Bryggen

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UNESCO World Heritage Site
Bryggen
Name as inscribed on the World Heritage List
Bryggen in Bergen Built after 1702
Type Cultural
Criteria iii
Reference 59
UNESCO region Europe and North America
Inscription history
Inscription 1979 (3rd Session)

Bryggen (Norwegian for the quay) is an area that includes 61 "wooden buildings—East of Vågen in Bergen, Norway—with byggeplan and building types from pre-Hanseatic periods" and from the Hanseatic period.[1]

The city of Bergen was founded (before 1070[2]) within what later became the [original] boundaries of Bryggen, according to the Sagas, says encyclopedia Store Norske Leksikon.[1]

Bryggen has since 1979 been on the UNESCO list for World Cultural Heritage sites.

Today, Bryggen houses museums, shops, restaurants and pubs.

Etymology and a former commonly used name[edit]

The name has the same origin as the Flemish city of Brugge.

Tyskebryggen (the German Quay") was a commonly used name of the area, from 1857[1]–1945.

History[edit]

Bergen was established before 1070 AD.[2] [Later] "in the Middle Ages, Bryggen encompassed all buildings between the road Stretet (Øvregaten) and the ocean from Holmen in the North, to Vågsbunnen in the South".[1] Within this area, the city was founded, according to the Sagas, says encyclopedia Store Norske Leksikon.[1]

One of the earliest pier constructions has been dated to around 1100, says Store Norske Leksikon.[1]

Around 1360 an office of the Hanseatic League was established there. As the town developed into an important trading centre, the wharfs were improved. The buildings of Bryggen were gradually taken over by the Hanseatic merchants. The warehouses were filled with goods, particularly stockfish from northern Norway, and cereal from Europe.

In 1754, the operations of the office at Bryggen, ended "when all the properties were transferred to Norwegian citizens".[1]

Archaeological excavation resulting from the 1955 fire[edit]

Parts of Bryggen were destroyed in a fire in 1955. A thirteen-year archaeological excavation followed, revealed the day-to-day runic inscriptions known as the Bryggen inscriptions.[3]

Fires[edit]

Throughout history, Bergen has experienced many fires, since, traditionally, most houses were made from wood. This was also the case for Bryggen, and as of today, around a quarter dates back to the time after 1702, when the older wharfside warehouses and administrative buildings burned down. The rest predominantly consists of younger structures, although there are some stone cellars that date back to the 15th century.

The Bryggen museum was built (in 1976) on part of the site of the 1955 fire.

Buildings[edit]

Buildings at Bryggen include: Bellgården (a 300 year old building),[4] Svensgården, Enhjørningsgården, Bredsgården, Bugården,[5] Engelgården

"Only Schøtstuene and the buildings towards Julehuset [part of Holmedalsgården], are originals from 1702", according to guide Thomas De Ridder.[6]

Buildings no longer in existence[edit]

In 1702,the buildings belonging to the Hanseatic League were damaged by fire.[7] They were rebuilt, and some of these were later demolished, and some were destroyed by fire.[7]

Museums[edit]

Museums include Bryggens Museum and Hanseatic Museum and Schøtstuene.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Bryggen i Bergen
  2. ^ a b Bergen – historie
  3. ^ Aslak Liestol, 'The Runes of Bergen: Voices from the Middle Ages', Minnesota History, 40. 2 (1966), 49-58.
  4. ^ Setter sammen 300 år gammelt puslespill
  5. ^ Bryggen skal reise tilbake i tid
  6. ^ - Bryggen er mer enn bergensere flest ser [- Bryggen is more than most Bergensers can see]
  7. ^ a b Det tyske kontor [The German kontor]

Media[edit]

Panoramic view of Bryggen

Coordinates: 60°23′51″N 5°19′24″E / 60.39750°N 5.32333°E / 60.39750; 5.32333