Austin Murphy

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Austin John Murphy
Austin Murphy.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's 20th district
In office
January 3, 1993 – January 3, 1995
Preceded by Joseph Gaydos
Succeeded by Frank Mascara
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's 22nd district
In office
January 3, 1977 – January 3, 1993
Preceded by Thomas Morgan
Succeeded by District eliminated
Member of the Pennsylvania Senate
from the 46th district
In office
January 5, 1971 – January 4, 1977[1]
Preceded by William Lane
Succeeded by Barry Stout
Constituency Parts of Greene, Fayette, and Washington Counties[2]
Member of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives
from the 48th district
In office
January 7, 1969 – November 19, 1970
Preceded by District created
Succeeded by Barry Stout
Constituency Parts of Washington County[3]
Member of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives
from the Washington County district
In office
January 6, 1959 – November 30, 1968
Personal details
Born (1927-06-17) June 17, 1927 (age 87)
North Charleroi, Pennsylvania
Political party Democratic
Alma mater Duquesne University
University of Pittsburgh
Military service
Allegiance  United States
Service/branch U.S. Marine Corps
Years of service 1944–1946

Austin John Murphy (born June 17, 1927) was a Democratic member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Pennsylvania from 1977 to 1995.

Born in North Charleroi, Pennsylvania, Murphy grew up in New London, Connecticut. He later returned to Charleroi and served in the United States Marine Corps from 1944 to 1946. He earned a B.A. at Duquesne University in 1949 and an LL.B. at the University of Pittsburgh in 1952 and was admitted to the Pennsylvania bar in 1953. He practiced law in Washington, Pennsylvania, and was an assistant district attorney for Washington County from 1956 to 1957. Murphy started his political career as a member of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives, where he served from 1959 to 1971. He then served in the Pennsylvania State Senate from 1971 to 1977.[2] In 1976, he was elected to the United States House of Representatives, replacing longtime incumbent Thomas E. Morgan. He served as a delegate to the Democratic National Conventions in 1984 and 1988.

Scandals[edit]

In 1990, Murphy's opponent in the Democratic primary, William Nicolella, accused Murphy, a husband and father, of living a double life, having an affair with another woman in Washington, with whom he had a son out of wedlock. Nicolella later presented a secretly recorded videotape showing Murphy leaving the home of his Washington mistress. Murphy acknowledged fathering a child out of wedlock, but steadfastly rejected accusations of a double life. Murphy was also reprimanded by the 100th Congress in December 1987 for ghost voting and misusing House funds. He diverted government resources to his former law firm, had a ghost employee on his House payroll and had someone else cast votes for him in the House. The scandal ultimately led to his decision not to seek reelection in 1994.

In May, 1999, Murphy was indicted by a Fayette County grand jury of engaging in voter fraud. He was charged with forgery, conspiracy and tampering with public records. Murphy insisted that he was only trying to help elderly nursing home residents fill out paperwork that accompanied an absentee ballot. According to the grand jury, Murphy and two others forged absentee ballots for residents of the nursing home and then added Murphy's wife, Eileen Murphy, as a write-in candidate for township election judge. The next month, following closed-door negotiations, all but one of the voter fraud charges were dropped. Following the hearing, he left the building by a back door to avoid an angry crowd outside. He was sentenced to six months probation and fifty hours of community service.

See also[edit]

References[edit]