Air Scout

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Air Scout
World Scout Emblem Air Scout.svg
Country Worldwide
Founded 1911 (first Airman's Badge)
Founder Major Baden Fletcher Smyth Baden-Powell
 Scouting portal

Air Scouts are members of the international Scouting movement with a particular emphasis on an aviation themed programme and/or flying-based activities. Air Scouts follow the same basic Scouting programme as normal Scouts, but they devote certain amounts of time focused on their air activities.

Air Scouts often wear a slightly different uniform from the rest of the Scouting movement and/or may have additional badges/insignia.

Most air activities are ground based like visits to airports and air museums, radio controlled model flight, aero modelling and camping on airfields. Depending on age group, country and Scout group the activities can also include parachuting or flights in light aircraft, helicopters, gliders or hot air balloons.

History[edit]

Major Baden Fletcher Smyth Baden-Powell, Robert Baden-Powell's youngest brother, was an aviator and the first[citation needed] who brought flying-based activities into Scouting. An Airman's badge was introduced by The Boy Scouts Association of The United Kingdom in 1911. However, these did not introduce Air Scouts. The Boy Scouts Association of The United Kingdom introduced Air Scouts in 1941.[1]

The 4th World Scout Jamboree in 1933 was the first international gathering where Air Scouts were represented. On 9 August Robert Baden-Powell visited the air scouts, in the company of Pál Teleki Hungarian Chief Scout and László Almásy (known as The English Patient), who was a leader of the Hungarian Air Scouts.[2]

Worldwide[edit]

Australia[edit]

Air Scouts Canberra

Scouts Australia has a few active Air Scout groups. Air Scouts Canberra is located in Deakin, Australian Capital Territory.[3] There are two Air Scouts Groups in Western Australia, Bullsbrook and Morley Groups. There are also Air Scouts in individual Scout Groups.

Bangladesh[edit]

Bangladesh Scouts has an Air Scouts programme and is a branch of Scouting for their Rover section, not a separate organisation. Organisationally there is a separate region for Air Scout among its 11 regions[4] There are two Air Rover Units in Bangladesh. All Scouting sections in Bangladesh follow the same programme for their section but Air Rover Scouts sections then add an aeronautical flavour to the programme and activities. It is not training for an Air Force career, although Air Scout training can be very useful for young people who are so interested.[5][6][7]

Barbados[edit]

In March 2014 members of the newly formed 160th Barbados Deighton Griffiths Air Scout Troop where invested by the Chief Commissioner of the Barbados Boy Scout Association at the Barbados Concorde Experience. These are the only Air Scouts in Barbados.[8][9]

Belgium[edit]

Only one Group exists, which is hosted by a Belgian Paragliding Club.[10]

Brazil[edit]

Brazilian Scouting União dos Escoteiros do Brasil has a very active and vibrant Air Scouting program for its Air Scouts (Escoteiros do Ar) known in Portuguese as "Modalidade do Ar".[11]

The first Air Scout Group in Brazil was started in 1938, and hosted by the 5th Army Aviation Regiment in Curitiba, PR which currently operates the Integrated Air Defense and Air Traffic Control Centre. The original founding was initiated by the Army Aviator - Lt. Col Vasco Alves Secco who founded the Air Scout Group 'Captain Richard Kirk'.

Subsequently recognising the value of Air Scouting, the Brazilian Ministry of Aviation has issued decrees to all its units to provide support to Air Scout Groups at all its bases, as needed.

Besides the standard activities of Scouting, Air Scouts in Brazil have additional air activities and learn suitable technical aviation related skills.

Cambodia[edit]

Although only a recent member of WOSM,[12] The National Association of Cambodian Scouts is reported to have some Air Scout Groups.[13]

Chile[edit]

The first Air Scout Group in Chile, "Rodolfo Marsh", was established on 17 September 1936 at the Chilean Air Force base at Quinteros. The founder and first Scoutmaster was Don Leopoldo Sánchez [14] However no references to "Scouts Aéreos" have been found currently.

Colombia[edit]

At present only one Air Scout Group - 'Tigres Del Aire' - is known of in Colombia, which is a member of Asociación Scouts de Colombia.

Cyprus[edit]

Air Scouting in Cyprus is an active part of the Soma Proskopon Kyprou program.

Egypt[edit]

Egyptian Federation for Scouts and Girl Guides is structured into 4 central associations - Scouts, Sea Scouts, Air Scouts and Guides. The Air Scouts section headed is by the Commissioner for Air Scouts, Mohamed Abdel-Hamid.

