Balaclava Bay

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For the bay in Crimea, Ukraine, see Balaklava Bay.
View northeast across Balaclava Bay from the Isle of Portland towards the southern and eastern entrances of Portland Harbour. The dark colour of the water between the two breakwaters is the position a scuttled battleship, HMS Hood.

Balaclava Bay is a bay near Portland Harbour, at the northern end of the Isle of Portland, Dorset, in southern England.[1] The bay is on the Jurassic Coast, a World Heritage Site. Weymouth Bay and the town of Weymouth are to the north. The bay is overlooked by the East Weare Battery.

Divers often use the bay.[2][3]

During the Second World War a number of anti-invasion structures were placed at Balaclava Bay, constructed between 1940-41. An anti boat landing obstacle was laid offshore, compromising of a line of stone boulders. A field visit in 1996 found the stones to be in a good condition, although some had been removed from their original positions.[4] On the shore a minefield was laid, using mine 'B', type 'C', forming part of the Dorset coast defences and the Isle of Portland defences. It had been cleared by 1946.[5] A little further south of the landing obstacle and minefield was a coast artillery searchlight, near the Admiralty Research Establishment. Built of brick, concrete and iron, a field visit in 1996 found the structure to be extant.[6] Another coast artillery searchlight, constructed during 1940-41, was situated further south of this, although it is unclear whether it still remains today.[7]

During World War II, six pillboxes were built within the surrounding area, and all are still in existence, most of which remain complete, although overgrown. One of the six pillboxes is located close to the two coast artillery searchlights at Balaclava Bay, within close region to Incline Road.[8]

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