||This biographical article needs additional citations for verification. (April 2013)|
|Member of the Sejm|
9 October 2011
|Vice-chairman of the Law and Justice|
23 November 2013
|Head of the Military Counterintelligence Service|
4 December 2006 – 5 November 2007
|Succeeded by||Janusz Nosek|
|Minister of Internal Affairs|
23 December 1991 – 20 June 1992
|Prime Minister||Jan Olszewski|
|Preceded by||Henryk Majewski|
|Succeeded by||Andrzej Milczanowski|
August 3, 1948 |
|Political party||Law and Justice from 2012|
|Catholic-National Movement (1997–2012)|
|Alma mater||University of Warsaw|
Antoni Macierewicz (born 3 August 1948 in Warsaw) is a Polish politician, anti-communist activist, member of Sejm, journalist and a former internal affairs minister, former vice-minister of national defence in Jarosław Kaczyński's government, and current parliamentary representative.
Early years and activity during the Communist Poland
He is the youngest of three children of Zdzisław and Maria Macierewicz. His father, a scientist and noted researcher in chemistry, a soldier in the Home Army during World War II and a member of the Labor Party (Stronnictwo Pracy), committed suicide under pressure from the communist Secret Police soon after his youngest son had been born. After getting his masters degree in history from Warsaw University Macierewicz began doctoral studies in the history of South America at the Polish Academy of Sciences in Warsaw, but due to his involvement in the 1968 Polish political crisis he was arrested and his studies terminated. From 1968 to 1989 he was a prominent member of the democratic opposition to communist rule and one of the founders of the Workers' Defence Committee (KOR), working together with Jacek Kuroń and Adam Michnik, and together they started publishing monthly Głos in 1977. He was one of the organizers of the Solidarity (Polish trade union) in Warsaw. He was arrested and interned after Wojciech Jaruzelski's junta imposed martial law in Poland on December 13, 1981. He escaped from the prison in Nowy Łupków and was in hiding until 1984. In 1988 he was a member of the Solidarity Citizens' Committee.
Third Republic of Poland: 1990 to the present
He was Minister of Internal Affairs in Jan Olszewski's government (1991–1992). As a minister responsible for the police and security services, he was afforded full access to the former communist documentary archives including records of communist intelligence and secret service agents. On May 28, 1992 the Polish Parliament passed law that the Minister of Internal Affairs had to provide the Sejm with a list of then senators, representatives, ministers, voivodes, judges and prosecutors who had been secret communist agents between 1945-1990 (the military's secret agents were excluded). On 4 June 1992, Macierewicz provided a list of 64 members of the government and parliament (but not voivodes) that had been listed as secret agents in the archives of the communist secret police to the Convent of Senior Parliamentarians (Konwent Seniorów), and also he provided the second list containing just 2 names of highest importance, of the president Lech Wałęsa and then Marshall of Sejm Wiesław Chrzanowski.
As the crisis had been unfolding, prior to the lists' presentation, on May 29, 1992 the opposition parties submitted a motion of no confidence asking for a vote on the fate of Olszewski's government. On the night of June 4/5 1992, after the presentation of the lists, the motion of no confidence was granted and Olszewski's government was dismissed - the situation well depicted in the documentary Nocna zmiana (Night Shift). Olszewski defending his minister, named the actions of Macierewicz ‘itself a concerted conspiracy perpetrated by circles of former high ranking communist secret police officers’ aimed at dismembering his government and thwart plans to purge off former communists from public offices and services.
In 1992 Macierewicz founded his own party (Polish Action) which soon ceased to exist. Then he repaired his relations with Olszewski and joined his party (Movement for Reconstruction of Poland) and became his deputy in 1996. He ran for parliament on the Olszewski ‘s party ticket. Later he left Olszewski again in 1997 to set up his own National Catholic Movement. In 2001 he joined a different party, the League of Polish Families and on their ticket was re-elected to parliament in 2001 but left them due to differences. In 2002 he tried to run for the mayor of Warsaw coming 8th on the ballot with 1.09% of popular vote.
Following the successful campaign of Lech Kaczyński and his twin brother in 2005 (presidential and parliamentary election) Macierewicz was called up by prime minister Jarosław Kaczyński to the post of deputy defense minister.
In July 2006, he was appointed to lead the closing of the Military Information Services, and upon finishing his task from October 2006 he was the chief of the newly restructured military counter-intelligence service until the fall of Kaczyński government. On 16 February 2007 the closure report was published in Polish Monitor and it is known as Raport Macierewicza. Later it was proven that the report contained a lot of fabricated information; and the Ministry of Defense had to pay over one million PLN for Macierewicz's slander.
In 2006, Macierewicz claimed that "most of hitherto Ministers of Foreign Affairs of the III Republic of Poland were agents of the Soviet Special Services." This position was widely criticized, not only by the opposition, but also by his formal supervisor Radek Sikorski. Wladyslaw Bartoszewski, who used to be Minister of Foreign Affairs, resigned from the position of the chairman of the Polish Foreign Affairs Institute. Nevertheless, Macierewicz was supported by Lech Kaczynski, president of Poland.
Since July 20, 2010 Macierewicz, a member of the Sejm, has created a parliamentary committee ("Zespół Parlamentarny Ds. Zbadania Przyczyn Katastrofy TU-154M z 10 kwietnia 2010 r.") to disprove results of investigation into the 2010 Polish Air Force Tu-154 crash and to convince the public that the crash was, in fact, an assassination. On June 29–30, 2011 the committee published "Biała Księga Smoleńskiej Tragedii" (White Book of Smolensk Tragedy), where some 170,000 documents were published on their websites and 19 causes of the crash presented, pointing to Polish and Russian causes of the crash. Therefore he became a target of some pro-Russian Polish journalists and so-called "experts in the field" trying to discredit his findings.
- official speeches made by Olszewski in his televised address to the nation relayed in prime time after main edition of the news in TVP1 and TVP2 – both channels of national television 4/5 June 1992
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