Each of these four central associations has a corresponding regional association in the twenty-six governorates of Egypt; a coordination committee in each governorate organizes the activities and the cooperation between the associations.

The first Air Scouts in Egypt where formed early in 1954,[15] and in the same year the executive committee of the Air Scouts was formed and held its first meeting in the office of the Director-General of the Egyptian Civil Aviation Authority on 17 February 1954.

In January 2007 the first Air Scout Festival was held in Ismalia.

France[edit]

Air Scouts (Scouts de L'Air) started in the north of France in the mid-1930s. The first documented French Air Scout camp was held at Saint Cyr, 25 August to 1 September 1935. After World War II it was restarted by a few groups and at the 1947 Peace Jamboree many full-sized gliders built by various Air Scouts where shown to participants [16] and demonstrated as well as activities such as aeromodelling.[17]

Currently only two practising Air Scout Troops are known - one based in southeast France [18] and one of the smaller French Associations [19]

Greece[edit]

Air Scouting in Greece is an active specialist branch of the Soma Hellinon Proskopon (Scouts of Greece) program. Air Scouts are called Aeroproskopoi. There is a Region for Air Scouts of approximately 57 Air Scout groups. The Greek Air Scouting branch was founded in 1945.[20]

Hong Kong[edit]

Air Scouting in Hong Kong started in 1967 when a Jesuit priest, Father Cunningham formed an Air Scout Troop in the 11th Kowloon Scout Group of Kowloon Wah Yan College during the 5-year expansion plan of the Scout Association of Hong Kong. 11th Kowloon Scout Group (Kowloon Wah Yan College) is a "closed school Scout Group" with Scout membership open only to students of this college in the Kowloon Peninsula of Hong Kong.[21] As a result there was only one Air Scout Unit in the territory from 1967 to 1972. In 1972 the Group added an Venture Air Scout unit.

In 1972, the Chief Scout of Hong Kong appointed Francis Yiu Cheong Chin as the first Air Scout Commissioner to develop and expand Air Scouting. Mr. Chin is a Queen's Scout, a Leader Trainer and a member of the Hong Kong Chin Brothers aviators with the long distance flying record of successfully completed “The First 100 horsepower Single-engine England to Hong Kong Long Distance Cross-Country Flight in History”. As a result Air Scouting spread and flourished after 1972. There are 18 Air Scout Units in 5 Regions of Scout Groups in Hong Kong.[22]

Hungary[edit]

Magyar Cserkészszövetség (Hungarian Scout Association), a WOSM member, has not yet officially started an Air Scouting program, but recently an Air Scout Group - Repülőcserkész - has been formed in Gyor in the western region of Hungary, and is believed to be the only one in Hungary (as of October 2014).[23] The local flying organisations around Gyor regional Airport are supported them with access to appropriate activities. The Group is adapting their Air Scouting Program from a wide variety of sources including Poland, Ireland, Spain and UK.

Indonesia[edit]

"Saka Dirgantara" is the Air Scout specialism programme of the Indonesian Scout Association - Gerakan Pramuka aimed at the Rover Scout section (16-20) known as Satuan Karya. This aeronautical skills programme focuses on three different aspects:

  • Aero Sport: Motorized Flight, Non Motorized Flight, Aeromodelling, Sky Diving, Hang Gliding
  • Aero Knowledge: Aerodynamics, Air Traffic Control (ATC), Meteorology, Flight Supporting Facility, Air Navigation
  • Aero Service: Aircraft Mechanical engineering, Flight Communication, Aerial SAR, Aero Structure

Air Scouting in Indonesia is supported by the Indonesian Air Force TNI AU and other aero club organisations.

Ireland[edit]

Air Scouting was a branch of Scouting Ireland which combines the normal scouting activities such as camping and hiking with an interest in aviation and space. Since the re-launch of their "One" Scouting program, a separate Air Scout branch has been absorbed, but with a strengthening of an Air Activities program.[24]

Kenya[edit]

Air Scouting program in Kenya is currently being renewed and with the 'Young Aviators Air Scouts Open Troop' in Langata District operating successfully.[25]

Malaysia[edit]

The first Air Scout patrol was established in the Victoria Institution in 1951 and ceased to exist in 1955.[26] The 10th Kuala Lumpur Group in the Methodist Boys School [27] was established in 1915, converted to Air Scouts in 1952 and remains active.[28] Air Scouts Troops exist in Kuala Lumpur[29] and Johore.[30]

In the Sultanate of Brunei, a successful and unique Air Scout Group has been running since 2008 and is affiliated with SOAS College where members of the group are students.The Sultan of Brunei is a supporter of the Group. [31] [32]

Malta[edit]

The island of Malta currently only has one Air Scout Group [33] who run an adapted Air Scouting Program, which was originally based on the UK scheme. The Air Scout Group is attached to St Augustin's Colleges. The group has for a number of years participated in JOTA/JOTI. Malta previously had a number of other Air Scout Groups which are now defunct.

