|• Mayor||Bernhard Schönau (FDP)|
|• Total||123.11 km2 (47.53 sq mi)|
|Elevation||202 m (663 ft)|
|• Density||140/km2 (370/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
It was first mentioned in historical records ca. 932, as a village named "Salzaha". The city name was changed to Langensalza ca. 1578, and "Bad" or "Bath" was added to the city name in 1956.
The city was plundered and damaged by fires during the Thirty Years' War (c. 1632). Fires again destroyed large parts of the city in 1711, including complete destruction of the city hall. The city hall was rebuilt between 1742-1752.
War again affected the city during 1756-1763, during the Seven Years' War; it was the scene of a battle in February 1761. In 1815 Langensalza became part of the Prussian Province of Saxony. In 1866 it was again the site of a battle between Prussia and Hanover during the Austro-Prussian War.
American troops occupied the city in 1945.
The sulphur baths were discovered in 1811, and opened to the public as a curative bath in 1812. A new version of the public sulphur bath was opened in 1928. Salt and mineral water springs were discovered in 1996, which prompted the opening of many new curative facilities.
Bad Langensalza is twinned with:
- "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden, erfüllenden Gemeinden und Verwaltungsgemeinschaften nach Geschlecht in Thüringen". Thüringer Landesamt für Statistik (in German). 13 July 2013.
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Langensalza". Encyclopædia Britannica 16 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 174
- "Official site" (in German). Retrieved March 2013.
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