Bed size

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Single size bed

Bed size refers to the dimensions of a mattress and the names by which standard sizes are called. Beds themselves vary widely in size according to the size of the frame and degree of ornamentation but are sold according to the size of mattress they take. The dimensions and names vary considerably around the world, with most countries having their own standards and terminology. In addition, two mattresses with the same nominal size may still vary slightly in actual dimensions, due to manufacturing tolerances, level of padding, and support type.

Mattress size (width × length)
U.S.A. & Canada[1] Australia[2] Ireland & U.K.[3] New Zealand[4] Continental Europe Japan[5] Thailand[6] Singapore[7]
Small Single
or Cot
30 in × 75 in
76 cm × 191 cm
75 cm × 190 cm
30 in × 75 in
85 cm × 195 cm
33 in × 77 in
Single, Twin
or Bunk
39 in × 75 in
99 cm × 191 cm
92 cm × 188 cm
36 in × 74 in
90 cm × 190 cm
35 in × 75 in
92 cm × 188 cm
36 in × 74 in
90 cm × 200 cm
35 in × 79 in
97 cm × 195 cm
38 in × 77 in
107 cm × 198 cm
42 in × 78 in
91 cm × 191 cm
36 in × 75 in
Single Extra Long 39 in × 80 in
99 cm × 203 cm
92 cm × 203 cm
36 in × 80 in
90 cm × 210 cm
35 in × 83 in
97 cm × 205 cm
38 in × 81 in
King Single
or Super Single
107 cm × 203 cm
42 in × 80 in
107 cm × 203 cm
42 in × 80 in
110 cm × 195 cm
43 in × 77 in
107 cm × 191 cm
42 in × 75 in
Small Double
or Three-quarter
48 in × 75 in
122 cm × 191 cm
120 cm × 190 cm
47 in × 75 in
120 cm × 200 cm
47 in × 79 in
122 cm × 195 cm
48 in × 77 in
Double or Full 54 in × 75 in
137 cm × 191 cm
138 cm × 188 cm
54 in × 74 in
135 cm × 190 cm
53 in × 75 in
135 cm × 188 cm
53 in × 74 in
140 cm × 200 cm
55 in × 79 in
140 cm × 195 cm
55 in × 77 in
122 cm × 198 cm
48 in × 78 in
Double Extra Long 54 in × 80 in
137 cm × 203 cm
140 cm × 205 cm
55 in × 81 in
Queen 60 in × 80 in
152 cm × 203 cm
153 cm × 203 cm
60 in × 80 in
150 cm × 203 cm
59 in × 80 in
154 cm × 195 cm
61 in × 77 in
152 cm × 198 cm
60 in × 78 in
152 cm × 191 cm
60 in × 75 in
Expanded, Super
or Olympic Queen
66 in × 80 in
168 cm × 203 cm
King 76 in × 80 in
193 cm × 203 cm
183 cm × 203 cm
72 in × 80 in
150 cm × 200 cm
59 in × 79 in
165 cm × 203 cm
65 in × 80 in
160 cm × 200 cm
63 in × 79 in
170 cm × 195 cm
67 in × 77 in
183 cm × 198 cm
72 in × 78 in
183 cm × 191 cm
72 in × 75 in
California King
or King Long
72 in × 84 in
183 cm × 213 cm
170 cm × 205 cm
67 in × 81 in
Grand King
or Super King
or Texas King
80 in × 98 in
203 cm × 249 cm
203 cm × 203 cm
80 in × 80 in
180 cm × 200 cm
71 in × 79 in
183 cm × 203 cm
72 in × 80 in
180 cm × 200 cm
71 in × 79 in
194 cm × 205 cm
76 in × 81 in

Canada and United States[edit]

Standard North American sizes
A pillowtop queen-size mattress.

Modern manufacturing conventions have resulted in a significant number of standard sizes of commercial bedding for mattresses and box springs. Imported beds vary by country of origin as per the table above.

These dimensions are for the mattress—the actual bed frame will be a little larger in order to fully encompass and support the mattress. The thickness of the mattress may vary considerably.

