Avondale, Newfoundland and Labrador

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Avondale
Town
River flow toward Conception Bay
River flow toward Conception Bay
Official seal of Avondale
Seal
Avondale is located in Newfoundland
Avondale
Avondale
Location of Avondale in Newfoundland
Coordinates: 47°25′08″N 53°11′38″W / 47.41889°N 53.19389°W / 47.41889; -53.19389
Country  Canada
Province  Newfoundland and Labrador
Census division 1
Area
 • Total 19.93 km2 (7.70 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 636
Time zone Newfoundland Time (UTC-3:30)
 • Summer (DST) Newfoundland Daylight (UTC-2:30)
Area code(s) 709

Avondale is a Canadian town located on Newfoundland's Avalon Peninsula in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador.

The community is situated at the southwestern head of Conception Bay in Division No. 1. It is located 59 km (37 mi) southwest of St. John's and 72 km (45 mi) northeast of Placentia.

Prior to January 1, 1898 Avondale was known as Salmon Cove[citation needed] but was renamed to avoid confusion with two other nearby communities of the same name in the Port de Grave and Brigus Districts. The name Avondale was suggested[citation needed] by the parish priest Rev John Roe because of the resemblance to his native area in Ireland, taking the name from Thomas Moore's poem, "The Meeting of the Waters".[citation needed] Earliest record of settlement per Fishing Room Grants is for John Mahaney in 1773,[citation needed] a census of 1812 reports 12 inhabitants. Settlers to the area were primarily Irish Roman Catholic with a smaller number of Jersey French and English.[citation needed] Avondale incorporated the communities of Salmon Cove, Gasters, Northern Arm, and Southern Arm.

In 1863, the Anglo American Telegraph Company set up a repeater station[citation needed] which was eventually taken over by the Reid Newfoundland Railway Company[citation needed] in the late 1880s when the Newfoundland Railway was constructed through the area and a station was built. In addition to the railway station, it also hosted a post office, a money order office, and one church. It functioned as a lumbering, fishing and farming settlement in what was known as the Harbour Main District. The population dwindled in the early 1900s as men began migrating to the eastern US (Boston and New York) to find work.[citation needed]

Its first postmaster was Edward Kennedy[citation needed] who came to the area in 1889 after the railway was built. CN Rail abandoned its railway operations on Newfoundland in 1988 (see: Terra Transport). The Avondale railway station remains preserved along with a small display of retired railway cars and a locomotive. The Avondale station is the oldest railway station in the province.[citation needed]

Avondale has lost approximately one third of its population since 1976 when it numbered 937 residents.[citation needed]

Demographics
  Population in 2006     667  
  Population change from 2001     -4.9%  
  Median age (2001)     39.9  
  Number of families (2001)    210  
  Number of married couples (2001)    145  
  Total number of dwellings (2006)    313  
  Catholic (2001)     94.3%  
  Protestant (2001)     5.7%  
  2006 Land Area (km².)     29.93  

Statistics Canada detail demographics follow link

North: Conception Bay
West: Conception Harbour
Avondale
East: Harbour Main-Chapel's Cove-Lakeview
South: Division No. 1, Subd. O

See also[edit]

Coordinates: 47°25′08″N 53°11′38″W / 47.41889°N 53.19389°W / 47.41889; -53.19389

References[edit]