He retained his seat in the 2009 elections, having been placed second on the Shas list, and was appointed Minister of Housing and Construction in the Netanyahu government. On 2 July 2009, it was reported that Atias had called for the segregation of Israel's Arab population from Jewish Israelis, saying that achieving it was "a national duty... populations that should not mix are spreading... I don't think that it is appropriate [for them] to live together". Following the 2013 Knesset Election, the Shas party was not included in the new governing coalition. Atias left the Ministry of Housing and Construction. 
He is the father of four and currently resides in Jerusalem.