Cataula is located at 32°45'52.81" North, 84°54'4.68" West (32.640602, -84.9013). It is located along U.S. Route 27, which runs north to south through the city, leading south 15 mi (24 km) to Columbus and north 28 mi (45 km) to LaGrange. Georgia State Route 315 meets U.S. Route 27 in the city limits for a very short concurrency. Atlanta is 81 mi (130 km) by road to the northeast. Cataula sits at an elevation of 692 feet (221 meters) above sea level. Cataula is north of the fall line of Georgia.