Standard North American sizes[edit]

The standard bed sizes are:

Twin
39 in × 75 in (99 cm × 191 cm)[8]
A "single" may be the same size, or a few inches narrower.[citation needed]
Three-quarters
48 in × 75 in (122 cm × 191 cm)[citation needed]
Full or double
54 in × 75 in (137 cm × 191 cm)[8]
Queen
60 in × 80 in (152 cm × 203 cm)[8]
King
76 in × 80 in (193 cm × 203 cm)[8]
A king-sized bed may have a king-sized box spring (foundation), or two smaller box-springs (each the size of a Twin XL bed) under a king-sized mattress.
California king
72 in × 84 in (183 cm × 213 cm)[8]
Texas King
80 in × 98 in (203 cm × 249 cm)[8]

Other North American sizes[edit]

In addition to the sizes described above, other sizes have found some acceptance in North America, including:

Twin XL
39 in × 80 in (99 cm × 203 cm)[9]
Full XL
54 in × 80 in (137 cm × 203 cm)[9]
California Queen Waterbed Insert
Used for conventional mattresses inside a waterbed frame. Subtract 2.0 inches from California Queen waterbed size.
58 in × 82 in (147 cm × 208 cm)[10]
California King Waterbed Insert
Used for conventional mattresses inside a waterbed frame. Subtract 2.0 inches from California King waterbed size.
70 in × 82 in (178 cm × 208 cm)[10]

Europe: UK and Ireland sizes[edit]

Most modern beds/mattresses sold in the UK and Ireland are constructed using metric dimensions.

UK standard bed sizes are:

Standard single
90 cm × 190 cm (35 in × 75 in)[11]
Small-single
90 cm × 200 cm (35 in × 79 in)[11]
Common size for hospitality (zip & link) twin beds as beds can be combined to make a superking bed.[citation needed]
European single
75 cm × 190 cm (30 in × 75 in)
Small-double
120 cm × 190 cm (47 in × 75 in)[11]
Standard Double
135 cm × 190 cm (53 in × 75 in)[11]
King
150 cm × 200 cm (59 in × 79 in)[11]
Extra-king
180 cm × 190 cm (71 in × 75 in)
Hospitality size formed by zip & linking two standard single beds together.[citation needed]
Superking/Queen
180 cm × 200 cm (71 in × 79 in)[11]
Also known as "European King".
Eastern King
200 cm × 200 cm (79 in × 79 in)[citation needed]
Emperor
215 cm × 215 cm (85 in × 85 in)[citation needed]
Caesar
245 cm × 220 cm (96 in × 87 in)[citation needed]

It is worth noting that 'bed size' in the UK generally refers to mattress size. This is because mattresses have a standard size grading, whereas bed frames do not. While many companies in the UK do offer bespoke bed making services, most mass-produced bed linens, bed frames and mattresses fit only the standard bed sizes above.[11] A common mistake is to use a mattress size as the required space for the full dimensions of the bed and mattress.

Large retailer IKEA also sells European size mattresses in the UK.[12]

Europe (Mainland) sizes[edit]

France[edit]

Single size beds are usually 90 cm wide by 190 cm long.

Most common sizes for double beds are :[13]
140 cm wide by 190 cm long
160 cm wide by 200 cm long
180 cm wide by 200 cm long (less common, but increasing popularity).

Due to the popularity of imported beds (especially from Ikea), the 200 cm length is becoming more common.[citation needed]

Italy[edit]

In Italy, beds are classified by name. Standard sizes are:[citation needed]

Una piazza or singolo ("single") 
80 cm (31.5 inches) wide by 190 cm long
Una piazza e mezza (1½)
120 cm (47.2 inches) wide by 190 cm long
Due piazze or matrimoniale
160 cm (62.99 inches) wide by 190 cm long

Less common:[citation needed]

Piazza francese 
140 cm (55 in) wide

Due to the popularity of imported beds (especially from Ikea), the 200 cm length is becoming more common.[citation needed]

Europe: Scandinavia & Baltics. Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Iceland, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania[edit]

There are some variations between the Nordic countries and the Baltic Nations, but these are the most common sizes:

Single:[14]

  • 75 cm × 200 cm (30 in × 79 in), standard in Norway[citation needed]
  • 80 cm × 200 cm (31 in × 79 in)
  • 90 cm × 200 cm (35 in × 79 in)
  • 90 cm × 210 cm (35 in × 83 in), common variant in Finland[citation needed]
  • 100 cm × 200 cm (39 in × 79 in), very common in Germany
  • 120 cm × 200 cm (47 in × 79 in)[citation needed]

Double:[15][16][17]

  • 140 cm × 200 cm (55 in × 79 in) (very narrow)
  • 150 cm × 200 cm (59 in × 79 in), common
  • 160 cm × 200 cm (63 in × 79 in), very common[citation needed]
  • 180 cm × 200 cm (71 in × 79 in), very common, current Swedish standard[citation needed]
  • 180 cm × 210 cm (71 in × 83 in), common variant in Finland[citation needed]
  • 200 cm × 200 cm (79 in × 79 in) (very wide)

Most beds are 200 cm (79 in) cm long. Extra long beds are usually 220 cm (87 in),[18] but they are rare.