Netherlands[edit]

Air Scouting (luchtscouting) in the Netherlands is an active part of the program. There are currently 15 Air Scout groups. They wear a gray shirt.

Nigeria[edit]

The Airscout Wing of The Scout Association of Nigeria [34] [formally Boys Scouts of Nigeria] was established in 1978 by an aeronautical engineer working for Nigerian Airways.[35] The initial objectives where to cater for the young people in the science and art of airmanship/aviation trades, discipline and citizenship. However, the Air Scouts made their first national appearance at Makurdi in 1987, with the very first Rover Air Crew led by Segun Ige [of the Nigerian Airforce].[36][37]

Their Air Scout Training Methods are published here:[38]

THE OBJECTIVE OF THE LAGOS AIR SCOUT WING MAY BE SUMMARIZED AS: 1. To develop desire and achievements in the aviation industry 2. To create interest of youth in Aviation as an honourable profession 3. To develop character training for producing useful and patriotic citizens 4. To teach the youths informally, aviation methods and practices which they can apply on their own e.g. Model Airplane, Predicting the weather etc. 5. To developing competent aviation leadership among the youth 6. To promote an opportunity for youths who are interested in Aviation 7. To teach the spirit of thrift and inculcate in youths the spirits of co-operation

Paraguay[edit]

A single member Scout Group of the Confederación Interamericana Scouts Independientes (CISI) in Ascunión, Paraguay has both Sea and Air Scout sections. This is probably due to it being supported by the local Naval Air Force Base.

Peru[edit]

A small number of Air Scout Groups exist in Peru as part of the Asociación de Scouts del Perú (ASP, Scout Association of Peru).

Poland[edit]

SP-BZP, hot air balloon Scout Balloon Club (Poland)

Air Scouting (harcerskie lotnictwo) in Poland is an active part of the program. There are currently Scout Balloon Club, 1 Air Scout Group and 9 Air Scout Troops.

Singapore[edit]

The city/state of Singapore has a vibrant Air Scout Group, originally started in 1998 as Cub Pack attached to Woodlands Ring Primary School but has expanded over the years and moved its base location to Endeavour Primary School. The Group now has over 100 members including Cub Scouts, Scouts and Ventures and involves itself in a wide range of community and Scouting activities.[39]

In 2012 the group "piloted" the first Young Aviator Course for Cub Scouts in Singapore as part of a revamp pf the Air Scouting Program, supported by an educational donation frm the Civil Aviation Authority of Singapore.[40][41] This event led to an additional aviation focused Cub Pack to start up.[42]

South Africa[edit]

Air Scouting in South Africa is an active part of the South African Scout Association program. Since 2005 Air Scouting has expanded, especially in Gauteng, where the first Airjamborally since the 1980s was held during August 2005. The Gauteng Area Air Scouts has 5 of the 8 Air Scout Groups.

Spain[edit]

Air Scouting activity had been extremely poor up to date, just a few single troops merged in ASDE (Scouts de España, WOSM) from Valencia and Tenerife (Canary Islands), both experiencing a period of activity of about two or three years during the late 1970s. Today, there's a revival on the way with two active groups in the ASDE Madrid area, one more in the ASDE Castille-Le Manche area (in Albacete) and the older group alive in Barcelona belonging to the Associació Catalana de Scouts (Catalonian Association of Scouts, WFIS)

Sri Lanka[edit]

Supported by the Sri Lankan Air Force, the 57th Colombo is a member of the Sri Lanka Scouts Association and has over 90 members. The group, which was originally started in 1972, holds its meetings at three Sri Lankan Air Force bases but is classed an 'Open Group'. As well as providing a standard Scouting Program, they additionally have aviation based activities.[43] (The sections are Junior Air Scouts aged 11 to 15 years and 15 to 18 years for Senior Air Scouts)

Sudan[edit]

The Sudanese Air Scout and Girl Guides Group is an active part of the Sudan Scouts Association and Girl Guides Association of Sudan.[44] It was founded in 1975 by Isam Kamel and Alladeen Hassan Abas as part of the National Aviation Institute. In 1976, they transferred the Air Scout activities to the Sudanese Air Scout club in Nile Street Khartoum. Sudanese Air Scout members attend local activities, in addition to activities organized outside of the Sudan, such as Arab and International Jamborees. Also, Sudanese Air Scouts send some members to study plane models in the Czech Republic.[citation needed]

Trinidad & Tobago[edit]

The Trinidad & Tobago Scout Association states that there are two Air Scout Groups in their membership, the 2nd Guaico Air Scouts based at Guaico Secondary School and the 1st Arouca Air Scouts based at the Anglican Church.[45] Currently not much else is known about their Air Scouting program.

