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Map of Ilocos Sur showing the location of Caoayan
Map of Ilocos Sur showing the location of Caoayan
Caoayan is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 17°32′N 120°24′E / 17.533°N 120.400°E / 17.533; 120.400Coordinates: 17°32′N 120°24′E / 17.533°N 120.400°E / 17.533; 120.400
Country Philippines
Region Ilocos (Region I)
Province Ilocos Sur
District 1st District
Founded 1825 and 1911
Barangays 17
 • Mayor Germelina S. Goulart
 • Total 17.42 km2 (6.73 sq mi)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 18,551
 • Density 1,100/km2 (2,800/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 2702
Dialing code 77
Income class 4th class

Caoayan is a fourth class municipality in the province of Ilocos Sur, Philippines. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 18,551 people.[3]


Caoayan is politically subdivided into 18 barangays.[2]

  • Anonang Mayor
  • Anonang Menor
  • Baggoc
  • Callaguip
  • Caparacadan
  • Fuerte
  • Luzong East
  • Manangat
  • Naguilian
  • Nansuagao
  • Pandan
  • Pantay-Quitiquit
  • Don Dimas Querubin (Pob.)
  • Puro
  • Pantay-Tamurong
  • Villamar
  • Don Alejandro Quirolgico (Pob.)
  • Don Lorenzo Querubin (Pob.)


During pre-Spanish times the port of Pandan was an important trading post for Chinese and inter-island vessels, and one of the commodities once traded there was bamboo. With the arrival of the Spaniards came the project to identify the names of places in the Philippines. Spaniards, patrolling the area for pirates known as tirong, came to a place near the island called Puro, and asked the name of the place. Thinking that the Spaniards wanted to know the name of the bamboo floating in rafts on the Baggoc River waiting to be traded, they answered "kawayan." The Spaniard then listed the place's name as Caoayan.

From that time on, the place's registered name was Caoayan, and has been registered as a barrio of the capital town Bigaan. It became a parish in 1825.

The first missionaries that founded Saint Paul College of Ilocos Sur landed in Pandan. A commemorative marker stands at Pandan Port to commemorate the event.

Caoayan, which was once a barrio of Ciudad Fernandina, now Vigan, became a municipality in 1911. Don Dimas Querubin was the town’s founder and got elected as the first municipal mayor. He was succeeded by his son, Don Asterio Q. Querubin I, who served for four (4) terms and became President of the Mayors' league of Ilocos Sur.


Population census of Caoayan
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 15,637 —    
1995 15,799 +0.19%
2000 17,199 +1.84%
2007 18,914 +1.32%
2010 18,551 −0.70%
Source: National Statistics Office[3][4]


Due to its geographical location, fishing has been the main source of livelihood of the inhabitants. Next is agriculture where farmers planted onions, tomatoes, rice and corn bound. The town is also known for its loom-weaving industry which dates back before Spanish regime.

Boat-sailing was one of the major industries of Caoayan but was eased out as means of transportation with the onset of modern highways especially those connecting the Ilocos provinces to Manila and the Cagayan Valley.

Notable people of Caoayan[edit]


  1. ^ "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 1 July 2013. Retrieved 23 September 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Province: ILOCOS SUR". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 23 September 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 23 September 2013. 
  4. ^ "Province of Ilocos Sur". Municipality Population Data. LWUA Research Division. Retrieved 23 September 2013. 

External links[edit]