Beryozovskaya GRES

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Beryozovskaya GRES
Beryozovskaya GRES.jpg
Beryozovsk power plant behind administrative building
Beryozovskaya GRES is located in Russia
Beryozovskaya GRES
Location of Beryozovskaya GRES
Country Russia
Location Sharypovo, Krasnoyarsk Krai
Coordinates 55°34′46″N 89°04′21″E / 55.57944°N 89.07250°E / 55.57944; 89.07250Coordinates: 55°34′46″N 89°04′21″E / 55.57944°N 89.07250°E / 55.57944; 89.07250
Status Operational
Commission date 1988
Owner(s) OGK-4
Power generation
Primary fuel Coal
Units operational 2 x 800 MW
Make and model LMZ
Electrosila
Nameplate capacity 1,600 MW
Annual generation 8,000 GWh
Cogeneration? yes

Beryozovskaya GRES is a coal-fired power plant near the town of Sharypovo in Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia. The installed capacity of the plant is 1,600 MW.

Its flue gas stack is 370 metres (1,210 ft) tall and the tallest free-standing structure in Russia outside the Moscow area. It is also the fourth tallest chimney in the world.

General information[edit]

The primary role of the power plant is to provide extra electricity for the Russian power grid during winter, when electrical demand peaks. In other seasons the average load of Beryozovskaya GRES is below half of its capacity since the Central Siberian region uses several more efficient hydro power plants. The production cost for one kilowatt-hour by station is close to 0.01 USD, the annual production reaches values above 10,000 GWh in some years.[1]

The lignite used by the power plant belongs to Kansk-Achinsk basin with total reserves 600 bln t, one third of it is available for surface mining. The plant consumes coal-field with proved reserves 3,7 bln t, which is as close as 14 km away. The transportation of this fuel from pit to thermal station goes through transporter line, which is capable to transfer up to 40 mln t of coal annually.

The production grows last years and there is plans to develop station adding new generators. The power plant also performs centralized heat supply. For self-cooling purposes it uses reservoir, which holds back the river Beresh (Chulym basin), instead of applying a cooling towers.

History[edit]

According to original soviet project the final installed capacity of the power plant should be 6,400 GW with eight 800 MW generators. The construction of Beryozovskaya GRES began in 1970, its first two generators was commissioned in 1990. Mounting of the chimney was completed in 1985, its height is 370 m.

Present activities[edit]

As of 2010 year, the power plant is undergoing modernization program, which must improve efficiency and output of existing generators. According to plans of OGK-4, capacity of station will raise to 1,600 MW in 2011. Also construction of third unit with 800 MW continues and should be accomplished in 2014. Company develops network of pipelines in the region for centralized heat supply to localities around.

References[edit]

  1. ^ (Russian) ГОДОВОЙ ОТЧЕТ ОАО «ОГК-4» ЗА 2009 год, ОАО «ОГК-4», май 2010

External links[edit]