Alexander Beresford Hope
Sir Alexander James Beresford Beresford Hope PC (25 January 1820 – 20 October 1887), known as Alexander Hope until 1854 (and also known as A. J. B. Hope until 1854 and as A. J. B. Beresford Hope from 1854 onwards), was a British author and Conservative politician.
Beresford Hope was the third and youngest son of Thomas Hope, the writer and patron of art, and his wife the Hon. Louisa Beresford, daughter of William Beresford, 1st Baron Decies, younger son of George Beresford, 1st Marquess of Waterford. The Hope family was of Scottish descent but had been settled in The Netherlands for many years, where they had a successful mercantile and banking business, but had returned to Britain after French troops occupied the country in 1795. Beresford Hope was educated at Harrow and Trinity College, Cambridge. His father died in 1831 and his mother married as her second husband her first cousin General William Beresford, 1st Viscount Beresford. In 1854 he inherited his stepfather's estates, including Bedgebury Park, Kent, and Beresford Hall, Staffordshire, and assumed by Royal license the additional surname of Beresford. His brother was Henry Thomas Hope.
He sat as Member of Parliament for Maidstone from 1841 to 1852 and from 1857 to 1859. He unsuccessfully contested Cambridge University in 1859 and Stoke-upon-Trent in 1862, but was successfully returned for the former constituency in 1865. From 1868 until his death he was one of two representatives for Cambridge University. From 1865 he sat as an independent Conservative. He vehemently opposed the Reform Act of 1867 proposed by Benjamin Disraeli, nicknaming Disraeli "the Asian mystery" (referring to Disraeli's Jewish origins). Disraeli retorted by alluding to Beresford Hope's "Batavian graces" (in reference to his family's Dutch origins). He never held ministerial office but was sworn of the Privy Council in 1880.
Philanthropy and writing
Beresford Hope's most prominent public feature was his ardent support for the Church of England. According to George Wakeling, "in Parliament his voice, in his slow, rather harsh, but very impressive way, would be raised on every Church question". He was especially steadfast in his opposition to the Deceased Wife's Sister Bill.
While at Trinity College in 1839, he was, along with John Mason Neale and Benjamin Webb a founder of the Cambridge Camden Society (later the Ecclesiological Society). He re-established it in 1879 as the St Paul's Ecclesiological Society A very wealthy man, he purchased St Augustine's Abbey in Canterbury in 1844, to rebuild it as a college for missionary clergy. He also supervised the commissioning and construction of the church of All Saints, Margaret Street, London, to the designs of William Butterfield on behalf of the Ecclesiological Society.
Beresford Hope was also a writer on archaeological, architectural, ecclesiastical and artistic subjects and was President of the Royal Institute of British Architects from 1865 to 1867 and a trustee of the British Museum. He co-founded the "Saturday Review" in 1855. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1880. In 1873 he was invited to lay the foundation stone of the new Christ Church in St Leonards-on-Sea, East Sussex.
Beresford Hope married Lady Mildred Arabella Charlotte, daughter of James Gascoyne-Cecil, 2nd Marquess of Salisbury, and sister of Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury, in 1842. They had three sons and seven daughters. Lady Mildred was a leading figure in London society for many years. She died in March 1881. Beresford Hope survived her by six years and died in October 1887, aged 67, at his home in Bedgebury Park, Cranbrook, Kent. He was buried at Kilndown, kent. His daughter, Bridget, married Alban Gibbs, 2nd Baron Aldenham.
- Essays (1844)
- English cathedrals in the XIX. century (1861)
- The social and political bearings of the American disruption (1863)
- Cathedrals in their missionary aspects (1872)
- Hints towards peace in ceremonial matters (1874)
- Worship in the church of England (1874)
- Strictly tied-up (1880)
- The Brandreth (1882)
- Worship and order (1883)
- "Hope [post Beresford-Hope], Alexander James Beresford (HP837AJ)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
- Wakeling, G (1895). The Oxford Church Movement: Sketches and Recollections. London: Swan Sonnenschein & Co. pp. 276–8.
- History of the Society, Ecclesiological Society
- Eastlake, Charles Locke (1872). A History of the Gothic Revival. London: Longmans, Green & Co. pp. 151–2.
- "Library and Archive Catalogue". Royal Society. Retrieved 14 December 2010.
- Funnell, Barry (1975). Christ Church, St Leonards-on-Sea: 1859–1975. St Leonards-on-Sea: Budd & Gillatt. p. 4.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs [self-published source][better source needed]
- Lundy, Darryl. "FAQ". The Peerage.[unreliable source?]
- Article on Alexander Beresford Hope at americancivilwar.org
- Lee, Sidney, ed. (1891). "Hope, Alexander James Beresford". Dictionary of National Biography 27. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Alexander Beresford Hope.|
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Alexander Beresford Hope
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
Benjamin Disraeli and
John Minet Fector
|Member of Parliament for Maidstone
With: George Dodd
George Dodd and
James Whatman and
|Member of Parliament for Maidstone
With: Edward Scott
William Lee and
William Taylor Copeland and
Henry Riversdale Grenfell
|Member of Parliament for Stoke-upon-Trent
With: Henry Riversdale Grenfell
Henry Riversdale Grenfell and
Spencer Horatio Walpole and
Charles Jasper Selwyn
|Member of Parliament for Cambridge University
With: Spencer Horatio Walpole 1868–1882
Henry Cecil Raikes 1882–1887
Henry Cecil Raikes and
Sir George Stokes