning Center. Tropical depressions in this basin have the "W" suffix added to their number. Tropical depressions that enter or form in the Philippine area of responsibility are assigned a name by the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration or PAGASA. This can often result in the same storm having two names.

Storms[edit]

32 tropical depressions formed this year in the Western Pacific, of which 29 became tropical storms. 15 storms reached typhoon intensity, of which 1 reached super typhoon strength. Many of the storms either remained at sea or failed to do any damage.

Severe Tropical Storm Nadine[edit]

Severe tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration January 6 – January 13
Peak intensity 100 km/h (65 mph) (10-min)  970 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Olive (Atang)[edit]

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 2 typhoon (SSHWS)
Counterclockwise vortex
Duration April 15 – April 26
Peak intensity 150 km/h (90 mph) (10-min)  955 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Polly (Bising)[edit]

Tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Counterclockwise vortex
Duration June 13 – June 20
Peak intensity 85 km/h (50 mph) (10-min)  985 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Rose (Klaring)[edit]

Tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Counterclockwise vortex
Duration June 21 – June 24
Peak intensity 85 km/h (50 mph) (10-min)  990 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Shirley (Deling)[edit]

Tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Counterclockwise vortex
Duration June 26 – June 30
Peak intensity 85 km/h (50 mph) (10-min)  992 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Trix[edit]

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Counterclockwise vortex
Duration July 11 – July 23
Peak intensity 130 km/h (80 mph) (10-min)  965 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Virginia[edit]

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration July 22 – August 2
Peak intensity 130 km/h (80 mph) (10-min)  975 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Wendy (Emang)[edit]

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration July 22 – August 3
Peak intensity 130 km/h (80 mph) (10-min)  960 mbar (hPa)

Severe Tropical Storm Agnes[edit]

Severe tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration July 24 – July 30
Peak intensity 100 km/h (65 mph) (10-min)  980 mbar (hPa)

Agnes formed on July 24, made a complete loop, and struck China on July 29 with winds of 55 mph after peaking at 60 mph.[1] It dissipated the 30th. In Hong Kong Tropical Storm Agnes killed 3 people.[2]

Tropical Storm Bonnie (Iliang)[edit]

Tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration August 8 – August 12
Peak intensity 75 km/h (45 mph) (10-min)  985 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Carmen (Loleng)[edit]

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration August 10 – August 20
Peak intensity 140 km/h (85 mph) (10-min)  960 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Della (Miding)[edit]

Tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration August 10 – August 13
Peak intensity 85 km/h (50 mph) (10-min)  985 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm 14W[edit]

Tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical depression (SSHWS)
Counterclockwise vortex
Duration August 14 – August 20
Peak intensity 75 km/h (45 mph) (10-min)  999 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Elaine (Norming)[edit]

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration August 18 – August 28
Peak intensity 120 km/h (75 mph) (10-min)  965 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Faye[edit]

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 3 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration August 25 – September 7
Peak intensity 165 km/h (105 mph) (10-min)  935 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Gloria (Oyang)[edit]

Tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration August 28 – August 31
Peak intensity 75 km/h (45 mph) (10-min)  992 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Hester[edit]

Tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration August 28 – September 1
Peak intensity 85 km/h (50 mph) (10-min)  990 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Irma (Pasing)[edit]

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration September 9 – September 15
Peak intensity 120 km/h (75 mph) (10-min)  970 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Judy[edit]

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 2 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration September 9 – September 17
Peak intensity 150 km/h (90 mph) (10-min)  950 mbar (hPa)

Severe Tropical Storm Kit (Ruping)[edit]

Severe tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Counterclockwise vortex
Duration September 20 – September 26
Peak intensity 95 km/h (60 mph) (10-min)  990 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Lola (Susang)[edit]

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration September 20 – October 2
Peak intensity 130 km/h (80 mph) (10-min)  965 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Mamie[edit]

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration September 29 – October 4
Peak intensity 130 km/h (80 mph) (10-min)  960 mbar (hPa)

Severe Tropical Storm Nina (Tering)[edit]

Severe tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration October 6 – October 16
Peak intensity 110 km/h (70 mph) (10-min)  975 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Ora (Uding)[edit]

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 2 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration October 8 – October 15
Peak intensity 150 km/h (90 mph) (10-min)  940 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Depression 26W (Weling)[edit]

