Canadian Gold Maple Leaf

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Reverse of a 100 kg Gold Canadian Maple Leaf bullion coin.

The Canadian Gold Maple Leaf is the official bullion gold coin of Canada, and is produced by the Royal Canadian Mint. It is one of the purest gold regular-issue coins produced with a gold content of .9999 millesimal fineness (24 carats), with some special issues .99999 fine. That is, it contains virtually no base metals at all—only gold, from mines in Canada.

The coin was introduced in 1979.[1][2] At the time the only bullion coin was the Krugerrand, which was not widely available because of the economic boycott of apartheid-era South Africa. Coins minted between 1979 and 1982 have a gold content of .999.

The coin is offered in 125 oz., 120 oz., 110 oz., 14 oz., 12 oz., and 1 oz. denominations and is guaranteed to contain the stated amount (in troy ounces) of .9999 fine gold (24- carat). The coins have legal tender status in Canada for their face values ($1, $5, $10, $20 and $50), subject to the Canadian Currency Act and the Royal Canadian Mint Act. Although categorized as "non-circulating bullion coins" in the Mint Act, these coins are still legal tender under the Currency Act.[3]

The 120 [14.15mm X .79mm], 110 [16.05mm X 1.14mm], 14 [19.75mm X 1.70mm], and 12 [25.12mm X 2.24mm] troy ounce coins are identical in design to the one-troy-ounce coin [30.00mm X 2.79mm], except for markings on the obverse and reverse sides indicating the weight and face value of the coin. In 1994, 115 oz. ($2.00 face value) gold and platinum coins were issued, possibly for use in jewellery. They were not very popular, and 1994 remains the only year in which 115 oz gold and platinum bullion coins were produced.

Starting in 1988 Maple Leaf coins have also been struck in .9995-fine platinum, having the same weights and face values as the gold coins. Since 1988, a one-ounce .9999-fine silver Maple Leaf has also been struck, with a face value of $5. In 2005, a .9995-fine palladium Maple Leaf 1 oz coin was introduced, with a face value of $50. This palladium coin is subject to the federal Goods and Services Tax in Canada.

On May 3, 2007, the Royal Canadian Mint unveiled a Gold Maple Leaf coin with a face value of $1 million,[4] though the gold content was worth over $2 million at the time. It measures 50 cm in diameter by 3 cm thick and has a mass of 100 kg, with a purity of 99.999%. The artist is Stanley Witten. The coin is mainly a promotional product, to give the mint a higher international profile.[4] The hundred-kilogram coin was conceived as a one-off showpiece to promote the mint's new line of 99.999-percent-pure one-ounce Gold Maple Leaf bullion coins,[4] but after several interested buyers came forward the mint announced it would manufacture them as ordered and sell them for between $2.5 and $3 million. As of May 3, 2007 there were five confirmed orders.[5]

All weights are in troy ounces.

Gold Maple Leaf[edit]

Years Denominations Purity Obverse
1979–1982 1 oz. .999 39-year-old Queen
November 1982 – 1985 1 oz., 14 oz., 110 oz. .9999
1986–1989 1 oz., 12 oz., 14 oz., 110 oz. .9999
1990–1992 1 oz., 12 oz., 14 oz., 110 oz. .9999 64-year-old Queen
1993 1 oz., 12 oz., 14 oz., 110 oz., 120 oz. .9999
1994 1 oz., 12 oz., 14 oz., 110 oz., 115 oz., 120 oz. .9999
1995–2004 1 oz., 12 oz., 14 oz., 110 oz., 120 oz. .9999
2005–present 1 oz., 12 oz., 14 oz., 110 oz., 120 oz. .9999 79-year-old Queen

For .99999 ("Five Nines") Pure Gold Maple Leafs, see Special issues below.

The .9999 1982 Gold Maple Leafs began minting in November.[citation needed] Thus, most of the 1982 Gold Maple Leafs are .999 fine.

Production problems[edit]

Some dealers have complained about the production quality of the Gold Maples.[6][7][8] The softness of 24 karat gold combined with the Gold Maples' milled edge, clear field around the Queen and the tube storage supplied, means that the coins easily show handling marks. This is a standard problem with pure gold.

Platinum Maple Leaf[edit]

Years Denominations Purity Obverse
1988–1989 1 oz., 12 oz., 14 oz., 110 oz. .9995 39-year-old Queen
1990–1992 1 oz., 12 oz., 14 oz., 110 oz. .9995 64-year-old Queen
1993 1 oz., 12 oz., 14 oz., 110 oz., 120 oz. .9995
1994 1 oz., 12 oz., 14 oz., 110 oz., 115 oz., 120 oz. .9995
1995–1999 1 oz., 12 oz., 14 oz., 110 oz., 120 oz. .9995
2002 1 oz., 12 oz., 14 oz., 110 oz., 120 oz. .9995
2009 1 oz. .9995 79-year-old Queen

No platinum Maple Leafs were minted between 2002 and 2009, when the 1 oz platinum Maple Leaf was reintroduced. Only 500 sets of hologram platinum Maple Leaf coins (including all five denominations) were minted in 2002.[9]

Silver Maple Leaf[edit]

Years Denominations Purity Obverse
1988–1989 1 oz .9999 39-year-old Queen
1990–2004 1 oz .9999 64-year-old Queen
2005–present 1 oz .9999 79-year-old Queen

2006–present limited 1/2 ozt silver rounds .9999

Palladium Maple Leaf[edit]

Available in a one-ounce format, the palladium coin presented an alternative to the Platinum Maple Leaf (which had been discontinued in 1999).

