Charles Rogier

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Charles Rogier
Charlesrogier.jpg
Prime Minister of Belgium
In office
12 August 1847 – 31 October 1852
Monarch Leopold I
Preceded by Barthélémy de Theux de Meylandt
Succeeded by Henri de Brouckère
In office
9 November 1857 – 3 January 1868
Monarch Leopold I
Leopold II
Preceded by Pierre de Decker
Succeeded by Walthère Frère-Orban
President of the Chamber of Representatives
In office
1 August 1878 – 13 November 1878
Preceded by Xavier Victor Thibaut
Succeeded by Jules Guillery
Personal details
Born (1800-08-17)17 August 1800
Saint-Quentin, France
Died 27 May 1885(1885-05-27) (aged 84)
Saint-Josse-ten-Noode, Belgium
Political party Liberal Party
Alma mater University of Liège

Charles Latour Rogier (17 August 1800–27 May 1885) was a Belgian liberal statesman and a leader in the Belgian Revolution of 1830. He became Prime Minister of Belgium on two separate occasions: from 1847 to 1852, and again from 1857 to 1868.

Career[edit]

Rogier descended from a family settled in the department of the Nord in France. He was born at Saint-Quentin. His father, an officer in the French army, perished in the Russian Campaign of 1812. The family then moved to the Belgian city of Liège, where the eldest son, Firmin, held a professorship. Rogier studied Law at the University of Liège (ULg) and was admitted to the Bar. However, he devoted himself with greater zeal to journalistic campaigns against the Dutch rule in Belgium, established by the Congress of Vienna in 1815. In 1824, in collaboration with his lifelong friends Paul Devaux and Joseph Lebeau, he founded the journal Mathieu Laensberg (afterwards Le Politique). With its ardent patriotism and its attacks on the Dutch administration, the journal soon achieved widespread influence.

On the outbreak of the insurrection at Brussels in August 1830, Rogier went there with a militia of about 300 citizens of Liège. In Brussels he gained recognition as one of the most active among the patriot leaders. He became a member of the provisional government established in October of the same year, and after the election of Leopold I as King in June 1831, he was made Governor of Antwerp. During his first stint as Interior Minister, from 1832 to 1834, he brought into existence the Belgian railway system. From 1840 to 1841 he was Minister of Public Works and Education, and from 1861 to 1868 he served as Minister for Foreign Affairs.

Today, one of central Brussels' landmarks, the Place Rogier / Rogierplein, commemorates his name.

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Political offices
New office Prime Minister of Belgium
Acting

1830–1831
Succeeded by
Etienne Constantin de Gerlache
Preceded by
Jean-François Tielemans
Governor of Antwerp
1831–1840
Succeeded by
Henri de Brouckère
Preceded by
Barthélémy de Theux de Meylandt
Prime Minister of Belgium
1847–1852
Preceded by
Pierre de Decker
Prime Minister of Belgium
1857–1868
Succeeded by
Walthère Frère-Orban
Preceded by
Xavier Victor Thibaut
President of the Chamber of Representatives
1878
Succeeded by
Jules Guillery