Russell County, Alabama

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Russell County, Alabama
New Russell County Courthouse.JPG
County courthouse in Phenix City
Map of Alabama highlighting Russell County
Location in the state of Alabama
Map of the United States highlighting Alabama
Alabama's location in the U.S.
Founded December 18, 1832
Named for Gilbert C. Russell
Seat Phenix City
Largest city Phenix City
Area
 • Total 647.38 sq mi (1,677 km2)
 • Land 641.32 sq mi (1,661 km2)
 • Water 6.06 sq mi (16 km2), (0.94%)
Population (Est.)
 • (2012) 57,820
 • Density 82/sq mi (31.8/km²)
Congressional district 3rd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.rcala.com

Russell County is a county of the U.S. state of Alabama. Its name is in honor of Colonel Gilbert C. Russell, who fought in the wars against the Creek Indians. As of the 2010 census, the population was 52,947.[1] Its county seat is Phenix City.

Russell County is part of the Columbus, Georgia-Alabama Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Russell County was established by an act of the state general assembly on December 18, 1832, from lands ceded to the state by the Creek Indians. The county seat has changed several times: Girard (1833–1839), Crawford originally Crockettsville (1839–1868), Seale (1868–1935) and Phenix City (1935–present). It was named for War of 1812, Col. Gilbert Christian Russell, Sr., 1782–1861, 3rd U.S. Infantry.

Geography[edit]

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 647.38 square miles (1,676.7 km2), of which 641.32 square miles (1,661.0 km2) (or 99.06%) is land and 6.06 square miles (15.7 km2) (or 0.94%) is water.[2]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 13,513
1850 19,548 44.7%
1860 26,592 36.0%
1870 21,636 −18.6%
1880 24,837 14.8%
1890 24,093 −3.0%
1900 27,083 12.4%
1910 25,937 −4.2%
1920 27,448 5.8%
1930 27,377 −0.3%
1940 35,775 30.7%
1950 40,364 12.8%
1960 46,351 14.8%
1970 45,394 −2.1%
1980 47,356 4.3%
1990 46,860 −1.0%
2000 49,756 6.2%
2010 52,947 6.4%
Est. 2012 57,820 9.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[3]
2012 Estimate[4]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 52,947 people residing in the county. 53.7% were White, 41.8% Black or African American, 0.4% Asian, 0.4% Native American, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 1.3% of some other race and 2.1% of two or more races. 3.7% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).

As of the census of 2000, there were 49,756 people, 19,741 households, and 13,423 families residing in the county. The population density was 78 people per square mile (30/km2). There were 22,831 housing units, at an average density of 14/km2 (36/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was: 56.69% White, 40.84% Black or African American, 0.37% Native American, 0.36% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 0.59% from other races, and 1.07% from two or more races. Nearly 1.50% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 19,741 households, out of which 32.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them; 44.40% were married couples living together, 18.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.00% were non-families. 28.00% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49, and the average family size was 3.05.

In the county, the population was spread out with 26.50% under the age of 18, 9.10% from 18 to 24, 28.80% from 25 to 44, 22.40% from 45 to 64, and 13.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $27,492, and the median income for a family was $34,004. Males had a median income of $28,696 versus $20,882 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,015. About 16.80% of families and 19.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.50% of those under age 18 and 19.30% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns[edit]

Notable residents[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ United States Census Bureau. "2010 Census Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 12 May 2012. 
  2. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  3. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved June 30, 2013. 
  4. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved June 30, 2013. 
  5. ^ Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 1963. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 32°17′12″N 85°11′38″W / 32.28667°N 85.19389°W / 32.28667; -85.19389