Burhi Gandak River

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Coordinates: 25°26′02″N 86°36′25″E / 25.43389°N 86.60694°E / 25.43389; 86.60694
Burhi Gandak River
Country India
State Bihar
Source Chautarwa Chaur
 - location near Bisambharpur, West Champaran district
Mouth Ganges
 - location Khagaria
 - coordinates 25°26′02″N 86°36′25″E / 25.43389°N 86.60694°E / 25.43389; 86.60694
Length 320 km (199 mi)

The Burhi Gandak River (Nepali:बुडी गण्डकी खोला) is a tributary of the Ganges. It is known as Sikrahana in its upper reaches. The Burhi (“Old”) Gandak flows parallel to and east of the Gandak River in an old channel.[1][2]

Course[edit]

The Burhi Gandak originates from Chautarwa Chaur near Bisambharpur in the district of West Champaran in Bihar.[3]It initially flows through the East Champaran district. After flowing for a distance of about 56 kilometres (35 mi), the river takes a southerly turn where two rivers - the Dubhara and the Tour – join it. Thereafter, the river flows in a south-easterly direction through the Muzaffarpur district for about 32 kilometres (20 mi). In this portion, the river spills over its banks and a number of spill channels take off and rejoin it later.[1]

The Burhi Gandak runs a zig-zag course through the districts of Samastipur and Begusarai before covering a short distance in Khagaria district, running by the side of the town of Khagaria, and flows into the Ganges. It forms the western boundary of the Khagaria town and a protection embankment built along the eastern side of this river, protects Khagaria town from the floods of Burhi Gandak. [4][5][6]

The total length of the river is 320 kilometres (200 mi). The drainage area of the river is 10,150 square kilometres (3,920 sq mi).[1]

Tributaries[edit]

The main tributaries of the Burhi Gandak are - Masan, Balor, Pandai, Sikta, Tilawe, Tiur, Dhanauti, Kohra,Anjankote and Danda.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Hydrology and Water Resources of India By Sharad K. Jain, Pushpendra K. Agarwal, Vijay P. Singh". p. 358. Google books. Retrieved 2010-05-05. 
  2. ^ "Burhi Gandak". Britannica. Retrieved 2010-05-05. 
  3. ^ a b "RIVER BASIN". Flood Management Information System, Water Resource Department, Bihar. Retrieved 2010-05-05. 
  4. ^ "Samastipur district". District administration. Retrieved 2010-05-05. 
  5. ^ "Begusarai district". District administration. Retrieved 2010-05-05. 
  6. ^ "Khagaria district". River system. District administration. Retrieved 2010-05-05.