Bed size

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Single size bed

Bed size refers to the dimensions of a mattress and the names by which standard sizes are called. Beds themselves vary widely in size according to the size of the frame and degree of ornamentation but are sold according to the size of mattress they take. The dimensions and names vary considerably around the world, with most countries having their own standards and terminology. In addition, two mattresses with the same nominal size may still vary slightly in actual dimensions, due to manufacturing tolerances, level of padding, and support type. Most people allow the size of their room to determine the size of their mattress; however, the website Land of Beds recommends that a mattress be at least 10 cm longer than the tallest person sleeping in it.[1]


Mattress size (width × length)
N. America[2] Australia[3] UK & Ireland[4] New Zealand[5] Continental Europe
& Latin America
[citation needed]
Japan[6]
Single
Twin (USA)
39 in × 75 in
99 cm × 191 cm
92 cm × 188 cm
36 in × 74 in
36 in × 75 in
91 cm × 191 cm
92 cm × 188 cm
36 in × 74 in
90 cm × 200 cm
35 in × 79 in
97 cm × 195 cm
38 in × 77 in
Double or full 54 in × 75 in
137 cm × 191 cm
135 cm × 188 cm
53 in × 74 in
140 cm × 200 cm
55 in × 79 in
140 cm × 195 cm
55 in × 77 in
Queen (US)
King (UK & Ire.)
Wide Double (Japan)
60 in × 80 in
152 cm × 203 cm
153 cm × 203 cm
60 in × 80 in
60 in × 78 in
152 cm × 198 cm
153 cm × 203 cm
60 in × 80 in
150 cm × 200 cm
59 in × 79 in
154 cm × 195 cm
61 in × 77 in
Olympic Queen (US)
Queen (Japan)
King (NZ)
66 in × 80 in
168 cm × 203 cm
165 cm × 203 cm
65 in × 80 in
160 cm × 200 cm
63 in × 79 in
170 cm × 195 cm
67 in × 77 in
King (US)
Super King (UK, Ire. & NZ)
76 in × 80 in
193 cm × 203 cm
72 in × 80 in
183 cm × 203 cm
72 in × 78 in
183 cm × 198 cm
183 cm × 203 cm
72 in × 80 in
180 cm × 200 cm
71 in × 79 in
194 cm × 195 cm
76 in × 77 in
California King (US)
King Long (Japan)
72 in × 84 in
183 cm × 213 cm
203 cm × 203 cm
80 in × 80 in
194 cm × 205 cm
76 in × 81 in

Note: This table uses a conversion formula from international sizes and does not accurately reflect Australian standard sizes. Where the metric system is used, sizes are specified in metric units; where other units are normally or alternatively used, the other unit, or both, may be given; e.g., inches in the United States.[7][8][9]

Canada and United States[edit]

Standard North American sizes
A pillowtop queen-size mattress.

Modern manufacturing conventions have resulted in a limited number of standard sizes of commercial bedding for mattresses and box springs. Imported beds vary by country of origin as per the table above.

These dimensions are for the mattress—the actual bed frame will be a little larger in order to fully encompass and support the mattress. The thickness of the mattress may vary considerably.

Standard North American sizes[edit]

The standard bed sizes are:[10]

Crib
27.5 in × 52 in (70 cm × 132 cm)
Camp cot (Summer camp style)
30 in × 75 in (76 cm × 191 cm)
Hospital
36 in × 78 in (91 cm × 198 cm)
May be 80" long.
Twin
39 in × 75 in (99 cm × 191 cm)
A "single" may be the same size, or a few inches (half-dozen centimetres) narrower.
Three-quarters
48 in × 75 in (122 cm × 191 cm)
Full or double
54 in × 75 in (137 cm × 191 cm)
Queen
60 in × 80 in (152 cm × 203 cm)
King
76 in × 80 in (193 cm × 203 cm)
A king-sized bed may have a king-sized box spring (foundation), or, more commonly, two smaller box-springs (each the size of a Twin XL bed) under a king-sized mattress.
California king
72 in × 84 in (183 cm × 213 cm)

Other North American sizes[edit]

In addition to the sizes described above, other sizes have found some acceptance in North America, including:

Twin XL
39 in × 80 in (99 cm × 203 cm)[11]
Full XL
54 in × 80 in (137 cm × 203 cm)[11]
California Queen Waterbed Insert
Used for conventional mattresses inside a waterbed frame. Subtract 2.0 inches from California Queen waterbed size.
58 in × 82 in (147 cm × 208 cm)[12]
California King Waterbed Insert
Used for conventional mattresses inside a waterbed frame. Subtract 2.0 inches from California King waterbed size.
70 in × 82 in (178 cm × 208 cm)[12]

UK and Ireland sizes[edit]

