Changes (The Monkees album)

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Changes
Studio album by The Monkees
Released June 1970
Recorded October 28, 1966, January 21–24, February 4–6, 1967,
July 16 - September 12, 1969 and February 5 – April 2, 1970, New York City, and RCA Victor Studios, and The Sound Factory, Hollywood
Genre Pop rock,[1] Bubblegum Pop[2]
Length 39:32
Label Colgems (original US release)
RCA (Japan)
Rhino (1986 LP reissue + 1994 CD reissue)
Producer Micky Dolenz, Davy Jones, Tommy Boyce, Bobby Hart, Bill Chadwick, Jeff Barry
The Monkees chronology
The Monkees Present
(1969)
Changes
(1970)
Barrel Full of Monkees
(1971)
Singles from Changes
  1. "Oh My My" / "I Love You Better"
    Released: April 1970
Professional ratings
Review scores
Source Rating
Allmusic 3/5 stars [1]

Changes is the ninth studio album by The Monkees. The album was issued after Michael Nesmith's exit from the band, leaving only Micky Dolenz and Davy Jones to fulfill the recording contract they signed in the mid-1960s. Changes was their last new album for Colgems Records and the last album by the group until 1987's Pool It.

History[edit]

The album's title had originally been considered for the Monkees' movie (released in 1968), and a song with that title (cowritten by Jones with Steve Pitts) had been recorded. The movie was retitled Head, however, and the song was shelved, remaining unreleased until the 1990s.

Changes reunited Jones and Dolenz with producer Jeff Barry, who now had his own successful record label, Steed Records. As with the earliest Monkees recordings, Jones and Dolenz only provided their vocals, while the backing tracks were provided by session musicians. Barry plucked his own produced outtake of his composition "99 Pounds" from the final Don Kirshner-supervised Monkees sessions in January 1967 that also yielded the hit single "A Little Bit Me, A Little Bit You"; while "Midnight Train" was recorded during sessions for The Monkees Present and had been featured in CBS-TV reruns of the The Monkees television show (most notably in "The Chaperone"). "I Never Thought It Peculiar" was recorded during the sessions for More of the Monkees.

"Oh My My" became the first single from the album and made the Top 100 in the Billboard charts; written by Jeff Barry and Andy Kim, it is unrelated to the later 1973 Ringo Starr single of the same name. Besides being the opening track and lead-off single from the album, "Oh My My" was also accompanied by a rare promo film directed by Micky Dolenz, showing Micky and Davy Jones riding their motorcycles and horses. "Acapulco Sun" was released as a single in Mexico, becoming a minor hit there.

Changes appeared in June 1970 and initially failed to make the charts. Consequently, its initial pressing was limited (COS-119) and has become one of the more valuable Monkees albums. Jones announced shortly after its release that he was resuming his solo career (amidst an industry joke that either he or Dolenz would leave The Monkees and the remaining member would record the next album as "The Monkee"), but he and Dolenz would release one more single together before reuniting in 1976 with Monkees songwriters and producers Boyce and Hart. In the wake of the success of the Monkees' television show being rebroadcast on Saturday mornings by CBS (in which all but two tracks from Changes were featured in the reruns), the duo recorded "Do It In The Name Of Love" and "Lady Jane" in September 1970. Instead of appearing under the "Monkees" name on Colgems Records, however, the single was released on Bell Records, the successor label to Colgems, and credited to "Mickey Dolenz (sic) and Davy Jones". This was due to the prohibitive costs of licensing the Monkees name in the US; however, in several other countries, the record was issued under the name The Monkees.

Two tracks recorded during the sessions — "Ride Baby Ride," a complete mystery with no credits nor tapes available for review and "Which Way (Do You Want It)," a song which was replaced by "Midnight Train" — were left off the LP and are now lost outtakes. Another track, "Time and Time Again", was dropped in favor of "I Never Thought It Peculiar" but later surfaced on the Monkees rarities collection Missing Links and subsequently (in remixed form) as a bonus track on the 1995 CD release of Changes.

Another song, "Steam Engine," was recorded in 1969 for Changes and was written and produced by Chip Douglas, featuring Micky Dolenz on vocals. This song was not released at the time due to a disagreement between Screen Gems and Douglas over session costs and only saw the light of day via the Monkees' TV series episode "Monkees on Tour." In 1979, it was finally issued on the semi-official Australian compilation album Monkeemania - 40 Timeless Hits, and in 1982 it was issued in the USA on the Rhino Records picture disc Monkee Business.

Changes was reissued in December 1986 by Rhino Records (RNLP-70148), as were all of the original Monkees albums that year, and made a belated entry into the Billboard album charts, reaching #152. The Rhino vinyl reissue was mastered from a vinyl copy of the album, the master tape having been lost over the years. For the 1994 CD reissue on Rhino, a first-generation master tape was found at the Screen Gems publishing division, and used for the CD reissue.

