Canadians of American origin

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
United States American Canadian Canada
Canadians of American origin
Canadiens d'origine américaine
Total population
372,575 (by ancestry, 2011 Census)
Regions with significant populations
OntarioWestern CanadaAtlantic CanadaQuebec
Canadian EnglishQuebec FrenchAmerican English
Protestantism · Anglicanism · Roman Catholicism · Atheism
Related ethnic groups

American Canadians are Canadian-born people of American descent and/or citizenship, or Americans who reside in Canada.


According to the Canada 2006 Census, 316,350 Canadians reported American as being their ethnicity, at least partially.[1] There are also between 900,000 and 2 million Americans living in Canada, either as full-time and part-time residents.

There has not been a reliable estimate of the total number of Americans from the United States who have settled in Canada since the founding of the two countries as the United States in 1776 and Canada in 1867. Prior to the independence of the United States and the formation of Canada, the settled areas of both countries consisted of British colonies.

History of Americans in Canada[edit]

Americans have moved to Canada throughout history. During the American Revolution, many Americans loyal to the British crown left the United States and settled in Canada. These early settlers are called United Empire Loyalists. Many Black Canadians are descendants of African American slaves (Black Loyalist) who fled to Canada during the American Revolution. Similar waves of American immigration occurred during the War of 1812. The Black Refugees in the War of 1812 also fled to Canada and many American slaves also came via the Underground Railroad, most settling in either Halifax, Nova Scotia or Southern Ontario.

In the early 20th century, Canada invited 500,000 to one million American settlers into the farming regions of Prairie Provinces such as Alberta, Manitoba and Saskatchewan. In the 1930s, after World War II, and again the 1970s, waves of Americans,  many from Texas and Oklahoma, immigrated to Canada to work in the country's growing oil industry.[citation needed] During the Vietnam War era, many American draft dodgers fled to Canada to avoid the war. About 10,200 Americans moved to Canada in 2006; this was the highest number since 1977.[2]

Notable American Canadians[edit]

For a list of notable American Canadians see Category:Canadian people of American descent. For notable American immigrants see Category:American emigrants to Canada.

See also[edit]