Roberts v. United States Jaycees
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|Roberts v. United States Jaycees|
|Argued April 18, 1984
Decided July 3, 1984
|Full case name||Kathryn R. Roberts, Acting Commissioner, Minnesota Department of Human Rights, et al. v. United States Jaycees.|
|Citations||468 U.S. 609 (more)|
|Subsequent history||709 F.2d 1560, reversed and remanded|
|Upheld Minnesota's state antidiscrimination law, prohibiting a private organization from excluding a person from membership based on sex, because the state had a compelling interest in prohibiting discrimination which outweighed the First Amendment right of freedom of association.|
|Majority||Brennan, joined by White, Marshall, Powell, Stevens, joined in part by O'Connor|
|Concurrence||O'Connor (concurring in part)|
|U.S. Const. amend. I
U.S. Const. amend. XIV
Roberts v. United States Jaycees, 468 U.S. 609 (1984), was an opinion of the Supreme Court of the United States overturning the United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit's application of a Minnesota antidiscrimination law, which had permitted the United States Junior Chamber (Jaycees) to exclude women from full membership.
In an opinion authored by Justice Brennan, the Court held that: (1) application of the Minnesota Human Rights Act to compel the Jaycees to accept women as regular members did not abridge either male members' freedom of intimate association or their freedom of expressive association, and (2) the Act was not unconstitutionally vague and overbroad. Several features of the Jaycees, including its large size, unselective membership, and purpose, placed it outside the sphere of relationships protected by the First Amendment. The Court ruled that the State's compelling interest in combating gender discrimination justified the law's impact on the Jaycees' First Amendment rights.
- Freedom of association
- Gender equality
- List of gender equality lawsuits
- List of United States Supreme Court cases, volume 468
- 468 U.S. at 620-21.
- 468 U.S. at 626.
- 468 U.S. at 631.
- 468 U.S. at 611.
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