Baden-Powell Scouts' Association
|Baden-Powell Scouts' Association|
|Chief Commissioner||Graham Rutherford|
|Affiliation||World Federation of Independent Scouts|
The Baden-Powell Scouts' Association (B-PSA) is a youth organisation in the United Kingdom, with affiliations in various countries. Baden-Powell Scouting focuses on the importance of tradition in the Scout Movement. Japan, Argentina, Malaysia, Germany, Denmark, Ghana, Canada and the United States have traditional organisations that are affiliated to the Baden-Powell Scouts' Association (B-PSA).
The Baden-Powell Scouts' Association shares the heritage of the youth Scouting Movement, however they believe in a traditional way of Scouting which closely follows the program set out by Lt. General Robert Baden-Powell in his book: Scouting for Boys.
The Baden-Powell Scouts' Association was formed in the United Kingdom in 1970 when it was felt that The Scout Association was abandoning the traditions and intentions set out by Baden-Powell in 1908. The Baden-Powell Scouts retain the belief that the essence of the movement should be based on outdoor activities related to the skills of explorers, backwoodsmen and frontiersmen.
It is a voluntary, non-formal educational charity movement for young people. It is an independent, non-political, and non-military program. The B-PSA believes this program should be available to everyone, youth and adult, regardless of religious beliefs, gender, or sexual orientation.
As an independent Scout Association, they are members of the World Federation of Independent Scouts (WFIS). The WFIS was formed in Laubach, Germany, in 1996 by Lawrie Dring, President of the B-PSA, a British Scouter with The Baden-Powell Scouts' Association (B-PSA). This is a world body that recognises Independent Scouts Associations in countries across the globe which teach traditional Baden-Powell Scouting values. Their aim is to improve the standard of our future citizens with the object of using their efficiency for service for their fellows.
In 1907, General Robert Baden-Powell was inspecting 7,000 members of the Boy's Brigade at Glasgow. Sir William Smith, the founder of The Boy's Brigade, asked Baden-Powell if he had ever considered rewriting his training manual for soldiers, "Aids To Scouting for N.C.O.s and Men" to make it appeal to boys. As a result of this conversation Baden-Powell ran an experimental camp for 20 boys at Brownsea Island Scout camp to test out theories on providing activities for boys. Although there was no Scout association at that time, the Brownsea Camp is considered to mark the start of the Scout Movement.
In 1908 Baden-Powell's Scouting for Boys was published as a series of booklets, which suggested activities that existing youth organisations could make use of. Scout Patrols and Scout Troops formed around the country following the principles set out in Baden-Powell's work. In 1910 this led Baden-Powell to form The Boy Scouts Association as a national body to organise and support the Scout Patrols and Scout Troops.
The Boy Scouts Association continued to follow the programme established by Baden-Powell until 1967, and the publication of the The Chief Scouts' Advance Party Report, which introduced major changes to the name, uniform, sections and programme.
In 1969 a pressure group was formed within The Scout Association, known as The Scout Action Group. They did not agree with elements of the changes proposed by the Advance Party Report, and asked that Groups wishing to maintain a more traditional approach to Scouting should be allowed to do so.
In mid-1970 The Scout Action Group published A Boy Scout Black Paper, which outlined their views. As a result of the discussions, the whole organisation factioned into two groups on 20 September 1970 – The Scout Association and The Baden-Powell Scouts' Association.
In 1979, due to internal arguments, The Baden-Powell Scouts' Association split into two separate organisations, with both claiming the name and charity number of the Association. The two factions reconciled their differences in June 1990, and in 1994 there were nearly 70 Groups in the association.
In the 1990s there was a dip in the number of active Groups in the Baden-Powell Scouts' Association, in common with a fall in numbers experienced by the various United Kingdom scout organisations at that time, and the number of Groups had dropped to around 40 in 2001. The Baden-Powell Scouts' Association, as with scouting in the United Kingdom generally, has shown subsequent growth in numbers with the opening of new groups.
The B-PSA celebrated 100 years of Scouting in 2007, issuing centenary badges and holding their own Centenary Camp in Southampton. 
In 2008, leaders from the association put aside their association differences and organised Jamboree 2008, an event that was aimed at bringing all of the various factions of Scouting back together for an event marking the centenary of the first official Scout Camp held by Baden-Powell at Humshaugh. The event included parades at Hexham Abbey and a ceremony at the original Carr Edge camp site.
Aims, methods and ideals
The main policy is Traditional Scouting – which is taking Baden-Powell's original 9 Scout Laws and the later 10th Scout Law and using them, along with Baden-Powell's original training programme and rank system.
Once a Scout is invested Baden-Powell believed that he would continue to live the Scout Law. This law is kept by Scouts from the age of ten and Adult Leaders must renew their promise on regular occasions. The original Scout Law, written by Baden-Powell, appeared in 1908. The Baden-Powell Scouts' Association uses his 1911 version, which is as follows:
- A Scout's honour is to be trusted
- A Scout is Loyal to the King and to his officers, and to his country, and to his employers.
- A Scout's duty is to be useful and to help others.
- A Scout is a friend to all and a brother to every other Scout, no matter to what social class the other belongs.
- A Scout is Courteous.
- A Scout is a friend to animals.
- A Scout obeys orders of his patrol leader or scout master without question.
- A Scout smiles and whistles under all difficulties.
- A Scout is thrifty.
- A Scout is clean in thought, word and deed.
The Baden-Powell Scouts' Association hold to the ideals of Scouting that were created by Baden-Powell. The association's heritage dates back to the foundations of Scouting in the UK in 1908. The association follows a charter set down in their Policy Association Rules. They have no paid Executive Staff or Leaders.
