Henry Cecil Raikes
|The Right Honourable
Henry Cecil Raikes
Raikes as caricatured by Ape (Carlo Pellegrini) in Vanity Fair, 17 April 1875
|Chairman of Ways and Means|
|Preceded by||John Bonham-Carter|
|Succeeded by||Lyon Playfair|
19 August 1886 – 24 August 1891
|Prime Minister||The Marquess of Salisbury|
|Preceded by||The Lord Wolverton|
|Succeeded by||Sir James Fergusson, Bt|
|Born||18 November 1838
|Died||24 August 1891 (aged 52)
|Alma mater||Trinity College, Cambridge|
Henry Cecil Raikes PC (18 November 1838 – 24 August 1891) was a British Conservative Party politician. He was Chairman of Ways and Means between 1874 and 1880 and served as Postmaster General between 1886 and 1891.
Background and education
Born in Chester, Cheshire, Raikes was the son of Reverend Henry Raikes, Chancellor of the Diocese of Chester, and the grandson of Thomas Raikes, a merchant and banker in London, who was Governor of the Bank of England and a personal friend of prime minister William Pitt the Younger. He was educated at Shrewsbury School and Trinity College, Cambridge.
Raikes was Member of Parliament for Chester between 1868 and 1880, for Preston in 1882 and for Cambridge University between 1882 and 1891. He served as Chairman of the National Union of Conservative and Constitutional Associations from 1869 to 1874. In 1874 he was appointed Chairman of Ways and Means (Deputy Speaker of the House of Commons), a post he held until 1880, when he was sworn of the Privy Council. He later returned to party political life when he served as Postmaster General under Lord Salisbury between 1886 and 1891.
Raikes married Charlotte Blanche, of Plas Teg, Mold, daughter of Charles Blayney Trevor-Roper, on 26 September 1861. They had several children, including Cecil Dacre Staveley Raikes (1874–1947), a Vice-Admiral in the Royal Navy, and Henry St John Digby Raikes, father of the Conservative politician Sir Victor Raikes. The family lived at Llwynegrin Hall, Wales. Raikes died on 24 August 1891, aged 52. Charlotte Raikes survived her husband by over 30 years and died in September 1922.
- Venn, J.; Venn, J. A., eds. (1922–1958). "Raikes, Henry Cecil". Alumni Cantabrigienses (10 vols) (online ed.). Cambridge University Press.
- leighrayment.com House of Commons: Carmarthen East and Dinefwr to Chesterton
- leighrayment.com House of Commons: Plymouth to Putney
- leighrayment.com House of Commons: Caernarfon to Cambridgeshire South West
- Cook & Keith, 'British Historical Facts 1830-1900', 1975 P.93
- The London Gazette: . 19 March 1880.
- The London Gazette: . 20 August 1886.
- Recording of Henry Cecil Raikes made by George Edward Gouraud on behalf of Thomas Edison on October 5, 1888
- thepeerage.com Rt. Hon. Henry Cecil Raikes
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Henry Cecil Raikes
- Portraits of Henry Cecil Raikes at the National Portrait Gallery, London
- Portraits of Mrs Katherine Raikes, daughter in law of Henry Cecil Raikes, Wife of Vice-Admiral Cecil Dacre Staveley Raikes at the National Portrait Gallery, London