Cave Johnson

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For the character in Portal 2, see Cave Johnson (Portal).
Cave Johnson
Cave Johnson.jpg
12th United States Postmaster General
In office
March 6, 1845[1] – March 4, 1849
Preceded by Charles A. Wickliffe
Succeeded by Jacob Collamer
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Tennessee's 9th district
In office
March 4, 1843 – March 3, 1845
Preceded by Harvey M. Watterson
Succeeded by Lucien B. Chase
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Tennessee's 11th district
In office
March 4, 1833 – March 3, 1837
Preceded by District created
Succeeded by Richard Cheatham
In office
March 4, 1839 – March 3, 1843
Preceded by Richard Cheatham
Succeeded by Milton Brown
Personal details
Born (1793-01-11)January 11, 1793
Robertson County, Tennessee, U.S.
Died November 23, 1866(1866-11-23) (aged 73)
Clarksville, Tennessee, U.S.
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Elizabeth Dortch Brunson
Alma mater Cumberland College[1]
Profession Politician

Cave Johnson (January 11, 1793 – November 23, 1866) was for fourteen years a Democratic U.S. Congressman from Tennessee. He acted as one of the campaign managers for presidential candidate James K. Polk at both the Democratic party convention and for the general election. After his victory Polk appointed him United States Postmaster General, a post in which he served from 1845–1849. He was born in Robertson County, Tennessee, and died in Clarksville, Tennessee.[1]

During his tenure at Postmaster General he shifted the postal service from a collect on delivery postage delivery system to a prepaid postal delivery system by introducing the postage stamp in 1847. He is also credited with introducing street corner mail boxes in urban areas. He later served as president of the Bank of Tennessee from 1854 to 1860.


  1. ^ a b c John, Pinheiro. "Cave Johnson (1845–1849): Postmaster General". American President: An Online Reference Resource. University of Virginia. Retrieved 15 December 2010. 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Charles A. Wickliffe
United States Postmaster General
Served under: James K. Polk

Succeeded by
Jacob Collamer
United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
John Hartwell Marable
Member from Tennessee's 8th congressional district
Succeeded by
David W. Dickinson
New district Member from Tennessee's 11th congressional district
Succeeded by
Richard Cheatham
Preceded by
Richard Cheatham
Member from Tennessee's 11th congressional district
Succeeded by
Milton Brown
Preceded by
Harvey Magee Watterson
Member from Tennessee's 9th congressional district
Succeeded by
Lucien Bonaparte Chase