Europe: Iberian Peninsula. Portugal[edit]

In Portugal the most common sizes for beds are:[19]

Solteiro (single)

80 cm (31.5 inches) wide by 190 cm long (can go up to 105 cm wide by 200 cm long)

Casal (double)

140 cm (55 in) wide by 190, 195 or 200 cm long

Queen Size

160 cm (63 inches) or 180 cm (71 inches) wide by 190, 195 or 200 cm long

King Size

180 cm (71 inches) wide by 190, 195 or 200 cm long

Super King Size

200 cm (78.74 inches) wide by 200 cm long

New Zealand/Australian sizes[edit]

The following bed sizes are available in Australia[20] and New Zealand[21]

Single (AU/NZ)
92cm x 188cm
Long Single (AU)/Single XL (NZ)
92cm x 204cm
Three-quarter (obsolete, but still present)
120 cm × 188 cm
King Single (AU/NZ[22])
107cm x 204cm
Double (AU/NZ)
138cm x 188cm
Queen (AU/NZ)
153cm x 204cm
King (NZ)
165cm x 203cm[citation needed]
King (AU)/Super King (NZ)
183cm x 204cm
Super King (AU)/Californian King (NZ[23])
204cm x 204cm

South African sizes[edit]

The following bed sizes are available in South Africa:[24]

Single 
91.5 cm × 188 cm
Three-quarter
107 cm × 188 cm
Double
137 cm × 188 cm
Queen 
152 cm × 188 cm
King 
183 cm × 188 cm (equals two single mattresses)

Beds are also available in extra length, which would be 200 cm.

Singaporean and Malaysian sizes[edit]

The following bed sizes are available in Singapore and Malaysia:[25]

Single 
36 in × 75 in (91 cm  191 cm)
Super single 
42 in × 75 in (107 cm × 191 cm)
Queen (double) 
60 in × 75 in (152 cm × 191 cm)
King (double)
72 in × 75 in (183 cm × 191 cm)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Standard Bed Sizes Chart". csgnetwork.com. 2014. Retrieved 2014-11-27. 
  2. ^ Standard Bed Sizes | Beds Online
  3. ^ "Size Guide at the Bed and Mattress Centre". bedandmattress.co.uk. 2014. Retrieved 201-11-27.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  4. ^ "Bed Sizes". Bedpost. Retrieved 2014-04-26. 
  5. ^ "ベッドのサイズについて - 家具選び情報". Outlet-kagu.com. Retrieved 2013-11-04. 
  6. ^ "Common Mattress Dimensions - Precious Bedding Blog". preciousbedding.com. 2014. Retrieved 2014-11-27. 
  7. ^ "Avoid The Mattress Size Nightmare | EnterSingapore". entersingapore.info. 2014. Retrieved 2014-11-27. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f "Bed Sizes". all-bed-sizes.com. 2014. Retrieved 2014-12-28. 
  9. ^ a b "Mattress Sizes". MattressInsider.Com. Retrieved 2014-01-04. 
  10. ^ a b Douglas Belleville. "Putting a Conventional Mattress in a Waterbed". Stlbeds.com. Retrieved 2013-11-04. 
  11. ^ a b c d e f g "Standard Bed Sizes". Hypnos. Retrieved 28 April 2015. 
  12. ^ "Mattresses". IKEA. Retrieved 28 April 2015. 
  13. ^ Par Grégoire. "Tailles de matelas : Matelas 140 x 190 ou 160 x 200 | Le Matelas". Lematelas.fr. Retrieved 2013-11-04. 
  14. ^ "Søkeresultater" (in Norwegian). IKEA. Retrieved 2013-11-04. 
  15. ^ "Senger - alle varianter - Skeidar". Skeidar.no. 2013-10-22. Retrieved 2013-11-04. 
  16. ^ "Søkeresultater" (in Norwegian). IKEA. Retrieved 2013-11-04. 
  17. ^ "Senge". BoConcept. Retrieved 2013-11-04. 
  18. ^ "Bäddmadrasser - Mio". Mio.se. Retrieved 2013-11-04. 
  19. ^ "Colchão de casal ou king size?". ColchaoNet.com. Retrieved 2013-11-04. 
  20. ^ http://www.sleepys.com.au/mattress-sizes
  21. ^ http://www.bedpost.co.nz/Bed-Sizes/
  22. ^ http://www.sealy.co.nz/store/sealy-brand/posturepremier-range#safety
  23. ^ https://www.bedsrus.co.nz/your-bed-and-you
  24. ^ "Beds | Mattresses |Kids Furniture | 0860 747 747". Bedsdirect.co.za. Retrieved 2013-11-04. 
  25. ^ "Bed Sizes In Asia | Singapore Expat Lifestyle Blog". Entersingapore.info. 2009-08-10. Retrieved 2013-11-04. 

External links[edit]