|Name as inscribed on the World Heritage List|
|UNESCO region||Europe and North America|
|Inscription||1979 (3rd Session)|
Bryggen (Norwegian for the quay) is an area that includes 61 "wooden buildings—East of Vågen in Bergen, Norway—with byggeplan and building types from pre-Hanseatic periods" and from the Hanseatic period.
Today, Bryggen houses museums, shops, restaurants and pubs.
Etymology and a former commonly used name
Tyskebryggen (the German Quay") was a commonly used name of the area, from 1857–1945.
Bergen was established before 1070 AD. [Later] "in the Middle Ages, Bryggen encompassed all buildings between the road Stretet (Øvregaten) and the ocean from Holmen in the North, to Vågsbunnen in the South". Within this area, the city was founded, according to the Sagas, says encyclopedia Store Norske Leksikon.
One of the earliest pier constructions has been dated to around 1100, says Store Norske Leksikon.
Around 1360 an office of the Hanseatic League was established there. As the town developed into an important trading centre, the wharfs were improved. The buildings of Bryggen were gradually taken over by the Hanseatic merchants. The warehouses were filled with goods, particularly stockfish from northern Norway, and cereal from Europe.
In 1754, the operations of the office at Bryggen, ended "when all the properties were transferred to Norwegian citizens".
Archaeological excavation resulting from the 1955 fire
Throughout history, Bergen has experienced many fires, since, traditionally, most houses were made from wood. This was also the case for Bryggen, and as of today, around a quarter dates back to the time after 1702, when the older wharfside warehouses and administrative buildings burned down. The rest predominantly consists of younger structures, although there are some stone cellars that date back to the 15th century.
The Bryggen museum was built (in 1976) on part of the site of the 1955 fire.
Buildings no longer in existence
- Bryggen i Bergen
- Bergen – historie
- Aslak Liestol, 'The Runes of Bergen: Voices from the Middle Ages', Minnesota History, 40. 2 (1966), 49-58.
- Setter sammen 300 år gammelt puslespill
- Bryggen skal reise tilbake i tid
- - Bryggen er mer enn bergensere flest ser [- Bryggen is more than most Bergensers can see]
- Det tyske kontor [The German kontor]
Short video of a walk through Bryggen