Anzin

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Anzin
Sainte Barbe
Sainte Barbe
Coat of arms of Anzin
Coat of arms
Anzin is located in France
Anzin
Anzin
Coordinates: 50°22′20″N 3°30′18″E / 50.3722°N 3.505°E / 50.3722; 3.505Coordinates: 50°22′20″N 3°30′18″E / 50.3722°N 3.505°E / 50.3722; 3.505
Country France
Region Nord-Pas-de-Calais
Department Nord
Arrondissement Valenciennes
Canton Anzin
Intercommunality Valenciennes Métropole
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Pierre-Michel Bernard
Area1 3.64 km2 (1.41 sq mi)
Population (2009)2 13,646
 • Density 3,700/km2 (9,700/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 59014 / 59410
Elevation 18–95 m (59–312 ft)
(avg. 15 m or 49 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Anzin is a commune in the Nord department in northern France. It lies on the Scheldt, 1-½ miles northwest of Valenciennes, of which it is a suburb.

History[edit]

Anzin was once the centre of important coal mines of the Valenciennes basin belonging to the Anzin Company, the formation of which dates to 1717. The commune's first coal layer of the area in 1734. The company of the mines of Anzin was created in 1757. In 1884 these mines were visited by Émile Zola, who based his novel Germinal upon his observations. The metallurgical industries of the place are extensive, and include iron and copper founding and the manufacture of steam-engines, machinery, chain-cables and a great variety of heavy iron goods. There are also glass-works and breweries.

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1793 2,982 —    
1800 3,096 +3.8%
1806 3,338 +7.8%
1821 3,863 +15.7%
1831 4,255 +10.1%
1836 4,182 −1.7%
1841 4,191 +0.2%
1846 4,422 +5.5%
1851 5,006 +13.2%
1856 5,855 +17.0%
1861 6,305 +7.7%
1866 7,283 +15.5%
1872 7,990 +9.7%
1876 9,009 +12.8%
1881 10,043 +11.5%
1886 10,656 +6.1%
1891 11,538 +8.3%
1896 12,768 +10.7%
1901 14,444 +13.1%
1906 14,387 −0.4%
1911 14,439 +0.4%
1921 13,790 −4.5%
1926 15,300 +10.9%
1931 16,090 +5.2%
1936 14,804 −8.0%
1946 14,235 −3.8%
1954 15,658 +10.0%
1962 16,275 +3.9%
1968 15,634 −3.9%
1975 14,866 −4.9%
1982 14,602 −1.8%
1990 14,064 −3.7%
1999 14,058 −0.0%
2006 14,051 −0.0%
2009 13,646 −2.9%

Popular culture[edit]

Bertrand Tavernier directed his film Ça commence aujourd'hui in Anzin in 1999.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • INSEE commune file
  • Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 
  • See Reed G. Geiger, The Anzin Coal Company, 1830-1833. Univ of Delaware Press, 1974.