Biological systems engineering
Biological Systems Engineering or Biosystems Engineering is a broad-based engineering discipline with particular emphasis on biology and chemistry. It can be thought of as a subset of the broader notion of Biological Engineering, though not in the respects that pertain to Biomedical Engineering as biosystems engineering tends to focus less on medical applications than on agriculture, ecosystems, and food science. It involves aspects of genetic engineering, particularly regarding the agricultural applications. The discipline focuses broadly on environmentally sound and sustainable engineering solutions to meet societies’ ecologically-related needs. Biosystems engineering integrates the expertise of fundamental engineering fields with expertise from non-engineering disciplines.
 Background and Organization
Many college and university biological engineering departments have a history of being grounded in agricultural engineering and have only in the last decade or so changed their names to reflect the movement towards more diverse biological based engineering programs. This major is sometimes called Agricultural and Biological Engineering, Biological and Environmental Engineering, etc., in different universities.
Since biological engineering covers a wide spectrum, many departments now offer specialization options. Depending on the department and the specialization options offered within each program, curricula may overlap with other related fields. There are a number of different titles for BSE-related departments at various universities. The professional societies commonly associated with many Biological Engineering programs include the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers (ASABE) and the Institute of Biological Engineering (IBE), which generally encompasses BSE.
A biological systems engineer has a background in what both environmental engineers and biologists do, thus bridging the gap between engineering and the (non-medical) biological sciences. For this reason, biological systems engineers are becoming integral parts of many environmental engineering firms, federal agencies, and biotechnology industries.
- Land and water resources engineering
- Food and bioprocess engineering
- Machinery systems engineering
- Natural resources and environmental engineering
 See also
- For example the Department of Biological Systems Engineering at the Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University was established as Agricultural Engineering in 1920, and renamed in 1992 to reflect new focus areas in the teaching, research and extension programs.
- Website American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, 2007
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 Further reading
- 2003, Dennis R. Heldman (ed), Encyclopedia of agricultural, food, and biological engineering.
- 2002, Teruyuki Nagamune, Tai Hyun Park & Mark R. Marten (ed), Biological Systems Engineering, Washington, D.C. : American Chemical Society, 320 pages.