Standard UK and Ireland sizes

Most modern beds/mattresses sold in the UK and Ireland are constructed using imperial dimensions[4] but are generally sold in their approximate metric equivalents.[13]

Cot bed
(about 70 cm × 140 cm)
Standard single
36" × 75", also sold as 90 cm × 190 cm.[4]
European single
36" x 78", also sold as 90 cm × 200 cm.[14] Common size for hospitality (zip & link) twin beds as beds can be combined to make a superking bed.
Small double or three-quarter
48" × 75" (approximately 120 cm × 190 cm).
Standard double
54" × 75", also sold as 135 cm × 190 cm.[4]
King
60" × 78", also sold as 150 cm × 200 cm.[4]
Extra King
72" x 75", also sold as 180 cm × 190 cm.[15] Hospitality size formed by zip & linking two standard single beds together
Super King
72" × 78", also sold as 180 cm × 200 cm.[4]
Eastern King
78" × 78", also sold as 200 cm × 200 cm.[16]
Emperor
84" × 84", also sold as 215 cm × 215 cm.[16]
Caesar
96" × 87", also sold as 245 cm × 220 cm.[16]

It is worth noting that there are no standardised bed sizes in the UK. Any reference to 'bed sizes' will typically, unless specific to the bed frame dimensions, be referring to 'mattress sizes' as mattresses have a standard size grading. These standard mattress sizes then correspond to their colloquial name as described above e.g. King Size which is 60" × 78" or 150 cm × 200 cm. A common mistake is to use a mattress size as the required space for the full dimensions of the bed and mattress.[17]

Swedish Sizes are sold in the UK; in particular they are the standard sizes supplied by IKEA.[18]

The European king size (180 cm × 200 cm) as well as contemporary Italian beds and furniture have become more popular.[19]

Other sizes (bespoke beds) can be made to order; bed, mattress, and bed linen must all be of compatible size.[19]

Mainland European sizes[edit]

France[edit]

Single size beds are usually 90 cm wide by 190 cm long.

Most common sizes for double beds are :[20]
140 cm wide by 190 cm long
160 cm wide by 200 cm long
180 cm wide by 200 cm long (less common, but increasing popularity).

Due to the popularity of imported beds (especially from Ikea), the 200 cm length is becoming more common.

Italy[edit]

In Italy, beds are classified by name. Standard sizes are:[citation needed]

Una piazza or singolo ("single") 
80 cm (31.5 inches) wide by 190 cm long
Una piazza e mezza (1½)
120 cm (47.2 inches) wide by 190 cm long
Due piazze or matrimoniale
160 cm (62.99 inches) wide by 190 cm long

Less common:[citation needed]

Piazza francese 
140 cm (55 in) wide

Due to the popularity of imported beds (especially from Ikea), the 200 cm length is becoming more common.

Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Finland[edit]

There are some variations between the Nordic countries, but these are the most common sizes:

Single:[21]

  • 80 cm × 200 cm (31 in × 79 in)
  • 90 cm × 200 cm (35 in × 79 in)
  • 90 cm × 210 cm (35 in × 83 in), common variant in Finland
  • 120 cm × 200 cm (47 in × 79 in)

Double:[22][23][24]

  • 140 cm × 200 cm (55 in × 79 in) (very narrow)
  • 150 cm × 200 cm (59 in × 79 in), common, except on Ikea
  • 160 cm × 200 cm (63 in × 79 in)
  • 180 cm × 200 cm (71 in × 79 in), very common
  • 180 cm × 210 cm (71 in × 83 in), common variant in Finland
  • 200 cm × 200 cm (79 in × 79 in) (very wide)

Most beds are 200 cm (79 in) cm long. Extra long beds are usually 220 cm (87 in),[25] but they are rare.

Portugal[edit]

In Portugal the most common sizes for beds are:[26]

Solteiro (single)

80 cm (31.5 inches) wide by 190 cm long (can go up to 105 cm wide by 200 cm long)

Casal (double)

140 cm (55 in) wide by 190, 195 or 200 cm long

Queen Size

160 cm (62.99 inches) or 180 cm (70.86 inches) wide by 190, 195 or 200 cm long

King Size

180 cm (71 inches) wide by 190, 195 or 200 cm long

Super King Size

200 cm (78.74 inches) wide by 200 cm long

New Zealand/Australian sizes[edit]

The following bed sizes are available in Australia[27] and New Zealand[28]

Single (AU/NZ)
92cm x 188cm
Long Single (AU)/Single XL (NZ)
92cm x 204cm
Three-quarter (obsolete, but still present)
107 cm × 188 cm
King Single (AU/NZ[29])
107cm x 204cm
Double (AU/NZ)
138cm x 188cm
Queen (AU/NZ)
153cm x 204cm
King (NZ)
165cm x 203cm
King (AU)/Super King (NZ)
183cm x 204cm
Super King (AU)/Californian King (NZ[30])
204cm x 204cm
Double Queen[citation needed]
220cm x 240cm

South African sizes[edit]

The following bed sizes are available in South Africa:[31]

Single 
91.5 cm × 188 cm
Three-quarter
107 cm × 188 cm
Double
137 cm × 188 cm
Queen 
152 cm × 188 cm
King 
183 cm × 188 cm (equals two single mattresses)

Beds are also available in extra length, which would be 200 cm.

