Association of Spanish Language Academies

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Association of Spanish Language Academies
Coat of Arms of ASALE.svg
Países con academia de la lengua española.png
Countries where Spanish-language academies exist.
Abbreviation ASALE
Motto "Una estirpe, una lengua y un destino" ("One lineage, one language, and one destiny")
Formation 1951 (1951)
Headquarters Madrid, Spain
Official language Spanish
President José Manuel Blecua
Main organ International Congress
Website www.asale.org

The Association of Spanish Language Academies (Spanish: Asociación de Academias de la Lengua Española) is the entity which regulates the Spanish language. It was created in Mexico in 1951 and represents the union of all the separate academies in the Spanish-speaking world.

Through the initiative of then-president of Mexico Miguel Alemán Valdés, the First Congress of Academies convened with the purpose of maintaining the integrity of and fostering the further growth of Spanish. The meeting was held from April 23 to May 6, 1951 and resulted in the creation of the association and its permanent commission. The Real Academia Española (RAE) was not present at the initial meeting but participated in the Permanent Commission. Ever since the Second Congress convened in 1956, the RAE has been a regular participant.

The collaboration between RAE and the other academies was expressed in the coauthorship of the Diccionario de la RAE (starting from the 22nd edition, published in 2001), and the 1999 edition of the Ortografía was considered a true pan-Hispanic work. Joint projects include the editing of the Gramática and the compilation of the Diccionario de americanismos. In 2000 the Association organized the School of Hispanic Lexicography and the Carolina Foundation to promote Spanish lexicography.

Together with the RAE, the Association earned the Prince of Asturias Award for Peace in 2000.

There is no regulatory body for Equatorial Guinea, which is majority Hispanic nor for Belize which is one-third Hispanic. Spanish is also spoken in Andorra and Gibraltar, which border Spain.

Organization[edit]

The Association convenes every four years, led by a permanent commission composed of a president, secretary general, the RAE treasurer, and four board members drawn from the associated academies and which rotate annually. During the Third Congress of Academies, held in Bogotá, Colombia, in 1960, an agreement was reached whereby the governments of countries with a member in the Association would be obliged to provide financial support to their respective academies and the greater Association.

Academies[edit]

Country Name in Spanish Name in English Year of foundation
Spain Real Academia Española Royal Spanish Academy 1713
Colombia Academia Colombiana de la Lengua Colombian Academy of the Language 1871
Ecuador Academia Ecuatoriana de la Lengua Ecuadorian Academy of the Language 1874
Mexico Academia Mexicana de la Lengua Mexican Academy of the Language 1875
El Salvador Academia Salvadoreña de la Lengua Salvadoran Academy of the Language 1876
Venezuela Academia Venezolana de la Lengua Venezuelan Academy of the Language 1883
Chile Academia Chilena de la Lengua Chilean Academy of the Language 1885
Peru Academia Peruana de la Lengua Peruvian Academy of the Language 1887
Guatemala Academia Guatemalteca de la Lengua Guatemalan Academy of the Language 1887
Costa Rica Academia Costarricense de la Lengua Costa Rican Academy of the Language 1923
Philippines Academia Filipina de la Lengua Española Philippine Academy of the Spanish Language 1924
Panama Academia Panameña de la Lengua Panamanian Academy of the Language 1926
Cuba Academia Cubana de la Lengua Cuban Academy of the Language 1926
Paraguay Academia Paraguaya de la Lengua Española Paraguayan Academy of the Spanish Language 1927
Dominican Republic Academia Dominicana de la Lengua Dominican Academy of the Language 1927
Bolivia Academia Boliviana de la Lengua Bolivian Academy of the Language 1927
Nicaragua Academia Nicaragüense de la Lengua Nicaraguan Academy of the Language 1928
Argentina Academia Argentina de Letras Argentine Academy of Letters 1931
Uruguay Academia Nacional de Letras National Academy of Letters 1943
Honduras Academia Hondureña de la Lengua Honduran Academy of the Language 1949
Puerto Rico Academia Puertorriqueña de la Lengua Española Puerto Rican Academy of the Spanish Language 1955
United States Academia Norteamericana de la Lengua Española North American Academy of the Spanish Language 1973

See also[edit]

External links[edit]