The traditional programme also develops a sense of duty, personal discipline and honour. In addition to a wide range of activities Scouts in the B-PSA continue to practise traditional Scouting skills:
- lighting fire by friction
- navigating by means other than a compass
- backwoods cooking
- camping in self erected "bivvys"
The Baden-Powell Scouts' Association is affiliated to the umbrella organisation The World Federation of Independent Scouts. They are also affiliated with other traditional scout associations around the world. The Baden-Powell Scouts use the original programmes and wear traditional uniforms. Wolf Cubs continue to use the Grand Howl at the beginning of their meetings.
The advancement program for members of The Baden-Powell Scouts' Association is symbolised by the earning of staged badges. Merit badges and rank may be earned by any registered member of the association.
In Wolf Cubs this consists of Tenderpad, First Star and Second Star – working towards the final award of Leaping Wolf. The First and Second Stars are worn on the Cub's cap, this positioning leading them to sometimes be referred to as one then both eyes open.
In the Scouts section they use the same ranks as in Scouting for Boys with Tenderfoot, Second Class, First Class, and the Scout Cord. Senior Scouts can earn the Bushman's Cord (with variations for Air and Sea Scouts) and the St. George's Scout award, which takes the place of the Queen's Scout award. Rover Scouts are able to earn the Baden-Powell Award.
The requirements for these badges, and the overall designs of the award badges, remain true to the pre-1967 Boy Scouts Association requirements and designs, with the stars on the original awards being replaced by the initials B and P, and the word "BOY" being replaced by "B-P".
The Scout sections wear the traditional uniform designed by Baden-Powell, with allowances made for regional climate and health and safety reasons.
- Headwear: Campaign hat or beret, with the Section badge in front.
- Scarf: Of the Group colour worn with a woggle or a loose knot at the throat.
- Shirt: In non Sea Scout or Air Scout Groups, a khaki shirt. Air Scouts wear Wedgewood Blue.
- Shorts or trousers: Khaki or dark blue for Air Scouts.
- Belt: Brown leather, official pattern.
- Socks: Any plain colour, worn turned down below the knee
- Boots or shoes: Brown or black.
- Shoulder badge: Indicating the Group, worn on the right shoulder.
The Baden-Powell Scout's Association retains the pre-Advance Party Report (1967) sections, the traditional UK Scout sections developed by Baden-Powell, to which Beavers were added in 1982. The Association is open to males and females in mixed and separate sections.
The sections (Beavers to Senior Scouts) are led by a Section Leader, who must hold a warrant for the position, aided by assistant leaders. Other adults who help run a section may be volunteers (such as parents of children in the Group), Instructors (Scouts, Senior Scouts and Rovers that have been trained to assist the leaders), and members of the Group Executive Committee who help operate the Group financially. Rover Crews mainly govern themselves, but are assisted by a Rover Scout Master who ensures that the Crew is working within the rules of the association.
|Beavers||5–8||Group||A program of outdoor activities, creative play, music, and cooperative games.|
|Wolf Cubs||7½–11||Group||Introduction to the Scouting skills needed for their future life in the Troop.|
|Scouts||10½–15||Group||The B–P Scouts follow much the same Training Scheme as laid down by Baden-Powell in Scouting For Boys.|
|Senior Scouts||15–18||Group||Increased emphasis on personal challenge and adventure. The St. George's Award is the highest gained.|
|Rover Scouts||18+||Group||The final stage in the system of training. The highest award is the Baden-Powell Award.|
There are Air Scouts and the provision for Sea Scouts within the organisation. Both of these branches follow the same core programme as other Sections but add more aeronautical or nautical emphasis depending on the branch.
In common with other United Kingdom youth organisations all adults have to undergo extended criminal record checks since their introduction in 1997. New leaders are required to give personal references and complete an interview before taking an appointment. The B-PSA has a child protection officer and there is a full child protection policy in place.
Each international association follows the child protection measures expected in their own country.
The B-PSA Federation of Canada was established in Victoria, British Columbia in February 1996, originally as the Baden-Powell Scouts' Association of Canada (B-PSAC), and shares its aims with the other branches on the B-PSA.
The Yellow Scouts of Denmark – Baden-Powell Scouts (De Gule Speijdere i Danmark) started on 25 February 1984, as "Det Danske Pige- og Drenge Spejderkorps", aiming to return to a more traditional scouting approach as a response to changes in the mainstream Danish scouting movement.
The Baden-Powell Scouts Association is active in Ghana. The Baden-Powell Scouts of Ghana operates in Accra, Ghana. It has a Beaver Lodge of 40, two Wolf Cub Packs of 30 and a Scout Troop of 48 members.
The Baden-Powell Scout Association became a registered corporation in the United States of America in June 2002, and was issued federal non-profit organisation status, operating the 1st Tarrant Scout Group in Texas, notable as the first B-PSA group to operate in the United States. B-PSA was affiliated with the Baden-Powell Scouts Association of England and were recognised as members of the World Federation of Independent Scouts before they ceased operations, possibly about 2010.
Also in the US is the Baden-Powell Service Association (BPSA-US), formed in 2006 and later incorporated in California, 2009. BPSA-US is not directly affiliated with the Baden-Powell Scouts' Association, but is part of the traditional scouting movement and a member of the World Federation of Independent Scouts. BPSA-US did work closely with members of both the Baden-Powell Scouts' Association, B-PSA Federation of Canada and presently works with others in defining their traditional scouting program.
- Brownsea Island Scout camp – the birthplace of World Scouting
- Humshaugh – location of Baden-Powell's first official Scout Camp
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- Baden-Powell Scouts' Association of Guatemala
- 1st Tarrant Scout Group, Texas