Singaporean and Malaysian sizes[edit]

The following bed sizes are available in Singapore and Malaysia:[32]

Single 
36 in × 75 in (91 cm  191 cm)
Super single 
42 in × 75 in (107 cm × 191 cm)
Queen (double) 
60 in × 75 in (152 cm × 191 cm)
King (double)
72 in × 75 in (183 cm × 191 cm)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "King Size Mattress Dimensions". Land of Beds. Retrieved July 13, 2014.
  2. ^ "Mattress Size :: USA & Canada". Mattresssizes.info. Retrieved 2013-11-04. 
  3. ^ "Bed Sizes & Mattress Dimensions, King Queen Double & Single Bed Size". The-pillow.com.au. 2008-09-05. Retrieved 2013-11-04. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f UK National Bed Federation Guidelines: Standard Bed Sizes
  5. ^ "Bed Sizes". Bedpost. Retrieved 2014-04-26. 
  6. ^ "ベッドのサイズについて - 家具選び情報". Outlet-kagu.com. Retrieved 2013-11-04. 
  7. ^ US Mattress Research Center:Mattress Size Information. An example of a US site giving dimensions in inches, only.
  8. ^ Bed sizes, UK site. Typical UK bed site, giving dimensions in both cm and (parenthesised) Imperial.
  9. ^ http://light-oak.co.uk/blog/bed-size-guide/
  10. ^ "Bed Sizes". 2013. Retrieved 2013-03-03. 
  11. ^ a b "Mattress Sizes". MattressInsider.Com. Retrieved 2014-01-04. 
  12. ^ a b Douglas Belleville. "Putting a Conventional Mattress in a Waterbed". Stlbeds.com. Retrieved 2013-11-04. 
  13. ^ "Mattresses | Single, Double & Kingsize Mattresses at John Lewis". Johnlewis.com. Retrieved 2013-11-04. 
  14. ^ http://www.bedfed.org.uk/product-category/mattress-sizes/90-x-200cm/
  15. ^ http://www.factory-beds-direct.co.uk/mattress-sho/zip-and-links/extraking-zip-and-links/
  16. ^ a b c "Retailer of Large/Big Beds". The Big Bed Company. Retrieved 2013-11-04. 
  17. ^ http://thebedguide.com/mattresses/sizes/uk
  18. ^ "Ikea/ European Size Mattresses". OddSizeBeds.co.uk. Archived from the original on 20 July 2010. Retrieved 2010-08-10. 
  19. ^ a b "Contemporary Bed Sizes Explained - Contemporary Furniture & Modern Furniture". Gomodern.co.uk. Retrieved 2013-11-04. 
  20. ^ Par Grégoire. "Tailles de matelas : Matelas 140 x 190 ou 160 x 200 | Le Matelas". Lematelas.fr. Retrieved 2013-11-04. 
  21. ^ "Søkeresultater" (in Norwegian). IKEA. Retrieved 2013-11-04. 
  22. ^ "Senger - alle varianter - Skeidar". Skeidar.no. 2013-10-22. Retrieved 2013-11-04. 
  23. ^ "Søkeresultater" (in Norwegian). IKEA. Retrieved 2013-11-04. 
  24. ^ "Senge". BoConcept. Retrieved 2013-11-04. 
  25. ^ "Bäddmadrasser - Mio". Mio.se. Retrieved 2013-11-04. 
  26. ^ "Colchão de casal ou king size?". ColchaoNet.com. Retrieved 2013-11-04. 
  27. ^ http://www.sleepys.com.au/mattress-sizes
  28. ^ http://www.bedpost.co.nz/Bed-Sizes/
  29. ^ http://www.sealy.co.nz/store/sealy-brand/posturepremier-range#safety
  30. ^ https://www.bedsrus.co.nz/your-bed-and-you
  31. ^ "Beds | Mattresses |Kids Furniture | 0860 747 747". Bedsdirect.co.za. Retrieved 2013-11-04. 
  32. ^ "Bed Sizes In Asia | Singapore Expat Lifestyle Blog". Entersingapore.info. 2009-08-10. Retrieved 2013-11-04. 

External links[edit]