United Kingdom[edit]

Air Scouts of the Baden-Powell Scouts' Association, July 2008

British Scouts have been involved in aviation since the early days of aviation. The first UK Scout Group known to have built and flown their own glider were East Grinstead who flew for 200 feet at an altitude of 25 feet, in 1912. The first powered aircraft to be owned by UK Scouts was an Airco DH.6 presented to 3rd Hampden (Middlesex) Scouts in 1921.

The idea of Air Scouts as a distinct unit was resisted for many years, becoming an official branch of Scouting in 1941.[46][47] The first National Air Scout camp took place in Avington Park in July 1942 and in December 1942 a National Air Scout exhibition was held in Dorland Hall, London.[48] The Scout Association bought their first glider in 1959, and operated an Air Activity Centre at Lasham, near Alton in Hampshire, until 1978.[49]

Currently around 10% of all Scouts in the Scout Association are in one of the 160 Air Scout Troops or Explorer Units.[citation needed] An Air Scout Troop can apply to become recognised with the Royal Air Force and thus can receive special opportunities and trips. This RAF Recognition is subject to a regular 18-month inspection by a designated RAF Reserve Officer.[50] Air Scouting is also provided for within the Baden-Powell Scouts' Association.

Aircraft owned by UK Scouts[edit]

A number of aircraft have been owned by Scouts in the United Kingdom, including:

United States of America[edit]

Air Scouts is a now-defunct program of the Boy Scouts of America (BSA). The Air Scouts program had four ranks Apprentice, Observer, Craftsman, and Ace (later under the Explorer program the ranks were Apprentice, Bronze, Gold, and Silver Award). The Ace (Silver Award) cloth knot and medal may still be worn by anyone who earned them before the program was dropped.

