366 BC

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Millennium: 1st millennium BC
Centuries: 5th century BC4th century BC3rd century BC
Decades: 390s BC  380s BC  370s BC  – 360s BC –  350s BC  340s BC  330s BC
Years: 369 BC 368 BC 367 BC366 BC365 BC 364 BC 363 BC
366 BC by topic
Politics
State leadersSovereign states
Birth and death categories
BirthsDeaths
Establishments and disestablishments categories
EstablishmentsDisestablishments
366 BC in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 366 BC
Ab urbe condita 388
Armenian calendar N/A
Assyrian calendar 4385
Bahá'í calendar −2209 – −2208
Bengali calendar −958
Berber calendar 585
English Regnal year N/A
Buddhist calendar 179
Burmese calendar −1003
Byzantine calendar 5143–5144
Chinese calendar 甲寅(Wood Tiger)
2331 or 2271
    — to —
乙卯年 (Wood Rabbit)
2332 or 2272
Coptic calendar −649 – −648
Discordian calendar 801
Ethiopian calendar −373 – −372
Hebrew calendar 3395–3396
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat −309 – −308
 - Shaka Samvat N/A
 - Kali Yuga 2736–2737
Holocene calendar 9635
Igbo calendar −1365 – −1364
Iranian calendar 987 BP – 986 BP
Islamic calendar 1017 BH – 1016 BH
Japanese calendar N/A
Juche calendar N/A
Julian calendar N/A
Korean calendar 1968
Minguo calendar 2277 before ROC
民前2277年
Thai solar calendar 178

Year 366 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Mamercinus and Lateranus (or, less frequently, year 388 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 366 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.

Events[edit]

By place[edit]

Persian Empire[edit]

Greece[edit]

  • Athens founds the town of Kos on the island of Kos in the Aegean Sea.
  • Theban leader, Epaminondas, returns to the Peloponnesus for a third time, seeking to secure the allegiance of the states of Achaea. Although no army dares to challenge him in the field, the democratic governments he establishes there are short-lived, as pro-Spartan aristocrats soon return to the cities, reestablish the oligarchies, and bind their cities ever more closely to Sparta.
  • Thebes makes peace with Sparta and then turns its attention on Athens, which is trying to revive its maritime empire and is interfering in Macedonian dynastic quarrels.
  • Thebes captures the city of Oropus.

Sicily[edit]

  • The experiment by Dion (brother-in-law of Dionysius I) and Plato to educate the new ruler of Syracuse, Dionysius II, in the practical application of Plato's philosophical principles fails and Dion and Plato are banished from Syracuse.

Roman Republic[edit]

  • The use of military tribunes with consular power is abandoned permanently and the dual consulship is restored. A new magistracy is established, which is called the praetorship. Its holder, the praetor, is elected annually by the Assembly and takes charge of civil matters, thus relieving the consuls of this responsibility. The praetor is regarded as a junior colleague of the consuls. Nevertheless, the praetor can command an army, convene a Senate or an assembly, as well as exercise the consular functions.
  • Two additional aediles, called curule ("higher") aediles, are created in the Roman hierarchy. These are at first patricians; but those of the next year are plebeians and so on year by year alternately. They are elected in the assembly of the tribes, with the consul presiding.

By topic[edit]

Arts[edit]

  • The Abduction of Persephone, detail of a wall painting in Tomb I (Small Tomb) in Vergina, Macedonia, is made (approximate date).


Births[edit]

Deaths[edit]

References[edit]