Tropical depression (PAGASA)
Tropical depression (SSHWS)
Counterclockwise vortex
Duration October 8 – October 12
Peak intensity 55 km/h (35 mph) (10-min)  999 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Depression 27W[edit]

Tropical depression (SSHWS)
Counterclockwise vortex
Duration October 10 – October 16
Peak intensity 35 km/h (25 mph) (1-min)  1002 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Phyllis[edit]

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 2 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration October 13 – October 22
Peak intensity 150 km/h (90 mph) (10-min)  955 mbar (hPa)

Super Typhoon Rita (Kading)[edit]

Main article: Typhoon Rita (1978)
Typhoon (JMA)
Category 5 super typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration October 15 – October 29
Peak intensity 220 km/h (140 mph) (10-min)  880 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Depression 28 developed October 15. Three and a half days later, it strengthened into a tropical storm. Rita became a typhoon late on October 19. Rita reached Category 5 status on October 23, reaching a minimum central pressure of 880 millibars, only 10 mb higher than Typhoon Tip's record set in 1979. After spending over three consecutive days at that intensity, Rita weakened to a Category 4 and smashed ashore on Luzon. Rita stayed a typhoon during its entire passage over the Philippines and emerged into the South China Sea as a minimal typhoon. Rita then decayed slowly and dissipated as a depression near the coast of Vietnam. The typhoon caused considerable damage and loss of life in the Philippines, though exact numbers are unknown.

Severe Tropical Storm Tess[edit]

Severe tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration October 31 – November 6
Peak intensity 110 km/h (70 mph) (10-min)  975 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Depression 32W (Delang)[edit]

Tropical depression (PAGASA)
Tropical depression (SSHWS)
Counterclockwise vortex
Duration November 15 – November 20
Peak intensity 55 km/h (35 mph) (10-min)  1002 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Viola (Esang)[edit]

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 4 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration November 16 – November 24
Peak intensity 195 km/h (120 mph) (10-min)  910 mbar (hPa)

Severe Tropical Storm Winnie[edit]

Severe tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration November 25 – November 30
Peak intensity 100 km/h (65 mph) (10-min)  980 mbar (hPa)

Winnie formed on November 25. It reached a peak of 65 mph winds before its end on November 30.

1978 storm names[edit]

Western North Pacific tropical cyclones were named by the Joint Typhoon Warning Center. The first storm of 1978 was named Nadine and the final one was named Winnie. This was the final year using this set of names.

  • Nadine (7801)
  • Olive (7802)
  • Polly (7803)
  • Rose (7804)
  • Shirley (7805)
  • Trix (7806)
  • Virigina (7807)
  • Wendy (7808)
  • Agnes (7809)
  • Bonnie (7810)
  • Carmen (7811)
  • Della (7812)
  • Elaine (7814)
  • Faye (7815)
  • Gloria (7816)
  • Hester (7817)
  • Irma (7818)
  • Judy (7819)
  • Kit (7820)
  • Lola (7821)
  • Mamie (7822)
  • Nina (7823)
  • Ora (7824)
  • Phyllis (7825)
  • Rita (7826)
  • Susan
  • Tess (7827)
  • Viola (7828)
  • Winnie (7829)

Two Central Pacific systems developed, Tropical Depression 10C and Hurricane Susan. The policy at the time was to use Western Pacific names in the Central Pacific. Hurricane Susan though, wasn't classified by the JMA either.

Philippines[edit]

The Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA) used its own naming scheme for tropical cyclones within its area of responsibility. Lists were recycled every four years. This was the list set for 1982.[3] This is the same list used for the 1974 season.

  • Atang (7802)
  • Bising (7803)
  • Klaring (7804)
  • Deling (7805)
  • Emang (7808)
  • Gading
  • Heling
  • Iliang (7810)
  • Loleng (7811)
  • Miding (7812)
  • Norming (7814)
  • Oyang (7816)
  • Pasing (7818)
  • Ruping (7820)
  • Susang (7821)
  • Tering (7823)
  • Uding (7824)
  • Weling
  • Yaning
  • Aning

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1978 ATCR TABLE OF CONTENTS
  2. ^ Historical Information
  3. ^ Michael Padua. "Old PAGASA Names". Retrieved 2007-04-14. 

External links[edit]