The program was established in 1941 and existed under the name Air Scouts until 1949, when it was renamed Air Explorers. With minor changes, this program lasted until 1965, when it was fully merged into the then existing Explorer program of the BSA as a specialty called 'Aviation Explorers'. It still exists today as part of the BSA's Learning for Life Explorer program.[54]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://members.scouts.org.uk/supportresources/189%7C retrieved 21 April 2013
  2. ^ From the book of Dr. Kubassek János: A Szahara bűvöletében — Az "Angol beteg" igaz története Almásy László hiteles életrajza (~ Under the spell of Sahara Desert — The true story of "The English Patient", an authentic biography of Almásy László) in Hungarian, Panoráma, 1999, Budapest, Hungary
  3. ^ ASC History - Air Scouts Canberra retrieved January 2012 Archived 27 February 2014 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ "Bangladesh Scouts Organisation". Banglascouts.150m.com. Archived from the original on 4 November 2013. Retrieved 14 October 2012. 
  5. ^ http://bangladeshairscouts.webs.com/
  6. ^ http://bdscouts.blogspot.co.at/
  7. ^ http://scout.org/node/43768
  8. ^ http://www.barbadosadvocate.com/newsitem.asp?more=local&NewsID=35086
  9. ^ http://bbsascoutcommittee.org/gallery/index.php/Group-Activities/dgas_inv
  10. ^ "1st Belgian Air Scouts & Guides". Users.swing.be. Archived from the original on 3 November 2013. Retrieved 14 October 2012. 
  11. ^ "Modalidade do Ar". Modalidade do Ar. Archived from the original on 18 May 2013. Retrieved 29 January 2012. 
  12. ^ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cambodia_Scouts
  13. ^ http://www.rp.edu.sg/14_02_02.aspx
  14. ^ http://www.scoutbp.org/historia/historia/historia01.htm[dead link]
  15. ^ https://sites.google.com/a/smscout.org/site/Scout-Groups
  16. ^ http://www.honneur-au-scoutisme.com/textes/scoutair/0339.jpg Archived 4 November 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  17. ^ http://www.honneur-au-scoutisme.com/textes/scoutair/0071.jpg Archived 4 November 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  18. ^ "WE aérien de troupe du 18-19 Octobre - Le blog du Caracal" (in (French)). Caracal-troupe3meudon.over-blog.com. Retrieved 29 January 2012. 
  19. ^ [1] Archived 22 June 2010 at the Wayback Machine
  20. ^ 100 Χρόνια Ιστορία Ελλήνων Προσκόπων | 100 Years of History Archived 27 April 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  21. ^ http://members.wykontario.org/scouting/category/air-scout/
  22. ^ The history of the development of the Air Scouting Movement in Hong Kong is excerpted from the official confirmed minutes of the First Meeting of the Air Activity Committee (2007/2008), Programme Branch, Scout Association of Hong Kong held on 9 January2009. The Air Activity Committee is a policy-making committee oversees all Air Scouting activities in Hong Kong
  23. ^ https://www.facebook.com/repulocserkesz.gyor
  24. ^ http://www.atlanticairventure.com/Scouts/merit.html
  25. ^ http://scout.org/node/29207
  26. ^ "Surviving the Wreckage of War (1942-1954)". Viweb.freehosting.net. Archived from the original on 15 April 2012. Retrieved 14 October 2012. 
  27. ^ "Methodist Boys' School (Kuala Lumpur) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia". En.wikipedia.org. Archived from the original on 19 March 2014. Retrieved 29 January 2012. 
  28. ^ About Us (29 January 2011). "About 10th KL". Tenthkl.org. Archived from the original on 3 November 2013. Retrieved 14 October 2012. 
  29. ^ http://kcscouts.org/ Kuen Cheng Scout Group Malaysia Archived 30 December 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  30. ^ http://www.airscoutmalaysia.com/ Air Scouts Malaysia Archived 20 May 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  31. ^ http://soascollegeairscout.blogspot.co.at/
  32. ^ http://scout.org/node/11319
  33. ^ http://www.air-scouts.org
  34. ^ http://www.nigeriascouts.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=23&Itemid=15
  35. ^ https://www.facebook.com/groups/lagsasw/?fref=nf
  36. ^ http://www.pmnewsnigeria.com/2011/03/04/scouts-hold-%e2%80%98troopy-colour%e2%80%99-show/
  37. ^ http://www.scouting4peace.org/group/lagosairscout
  38. ^ http://www.nigeriascout.org/scout-association-of-nigeria-air-scouting-curriculum.pdf
  39. ^ http://soaringeaglesscouts.blogspot.sg/
  40. ^ https://www.bridgingskies.com/increasing-aviation-awareness-among-singapores-youth-2/
  41. ^ http://soaringeaglesscouts.blogspot.co.at/search/label/Aviation
  42. ^ http://pegasus-cub-scouts.blogspot.co.at/
  43. ^ http://www.airforce.lk/pages.php?pages=air_scouts
  44. ^ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Sudan_Girl_Guides_Association
  45. ^ https://www.facebook.com/firstarouca.airscouts
  46. ^ a b Walker, Colin "Johnny" (June 2007). "The Early History of Air Scouting". Scouting Milestones. Archived from the original on 4 November 2013. Retrieved 17 January 2009. 
  47. ^ The Scout Association (2006). An Official History of Scouting. Hamlyn. pp. 106–107, 175. ISBN 978-0-600-61398-5. 
  48. ^ The Scout Association (2006). An Official History of Scouting. Hamlyn. p. 176. ISBN 978-0-600-61398-5. 
  49. ^ "Scout Assn. Air Scout History". Scoutbase.org.uk. Archived from the original on 29 June 2010. Retrieved 14 October 2012. 
  50. ^ "Scout Association, RAF Recognition". Scoutbase.org.uk. Archived from the original on 27 May 2010. Retrieved 14 October 2012. 
  51. ^ "G-AGYH stored in Scout livery, 1974". Abpic.co.uk. Archived from the original on 4 November 2013. Retrieved 14 October 2012. 
  52. ^ "G-BODU in Scout colours". Abpic.co.uk. 12 August 2007. Archived from the original on 4 November 2013. Retrieved 14 October 2012. 
  53. ^ "Photo of VX580 in Norfolk Air Scout livery". Airport-data.com. Retrieved 14 October 2012. 
  54. ^ Michael R. Brown. "BSA Air Scouting (1941-1949)". Seniorscoutinghistory.org. Archived from the original on 3 November 2013. Retrieved 14 October 2012. 

The name is also used as a derogatory reference to members of the U.S. Air Force, typically used by combat troops of the U.S. Army and U.S. Marine Corps.[citation needed]

External links[edit]