List of tallest buildings in South America
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This list of the tallest buildings in South America ranks skyscrapers in order by height. South America has historically seen a relatively modest demand for skyscrapers. Most of the continent's high-rises are in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Uruguay, and Venezuela, and the tallest buildings are located in Santiago, São Paulo, Buenos Aires, Caracas, Montevideo, Rio de Janeiro, Valencia and Bogotá, all of which are the biggest financial centers of these countries.
Brazil, Argentina and Venezuela are the countries with the largest number of skyscrapers. Caracas is the South American city with largest number of Skyscrapers, historically Caracas has the tallest skyscraper since 1979, until 2012 was surpassed by the Gran Torre Santiago. The majority of the continent's tallest buildings are residential. Office buildings have not historically been built taller than residential buildings in the region, though this scenario may well change in the next decades, as South America has been experiencing substantial economic growth.
Ranking criteria and buildings
The first skyscrapers of at least 100 metres (330 ft) height in South America were built in the 1920s, and included the Martinelli Building in São Paulo, Palacio Barolo in Buenos Aires, and the Palacio Salvo in Montevideo.
Lists of high buildings are maintained by the nongovernmental US organization Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat. These lists, first defined and compiled in 1996, rank buildings in four categories: height of structural or architectural top; height of highest occupied floor; height to the top of roof; height to top of any part of the building. The Gran Torre Santiago, scheduled for completion in 2012, succeeded the two Parque Central Torres, in Caracas, as the tallest building in the continent; the latter had held the record since 1979 and 1984, respectively.
Many of the tallest buildings in South America are located in central business districts that emerged as early as the 19th century, or in office parks developed during the second half of the 20th century. Some of the most notable include Santa Fe (Bogotá); Catalinas Norte and the Buenos Aires Central Business District; Parque Central Complex (Caracas); along Avenida Rio Branco (Rio de Janeiro); the Nações Unidas Complex and the Central Zone of São Paulo; and Sanhattan and the Costanera Center (Santiago).
Tallest skyscrapers by architectural detail
- List of tallest buildings in the United States
- List of tallest buildings in Africa
- List of tallest buildings in Europe
- Emporis GmbH. "Centro Financiero Confinanzas, Caracas, Venezuela". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2010-07-29.
- Emporis GmbH. "Banco Mercantil, Caracas, Venezuela". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2010-07-29.
- Emporis GmbH. "Centro Financiero Provincial, Caracas, Venezuela". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2010-07-29.
- Emporis GmbH. "Torre Sindoni, Maracay, Venezuela". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2010-07-29.
- Emporis GmbH. "Edificio Citibank, Caracas, Venezuela". Emporis.com.
- Emporis GmbH. "Torre Movilnet, Caracas, Venezuela". Emporis.com.
- Emporis GmbH. "Torre CorpBanca, Caracas, Venezuela". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2010-07-29.