Jones has stated that Changes is his least favorite Monkees effort, going so far as to comment in the CD version's liner notes: "That was Jeff Barry and Andy Kim doing an Andy Kim album," adding that he had terrible memories of the recording sessions. Dolenz, while not lavishing praise on Changes, said that he was pleased to be invited to record new material. "I was quite happy to do it as long as somebody wanted to record me. It was simple as that." Dolenz added "by that time, it was pretty obvious that The Monkees were over. Davy and I were still getting along, but we were mainly fulfilling a contractual obligation to a record company — that's what Changes is all about".[3]

Track listing[edit]

Original 1970 Colgems vinyl issue[edit]

Side 1
  1. "Oh My My" (Jeff Barry, Andy Kim) - 3:02
  2. "Ticket on a Ferry Ride" (Barry, Bobby Bloom) - 3:30
  3. "You're So Good to Me" (Barry, Bloom) - 2:34
  4. "It's Got to Be Love" (Neil Goldberg) - 2:25
  5. "Acapulco Sun" (Ned Albright, Steven Soles) - 2:54
  6. "99 Pounds" (Barry) - 2:29
Side 2
  1. "Tell Me Love" (Barry) - 2:38
  2. "Do You Feel It Too?" (Barry, Kim) - 2:37
  3. "I Love You Better" (Barry, Kim) - 2:28
  4. "All Alone in the Dark" (Albright, Soles) - 2:52
  5. "Midnight Train" (Micky Dolenz) - 2:07
  6. "I Never Thought It Peculiar" (Tommy Boyce, Bobby Hart) - 2:29

All tracks except "You're So Good to Me" and "It's Got to Be Love" were featured on the CBS reruns of The Monkees from 1970–1972.

1994 Rhino CD reissue[edit]

Tracks 1-12: Original album

  1. "Time and Time Again" (Davy Jones, Bill Chadwick) - 2:40
  2. "Do It in the Name of Love" (Bloom, Goldberg) - 2:08
  3. "Lady Jane" (Bloom, Goldberg) - 2:45

Session information[edit]

"Oh, My, My"

  • Written by Jeff Barry and Andy Kim
  • Lead vocal by Micky Dolenz
  • Other personnel unknown
  • Produced and Arranged by: Jeff Barry
  • Engineered by: Mike Moran
  • Recorded in New York City, February 5, 1970
  • Issued as Colgems Records 45 RPM single #5011, April, 1970, #98

"Ticket on a Ferry Ride"

  • Written by Jeff Barry and Bobby Bloom
  • Lead vocal by Micky Dolenz
  • Other personnel unknown
  • Produced and Arranged by: Jeff Barry
  • Engineered by Mike Moran
  • Recorded in New York City, March 25, 1970

"You're So Good to Me"

  • Written by Jeff Barry and Bobby Bloom
  • Lead vocal by Davy Jones
  • Other personnel unknown
  • Produced and Arranged by: Jeff Barry
  • Engineered by Mike Moran
  • Recorded in New York City, March 25, 1970
  • The song was written by Jeff Barry, Bobby Bloom and Robert Stone. However only Barry and Bloom, the primary composers receive writer's credit. It is possible that You're So Good to Me was adapted from the 1969 song You're So Good which was recorded during the sessions for The Monkees Present, and released on Missing Links Volume Three.

"It's Got to Be Love"

  • Written by Neil Goldberg
  • Lead vocal by Micky Dolenz
  • Other personnel unknown
  • Produced and Arranged by: Jeff Barry
  • Engineered by Mike Moran
  • Recorded in New York City, April 2, 1970

"Acapulco Sun"

  • Written by Ned Albright and Steven Soles
  • Lead vocal by Micky Dolenz
  • Other personnel unknown
  • Produced and Arranged by: Jeff Barry
  • Engineered by Mike Moran
  • Recorded in New York City, April 2, 1970

"99 Pounds"

  • Written by Jeff Barry
  • Lead vocal by Davy Jones
  • Backing vocals: Unknown
  • Guitars: Al Gorgoni, Don Thomas, and Hugh McCracken
  • Bass: Louis Mauro and James Tyrell
  • Drums: Herb Lovelle
  • Piano: Stan Free
  • Organ: Arthur Butler
  • Tambourine: Thomas Cerone
  • Produced and Arranged By: Jeff Barry
  • Engineered By: Ray Hall
  • Recorded at RCA Studio B, New York City, January 21 (11:00 A.M. - 7:00 P.M.) and 24, and February 4, 5 and 6, 1967
  • Recorded during the final Kirshner-supervised Monkees sessions for what would become known as Headquarters

"Tell Me Love"

  • Written by Jeff Barry
  • Lead vocal by Micky Dolenz
  • Other personnel unknown
  • Produced and Arranged by: Jeff Barry
  • Engineered by Mike Moran
  • Recorded in New York City, February 5, 1970

"Do You Feel It Too?"