During the testing process for the palladium coin, coins were tested on two different palladium blanks. These blanks were known as lots "A" and "B". From these blanks, 290 test coins were struck. These coins were struck with a mint mark, attesting to their authenticity. All test coins struck from lot A were identified with an "A" mint mark, and all coins struck from lot B were given a "B" mint mark. These coins were available for purchase through a drawing held by the Royal Canadian Mint. Their face value was $50 each, and the issue price for both coins was $1,299.95.

Year Denomination Purity Obverse
2005–2007, 2009 1 oz .9995 palladium 79-year-old Queen

Bimetallic Maple Leaf[edit]

As a way of commemorating 25 years as an industry leader in bullion coins, the Royal Canadian Mint created a unique six-coin set.[citation needed] It was a new bimetallic maple leaf, set in bullion finish (a brilliant relief against a parallel lined background). The six-coin set was the first to include the 125 oz Maple Leaf denomination. Each coin included a double-date of 1979–2004, and the 1 oz coin featured a commemorative privy mark. All coins were packaged in a black leather presentation case with a black velour insert, along with a certificate of authenticity.[10]

Coin Specifications
Year Theme Face Value Size Composition Weight Diameter
Ring Core
2004 25th Anniversary, Gold Maple Leaf
$0.50 125 oz .9999 silver .9999 gold 1.270 16.00
$1.00 120 oz 1.581 18.03
$5.00 110 oz 3.136 20.00
$10.00 14 oz 7.802 25.00
$20.00 12 oz 15.589 30.00
$50.00 1 oz 31.650 36.07

Other Details

Year Theme Artist Mintage Issue Price Finish
2004 25th Anniversary, Gold Maple Leaf RCM Engravers 801 $2,495.95 Bullion

Special issues[edit]

99.999% Gold Maple Leaf[edit]

The gold Maple Leaf coin was .999 pure until 1982, when its purity was raised to .9999. Some coins are issued at a purity of .99999; this standard does not replace the Mint's .9999 Gold Maple Leaf coins, but is instead reserved for special editions.

Year Theme Artist Mintage Issue Price Special Notes Image
2007 Two Hundred Dollar Coin Stanley Witten 30,848 N/A 1 troy ounce coin; .99999 oz pure gold
2007 One Million Dollar Coin Stanley Witten 5 (As of May 3, 2007) N/A The coin has a mass of 100 kg (which is 3215 troy ounces)
2008 Two Hundred Dollar Coin 1,700 $1,394.64 Special Limited Edition First Strike
2008 Two Hundred Dollar Coin 27,476 N/A 1 troy ounce coin; .99999 oz pure gold
2009 Two Hundred Dollar Coin Stanley Witten 13,765 N/A 1 troy ounce coin; .99999 oz pure gold
2011 Two Hundred Dollar Coin 8,408 N/A Canadian Mountie Maple Leaf; 1 troy ounce coin; .99999 fine gold 1 oz or pur

Coloured Gold Maple Leaf[edit]

Year Theme Artist Mintage Issue Price Special Notes
1999 20th Anniversary of the GML Walter Ott, RCM Engravers 13,025 N/A These are the first coloured coins that the Royal Canadian Mint has ever produced [11]

Hologram Gold Maple Leaf[edit]

Year Theme Artist Mintage Issue Price Special Notes
1999 GML Hologram Set Walter Ott, RCM Engravers 500 $1,995.00 First Coins for RCM to feature a hologram
2001 GML Hologram Set Walter Ott, RCM Engravers 600 $1,995.00 N/A
2001 $10 GML Hologram Walter Ott, RCM Engravers 14,614 $195.00 14-oz

Olympic Maple Leaf[edit]

The Royal Canadian Mint and the International Olympic Committee have reached an agreement on Olympic Gold and Silver Maple Leaf coins. The announcement was made on August 3, 2007, and the agreement allows the RCM to strike bullion coins with the emblems of the 2010 winter Olympic and Paralympic Games.[12] The issue will consist of two coins – one Gold Maple Leaf coin and a Canadian Silver Maple Leaf coin; both coins feature the date of 2008. The new agreement means that the RCM is now selling Olympic coins through all of its major business lines – bullion, circulation and numismatics.[12]

Individual releases[edit]

Year Theme Artist Mintage Issue Price Special Notes
1989 10th Anniversary Coin Walter Ott 6,817 Bullion Value Packaged in a wooden box
1997 125th Anniversary of the RCMP Ago Aarand 12,913 US$310.00 Guaranteed value of US$310 until January 1, 2000
2004 25th Anniversary of Gold Maple Leaf Walter Ott 10,000 Bullion Value Introduced at ANA World’s Fair of Money in Pittsburgh
2007 Gold Maple Leaf Test Bullion Coin 99.999% Pure Stan Witten 500 $1,899.95 Available to collectors who enter draw-to-buy

Privy-marked GML[edit]

Year Privy Mark Denomination Size Mintage Special Notes
1997 Family Five Dollars 110 oz 100,730 Made for Dillon Gage
1998 Eagles Five Dollars 110-oz 51,440 Made for Dillon Gage
2000 Expo Hanover Ten Dollars 14-oz 1,000 N/A
2001 Basle Coin Fair Ten Dollars 14-oz 750 N/A
2001 Viking N/A 1 oz, 12-oz, 14-oz, 110-oz, 120-oz 850 Issued as a five coin set
2005 Liberation Ten Dollars 14 oz 1,000 Made for Royal Dutch Mint

Definition of finishes[edit]

Bullion
Brilliant relief against a parallel lined background.
Proof
Frosted relief against a mirror background
Specimen
Brilliant relief on a satin background.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]