Amelia Ann Blanford Edwards (7 June 1831 – 15 April 1892) was an English novelist, journalist, traveller and Egyptologist.
Born in London to an Irish mother and a father who had been a British Army officer before becoming a banker, Edwards was educated at home by her mother, showing considerable promise as a writer at a young age. She published her first poem at the age of 7, her first story at age 12. Edwards thereafter proceeded to publish a variety of poetry, stories and articles in a large number of magazines including Chamber's Journal, Household Words and All the Year Round. She also wrote for the Saturday Review and the Morning Post.
Edwards' first full-length novel was My Brother's Wife (1855). Her early novels were well received, but it was Barbara's History (1864), a novel of bigamy, that solidly established her reputation as a novelist. She spent considerable time and effort on their settings and backgrounds, estimating that it took her about two years to complete the researching and writing of each. This painstaking work paid off when her last novel, Lord Brackenbury (1880), emerged as a run-away success that went to 15 editions. Edwards wrote several ghost stories, including the often anthologised "The Phantom Coach" (1864). 
In the winter of 1873–1874, accompanied by several friends, Edwards toured Egypt, discovering a fascination with the land and its cultures, both ancient and modern. Journeying southwards from Cairo in a hired dahabiyeh (manned houseboat), the companions visited Philae and ultimately reached Abu Simbel where they remained for six weeks. During this last period, a member of Edwards' party, the English painter Andrew McCallum, discovered a previously unknown sanctuary that bore her name for some time afterwards.
Having once returned to the UK, Edwards proceeded to write a vivid description of her Nile voyage, publishing the resulting book in 1877 under the title of A Thousand Miles up the Nile. Enhanced with her own hand-drawn illustrations, the travelogue became an immediate bestseller.
Edwards' travels in Egypt had made her aware of the increasing threat directed towards the ancient monuments by tourism and modern development. Determined to stem these threats by the force of public awareness and scientific endeavour, Edwards became a tireless public advocate for the research and preservation of the ancient monuments and, in 1882, co-founded the Egypt Exploration Fund (now the Egypt Exploration Society) with Reginald Stuart Poole, curator of the Department of Coins and Medals at the British Museum. Edwards was to serve as joint Honorary Secretary of the Fund until her death some 14 years later.
With the aims of advancing the Fund's work, Edwards largely abandoned her other literary work to concentrate solely on Egyptology. In this field she contributed to the ninth edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica, to the American supplement of that work, and to the Standard Dictionary. As part of her efforts Edwards embarked on an ambitious lecture tour of the United States in the period 1889–1890. The content of these lectures was later published under the title Pharaohs, Fellahs, and Explorers.
Death and legacy
After catching influenza Amelia Edwards died on 15 April 1892 at Weston-super-Mare. She had lived at Westbury-on-Trym, Bristol since 1864. She bequeathed her collection of Egyptian antiquities and her library to University College London, together with a sum of £2,500 to found an Edwards Chair of Egyptology. She was buried in St Mary's Church, Henbury, Bristol. Her grave is marked by an obelisk at the foot of which lies a stone ankh.
In 2012 Amelia Edwards was portrayed as a (non-singing) character in Stephen Metcalf's production of Aida performed in the round at the Royal Albert Hall. The opera opened with a Victorian "dig" among Egyptian tombs and the action unfolded as Amelia Edwards imagined the plot taking place based on her exploration of the site. Aida was based on a story by the Egyptologist Auguste Mariette, Edwards' contemporary.
- Bleiler, E. F., "Edwards, Amelia B." in Sullivan, Jack, (ed.) The Penguin Encyclopedia of Horror and the Supernatural. p.140. Viking, New York. 1986. ISBN 0-670-80902-0
- Benjamin F. Fisher IV, "Amelia B. Edwards", in E. F. Bleiler, ed. Supernatural Fiction Writers. New York: Scribner's, 1985. (pp.255-260) . ISBN 0-684-17808-7
- Edwards, Amelia B.: A Thousand Miles Up the Nile. London, G. Routledge & Sons, 1891.
- Edwards, Amelia A Thousand Miles up the Nile London: Longmans, 1877 (Second Edition)
-  A Thousand Miles up the Nile (book)
- Edwards, Amelia Pharaohs, Fellahs, and Explorers New York: Harper & Brothers, 1891 (online)
- Matthew, H.C.G and Harrison, Brian, eds.(2004). Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, pp. 908–909. Oxford University Press, New York. ISBN 0-19-861367-9.
- Rees, Joan (1998). Amelia Edwards: Traveller, Novelist and Egyptologist, pp. 19 and 66. Rubicon Press, London. ISBN 0-948695-61-7.
- Rees, Joan (1998). Amelia Edwards: Traveller, Novelist and Egyptologist, p. 69. Rubicon Press, London. ISBN 0-948695-61-7.
- Adams, Amanda: Ladies of the Field, Greystone Books, 2010.
- Moon, Brenda E.: More usefully employed : Amelia B. Edwards, writer, traveller and campaigner for ancient Egypt. London : Egypt Exploration Society, 2006.
- Rees, Joan: Amelia Edwards : traveller, novelist & Egyptologist. London : Rubicon Press, c1998.
- Rees, Joan. Women on the Nile: Writings of Harriet Martineau, Florence Nightingale, and Amelia Edwards. Rubicon Press: 1995, 2008
|Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Edwards, Amelia Ann Blandford.|
- Online books, and library resources in your library and in other libraries about Amelia Edwards
- Online books, and library resources in your library and in other libraries by Amelia Edwards
- Amelia Edwards biography from A Celebration of Women Writers
- Works by Amelia Edwards at Project Gutenberg
- Amelia B. Edwards public domain audiobooks from LibriVox
- "Mummy", an article by Amelia Edwards from Encyclopædia Britannica, 9th Edition, Volume XVII (1884)
- A Thousand Miles up the Nile (Reprint of the Routledge & Sons 1890 edition) from Norton Creek Press