Chesapeake Beach, Maryland

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Chesapeake Beach, Maryland
Town
Town of Chesapeake Beach
Nickname(s): "Twin Beaches"
Location of Chesapeake Beach, Maryland
Location of Chesapeake Beach, Maryland
Coordinates: 38°41′42″N 76°32′10″W / 38.69500°N 76.53611°W / 38.69500; -76.53611Coordinates: 38°41′42″N 76°32′10″W / 38.69500°N 76.53611°W / 38.69500; -76.53611
Country  United States of America
State  Maryland
County Calvert
Government
 • Mayor Bruce Wahl
Area[1]
 • Total 2.79 sq mi (7.23 km2)
 • Land 2.71 sq mi (7.02 km2)
 • Water 0.08 sq mi (0.21 km2)
Elevation 49 ft (15 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 5,753
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 5,806
 • Density 2,122.9/sq mi (819.7/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 20732
Area code(s) 301
FIPS code 24-15925
GNIS feature ID 0589951
Map of old Chesapeake Beach Railroad from D.C. to Chesapeake Beach

Chesapeake Beach is a town in Calvert County, Maryland. Its major attractions include a Railway Museum & Trail, the Chesapeake Beach Water Park, marinas, piers, charter boat fishing, and a Veterans Memorial Park. The population was 5,753 at the 2010 census.

Geography[edit]

Chesapeake Beach is located at 38°41′42″N 76°32′10″W / 38.69500°N 76.53611°W / 38.69500; -76.53611 (38.695070, -76.536125).[4]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 2.79 square miles (7.23 km2), of which, 2.71 square miles (7.02 km2) is land and 0.08 square miles (0.21 km2) is water.[1]

The city has grown out from the intersection of Fishing Creek and the Chesapeake Bay. The creek has been dredged to allow pleasure craft, commercial fisherman and a few small US Navy vessels to dock in the city.

The southern end of the city remains heavily wooded and is distinguished by the large sandstone cliffs called the Randle Cliffs. These cliffs, and others along the Western Shore of the Chesapeake Bay, tower as high as 180 feet above the water and are constantly eroding due to freeze/thaw and wave action. The debris from these cliffs has formed a number of shallow sand bars which makes navigation by boat near the cliffs very difficult and the water very shallow for hundreds of yards into the Bay.

Demographics[edit]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 5,753 people, 2,134 households, and 1,520 families residing in the town. The population density was 2,122.9 inhabitants per square mile (819.7 /km2). There were 2,354 housing units at an average density of 868.6 per square mile (335.4 /km2). The racial makeup of the town was 84.8% White, 9.8% African American, 0.6% Native American, 1.4% Asian, 0.6% from other races, and 2.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.8% of the population.

There were 2,134 households of which 43.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.4% were married couples living together, 15.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 28.8% were non-families. 21.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.15.

The median age in the town was 36.2 years. 28.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 29.6% were from 25 to 44; 27.7% were from 45 to 64; and 7.1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 48.1% male and 51.9% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 3,180 people, 1,217 households, and 862 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,144.7 people per square mile (441.7/km²). There were 1,331 housing units at an average density of 479.1 per square mile (184.9/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 91.51% White, 5.28% African American, 0.35% Native American, 1.10% Asian, 0.38% from other races, and 1.38% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.42% of the population.

There were 1,217 households out of which 35.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.7% were married couples living together, 12.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.1% were non-families. 21.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.03.

In the town the population was spread out with 27.2% under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 34.4% from 25 to 44, 24.0% from 45 to 64, and 7.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 99.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.8 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $68,365, and the median income for a family was $74,167. Males had a median income of $43,125 versus $35,865 for females. The per capita income for the town was $29,616. About 1.6% of families and 3.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.8% of those under age 18 and 5.5% of those age 65 or over.

History[edit]

Chesapeake Beach was established as a resort community at the end of the Chesapeake Beach Railway, a short line railroad from Washington, DC. It was the site of many slot machines in the early twentieth century (despite efforts to prohibit them)[6] as part of the "Little Nevada" area of southern Maryland. Between steamer ships from Baltimore and trains from Washington, the weekend population of Chesapeake Beach reached into the 10,000s during the 1920s, until economic depression, and a bad hotel fire, brought an end to the railroad. The construction of the Bay Bridge to the Eastern Shore of Maryland in the 1950s enabled many of the visitors who used to spend their summers in Chesapeake Beach to now spend their time in Ocean City, Maryland instead.[citation needed] A museum at the old railroad station still exists today in Chesapeake Beach with many historic photos and an old passenger car from the railroad. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1980. In the new millennium a boardwalk and pier, and a new condominium development have risen in Chesapeake Beach. There is also a recreational water park with water slides, a newly opened resort spa hotel, and a seafood restaurant right on the bay. The Herrington Harbour (Rose Haven) marina resort, which was voted by Marina Dock Age magazine as the best marina in the United States, is a few miles north.[citation needed]

Chesapeake Beach is also host to the United States Naval Research Laboratory Chesapeake Bay Detachment that experiments with various military radar systems and fire suppression technology. Perched atop the sandstone cliffs along the Western Shore of the Chesapeake Bay the lab is able to use their radars against a variety of surface and air targets in the Bay. Nearby Naval Air Station Patuxent River has several aircraft that assist in the Research lab's mission.[7]

Hurricane Isabel struck Chesapeake Beach and the adjacent city of North Beach, Maryland in 2003. The storm surge pushed flood waters into both towns, damaging many homes beyond repair in North Beach, and knocking out electrical services for nearly one week.[citation needed]

Notable residents[edit]

Thomas V. Mike Miller, Jr., the current president of the Maryland Senate (as of April 2008), lives in Chesapeake Beach.

Bruce C. Gabrielson, PhD., Noted researcher in the field of Computer Security, Surfing Legend, Wrestling Hall of Fame member, Author, and Surfing Museum Director.

Tom Clancy, author.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-25. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-25. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-26. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ Chesapeake Beach Hotel Co. v. Hall, 121 Md. 643; 89 A. 445 (1913).
  7. ^ http://www.nrl.navy.mil/field-sites/vxs-1/

Brett Cecil, Current starting pitcher for the Toronto Blue Jays

External links[edit]