  • Written by Jeff Barry and Andy Kim
  • Lead vocal by Davy Jones
  • Other personnel unknown
  • Produced and Arranged by: Jeff Barry
  • Engineered by Mike Moran
  • Recorded in New York City, March 26, 1970

"I Love You Better"

  • Written by Jeff Barry and Andy Kim
  • Lead vocal by Micky Dolenz
  • Other personnel unknown
  • Produced and Arranged by: Jeff Barry
  • Engineered by: Mike Moran
  • Recorded in New York City, February 5, 1970
  • Issued as Colgems Records 45 RPM single #5011, April, 1970, #98

"All Alone in the Dark"

  • Written by Ned Albright and Steven Soles
  • Lead vocals by Micky Dolenz, and Davy Jones
  • Other personnel unknown
  • Produced and Arranged by: Jeff Barry
  • Engineered by: Mike Moran
  • Recorded in New York City, March 26, 1970

"Midnight Train"

  • Written by Micky Dolenz
  • Lead vocal by Micky Dolenz
  • Backing vocals: Micky Dolenz, and Coco Dolenz (Micky's sister)
  • Electric Guitar: Louie Shelton
  • Bass: Joe Osborn
  • Banjo: James Burton
  • Drums: Hal Blaine
  • Harmonica: Tommy Morgan
  • Produced by Micky Dolenz
  • Recorded at RCA Victor Studios, Hollywood, CA, July 16, 1969
  • The song was written by Micky Dolenz, Chris McCarty, Kenny Lee Lewis and Steve Miller. However only Dolenz, the primary composer received writer's credit.
  • Recorded during the sessions for The Monkees Present

"I Never Thought It Peculiar"

  • Written by Tommy Boyce and Bobby Hart
  • Lead vocal by Davy Jones
  • Backing vocals: Tommy Boyce, Bobby Hart, and Ron Hicklin
  • Guitars: Wayne Erwin, Gerry McGee, and Louie Shelton
  • Acoustic Guitar: Tommy Boyce
  • Bass: Larry Taylor
  • Drums: Billy Lewis
  • Organ: Bobby Hart
  • Violins: Harold Ayres, John DeVoogdt, James Getzoff, Joy Lulu, and Norman Serkin
  • Violas: William Hymanson, and Gareth Nuttycombe
  • Cello: Frederick Seykora
  • Saxophone: Jay Migliori
  • Trumpet: Chuck Findley
  • French Horn: Alan Robinson
  • Trombone: Dick Hyde
  • Bell: Gene Estes
  • Unknown: Michael Anthony
  • Produced by Tommy Boyce, and Bobby Hart
  • Arranged by: Jimmie Haskell
  • Recorded at RCA Victor Studios, Hollywood, October 28, 1966, and The Sound Factory, Hollywood, September 12, 1969
  • Recorded during the sessions for More of the Monkees

Bonus Tracks Session Information[edit]

"Time and Time Again"

  • Written by Bill Chadwick, and Davy Jones
  • Lead vocal by Davy Jones
  • Backing vocals: Davy Jones, and Bill Chadwick
  • Electric Guitar: Louie Shelton, and Unknown
  • Bass: Joe Osborn
  • Drums: John Guerin
  • Moog Synthesizer: Paul Beaver
  • Calliope: Michel Rubini
  • Produced by Bill Chadwick and Davy Jones
  • Recorded at RCA Victor Sudios, Hollywood, CA, August 14, and November 11, 1969
  • Recorded during the sessions for The Monkees Present
  • Originally considered for, but rejected from Changes.
  • First released on Missing Links in 1988.
  • The version presented here is in a slightly different mix than on Missing Links. The opening and ending dialogues are removed, and the song fades out at the end, whereas the version on Missing Links does not fade.

"Do It in the Name of Love"

  • Written by Bobby Bloom and Neil Goldberg
  • Lead vocals by Micky Dolenz, and Davy Jones
  • Backing vocals: Micky Dolenz, Davy Jones, and Unknown
  • Guitar: Unknown
  • Drums: Unknown
  • Piano: Unknown
  • Keyboard: Unknown
  • Tambourine: Unknown
  • Produced and Arranged by: Jeff Barry
  • Recorded in New York City, September 22, 1970
  • Issued as Bell Records 45 RPM single #986, April, 1971

"Lady Jane"

  • Written by Bobby Bloom and Neil Goldberg
  • Lead vocals by Davy Jones, and Micky Dolenz
  • Backing vocals: Micky Dolenz, Davy Jones, and Unknown
  • Acoustic Guitar: Unknown
  • Drums: Unknown
  • Piano: Unknown
  • Keyboard: Unknown
  • Tambourine: Unknown
  • Produced and Arranged by: Jeff Barry
  • Recorded in New York City, September 22, 1970
  • Issued as Bell Records 45 RPM single #986, April, 1971

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b http://www.allmusic.com/album/r13305
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ Liner notes for 1995 Rhino CD release of Changes