Avenue Road

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This article is about a street in Toronto. For the Tramlink stop in London, see Avenue Road tram stop. For other uses, see avenue (disambiguation).

Avenue Road Toronto.PNG

Avenue Road
Route information
Maintained by City of Toronto
Length: 9.0 km[1] (5.6 mi)
Major junctions
South end: Bloor Street
  St. Clair Avenue
Eglinton Avenue
Lawrence Avenue
Wilson Avenue
 Highway 401
North end: Bombay Avenue
(continues as University Avenue)
Location
Major cities: Toronto
Highway system

Roads in Ontario

Nearby arterial roads
← Bathurst Street Avenue Road Yonge Street →
The Anglican Church of the Messiah on Avenue Road.

Avenue Road is a major north-south street in Toronto, Ontario. The road is a continuation of University Avenue, linked to it via Queen's Park and Queen's Park Crescent East and West to form a single through route.[2] Until January 1, 1998, these roads were designated Highway 11A.

Route[edit]

Avenue Road, the western limit of the former town of Yorkville, officially begins at Bloor Street and ends just north of Highway 401. At its southern terminus, it runs between two of Toronto's major hotels, the Park Hyatt (on the northwest corner of Bloor and Avenue Road) and the Four Seasons Hotel. On the northeast corner of the intersection with Bloor is the Church of the Redeemer. For much of its length the road is fairly residential, with a mix of small businesses, as well as a few large schools and churches. A notable site along this "lower section" is the Hare Krishna Temple, formerly the Avenue Road Church, opposite Dupont Street and across the street from the Anglican Church of The Messiah. Just north of St. Clair Avenue, Avenue Road is interrupted by Upper Canada College, ending at Lonsdale Road and resuming again at Kilbarry Road. The primary traffic route runs east of the school, following widened sections of Lonsdale Road and Oriole Parkway and returning to Avenue Road via Oxton Avenue. (The short section of Avenue Road from Kilbarry to Oxton is an ordinary two-lane side street.).[2]

North of Eglinton Avenue, the former St. James-Bond Church once stood. This building, which used to house two prime downtown congregations – St. James Square (formerly Presbyterian), and Bond Street (formerly Congregationalist) – was built in the late 1920s, and closed in June 2005. It has since been demolished. Near Lawrence Avenue is Havergal College, a large private girls' school. Although in the former city of North York, much of the area considers the school part of North Toronto.

Avenue Road ends at Bombay Avenue, just after crossing Highway 401 (exit 367).[2] Originally, Avenue Road continued from what is now the interchange by angling northeast via the Hogg's Hollow Bridge (across the Don River West Branch) to end at Yonge Street; this section of the road was incorporated into Highway 401 when it was constructed in the 1950s.

A few miles north of Toronto's Avenue Road, there is a separate Avenue Road in Richmond Hill, running almost due north of the Toronto one.

Name[edit]

The thoroughfare's listing at face value could be considered unusual and contradictory-sounding and even lazily unimaginative by even seasoned urban planners; Robert Fulford once wrote that it "sounded like an identity crisis with pavement",[3] but the typical reaction is really shibbolethic however, Avenue Road is a common street name elsewhere, notably London, where at least 40 streets bear this name.[4] The word Avenue in British-English means a row of trees, hence Avenue Road meaning a street lined with trees. In American-English, Avenue is synonymous with street, and does not necessarily connote trees, so therefore when one expresses dismay at the corridor's identity, it is indicative of one's disattachment from British culture in favor of the American identity.

There is a joke about how Avenue Road got its name. According to local legend, Lieutenant Governor John Graves Simcoe was surveying the old town of York and came to a spot on Bloor Street and pointed north. He said (in an English accent), "Let's 'av a new road!"

Public Transit[edit]

Public transit along Avenue Road is provided by the Toronto Transit Commission, on three different bus routes. The two main full-service routes are the 5 Avenue Road, and the 61 Avenue Road North, which provide service south and north of Eglinton Avenue respectively. The former originates from Eglinton station and takes commuters into downtown, and the latter originates from a bus loop at the northern end (Bombay Avenue) and feeds into Eglinton station. There is also an express route, 142 Avenue Road Express, which runs the length of the road, for a direct ride into downtown and the Financial District. It runs during rush hours only and requires a double fare.

Landmarks[edit]

Landmark Cross street Notes Image
Queen's Park Queens Park Cres Queen's Park.JPG
Emmanuel College Queens Park Cres Emmanuel college toronto1.jpg
University of Toronto Faculty of Law Queens Park Cres Flavellelaw.JPG
Museum subway station Queens Park Cres University-Spadina line MuseumSubwayStation.jpg
Annesley Hall Bloor St University of Toronto residence Annesley Hall.JPG
Gardiner Museum Bloor St GardinerMuseum.jpg
McLaughlin Planetarium Bloor St Closed, and to be demolished McLaughlinPlanetarium-July5-08.jpg
Royal Ontario Museum Bloor St Royal Ontario Museum (outside view, 2005).jpg
Park Hyatt Toronto Bloor St Park Plaza Hotel.JPG
Church of the Redeemer Bloor St Church of the Redeemer, Toronto.JPG
Renaissance Plaza Bloor St Renaissance Plaza, Toronto, Canada - 20051226.jpg
Four Seasons Hotel Toronto Bloor St
Yorkville Bloor St Upscale shopping district Saturday afternoon in Yorkville.jpg
Hazelton Lanes Bloor St
Hare Krishna Temple Dupont St Formerly Avenue Road Church Hare Krishna, Toronto.JPG
Church of the Messiah Dupont St Church of the Messiah, Toronto.JPG
De La Salle College St Clair De La Salle College Photo.jpg
Deer Park United Church St Clair Closed since 2010 Deer Park United.jpg
Upper Canada College Lonsdale Road Avenue Road is interrupted by UCC UCC quadrangle.JPG
Marshall McLuhan Catholic Secondary School Eglinton Ave
Havergal College Lawrence Ave Havergal College.JPG
Armour Heights Public Library Wilson Ave TPL Armour Heights.JPG

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Google Maps showing Avenue Road's entire length". Retrieved 2010-11-25. 
  2. ^ a b c Toronto Pocket Street Atlas, MapArt Publishing, 2000
  3. ^ Robert Fulford. Accidental City: The Transformation of Toronto.
  4. ^ Collins Street Atlas: M25 London Master, Collins, 2001

External links[edit]