Carroll v. Princess Anne

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Carroll v. Princess Anne
Seal of the United States Supreme Court.svg
Argued October 21, 1968
Decided November 19, 1968
Full case name Carroll v. Princess Anne
Citations 393 U.S. 175 (more)
Holding
A state cannot preemptively prohibit persons from holding a public meeting, without first notifying the persons involved, and providing the persons an opportunity to argue the decision.
Court membership
Case opinions
Majority Fortas, joined by unanimous
Laws applied
14th amendment, 1st amendment

Carroll v. Princess Anne, 393 U.S. 175 (1968), was a United States Supreme Court case in which the Court held that a state cannot preemptively prohibit persons from holding a public meeting, without first notifying the persons involved, and providing the persons an opportunity to argue the decision. The National States Rights Party won the case unanimously.

Background[edit]

A white supremacist group, the National States Rights Party, held a rally in Princess Anne, Maryland on August 6, 1966. They intended to hold another public meeting the following day, but local citizens persuaded a Circuit Court judge to issue a 10 day restraining order, prohibiting the group from holding any rally "which will tend to disturb and endanger the citizens of the County". The Party was not given any advance notice of the restraining order, nor given an opportunity to argue against it. The Circuit Court then issued a 10 month restraining order. The Maryland court of appeals overturned the 10 month order, but upheld the 10 day order. The Party appealed to the Supreme Court.

Opinion of the Court[edit]

The Supreme Court, in a unanimous decision, held that the 14th amendment's guarantee of due process required the state to provide the group with notice and a hearing before a restraining order could be issued. The 10 day restraining order was set aside.

Notes and references[edit]

External links[edit]

  • Text of Carroll v. Princess Anne - 393 U.S. 175 (1968) is available from:  Justia