Centro Financiero Confinanzas
|Centro Financiero Confinanzas|
The tower in 2004.
|Owner||Corpolago C. A.|
|Roof||190 m (620 ft)|
|Floor area||121.741 m² (1310.41 sq ft)|
|Design and construction|
|Architect||Enrique Gómez and Associates.|
|Developer||J. David Brillembourg.|
|Structural engineer||Brewer and Brewer Engineers S.C.|
Centro Financiero Confinanzas also known as Torre de David (the Tower of David), is an unfinished skyscraper in Caracas, the capital of Venezuela. It is the third highest skyscraper in the country after the twin towers of Parque Central Complex. The construction of the tower began in 1990 but was halted in 1994 due to the Venezuelan banking crisis. As of 2014, the building remains incomplete and is occupied by squatters.
This tower in downtown Caracas is nicknamed "Torre de David" after David Brillembourg, the tower's main investor who died in 1993. During the banking crisis of 1994, the government took control of the building and it has not been worked on since. The building lacks elevators, installed electricity, running water, balcony railing, windows and even walls in many places.
Venezuela's massive housing shortage led to occupation of the building by squatters in October 2007. Residents have improvised basic utility services, with water reaching all the way up to the 22nd floor. They can use motorcycles to travel up and down the first 10 floors, but must use the stairs for the remaining levels. The residents live up to the 28th floor, with many bodegas and even an unlicensed dentist also operating in the building. Some residents even have cars, parked inside of the building's parking garage. Seven hundred families comprising over 2,500 residents live in the tower today.
The complex has six buildings: El Atrio (Lobby and conference room), Torre A that is 190m tall and stands at 45-stories still includes a heliport, Torre B, Edificio K, Edificio Z, and 12 stories of parking.
In May 2014 the tower was featured in the BBC World News documentary, Our World.
- List of tallest buildings in South America
- Kowloon Walled City, A series of makeshift buildings populated in a similar manner
- Romero, Simon; María Eugenia Díaz (1 March 2011). "CARACAS JOURNAL; In Venezuela Housing Crisis, Squatters Find 45-Story Walkup". The New York Times. Retrieved 3 March 2011.
- Mead, Derek. "Inside Caracas' Tower of David, the World's Tallest Slum". Vice. Retrieved 25 January 2014.
- Grant, Will (18 December 2010). "Venezuelan squatters bank on the future in office tower". BBC Online. Retrieved 3 March 2011.
- Anywhere but Here: Deserted Banking Empire turned Skyscraper Slum | Messy Nessy Chic
- "The world’s tallest slum: Rare look at an illegal ghetto in the sky". Vocativ. 2013-08-01.
- "Homeland" Tower of David (TV Episode 2013) - IMDb
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Centro Financiero Confinanzas.|
- Torre David – a documentary film about Centro Financiero Confinanzas.
- Short documentary about residents of the Centro Financiero Confinanzas
- Squatters in Venezuela's 45-Story 'Tower of David', photo documentation.