Lismore, County Waterford

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Lismore
Lios Mór
Town
Lismore Castle
Lismore Castle
Official seal of Lismore
Seal
Lismore is located in Ireland
Lismore
Lismore
Location in Ireland
Coordinates: 52°08′12″N 7°55′51″W / 52.1367°N 7.9308°W / 52.1367; -7.9308Coordinates: 52°08′12″N 7°55′51″W / 52.1367°N 7.9308°W / 52.1367; -7.9308
Country Ireland
Province Munster
County Waterford
Elevation 86 m (282 ft)
Population (2006)
 • Urban 790
 • Rural 450
Time zone WET (UTC+0)
 • Summer (DST) IST (WEST) (UTC-1)
Irish Grid Reference X045984

Lismore (Irish: Lios Mór, meaning "great ringfort") is an historic town in County Waterford, in the province of Munster, Ireland.

Location[edit]

Located where the N72 road crosses the River Blackwater, at the foot of the Knockmealdown Mountains (Irish: Sléibhte Chnoc Mhaoldomhnaigh), the mountain range bordering the counties of Tipperary and Waterford.

History[edit]

Founded by Saint Mochuda (Irish: Mo Chutu mac Fínaill), died 637, also known as Saint Carthage (Carthach or Carthach the Younger; Latinised: Carthagus, Anglicised: Carthage), first abbot of Lismore (Irish: Les Mór Mo Chutu). The town is renowned for its early ecclesiastical history and the scholarship of Lismore Abbey.

The imposing Lismore Castle, situated on the site of the old monastery since medieval times, lies on a steep hill overlooking the town and the Blackwater valley. It can trace an eight hundred year-old history linking the varied historic relations between England and Ireland. Originally built following the arrival of Henry II's son, Prince John, in the twelfth century, the castle was a bishop's palace up to the sixteenth century. Subsequently owned by Sir Walter Raleigh until his demise, it was sold to Richard Boyle, controversial First Earl of Cork, described by historian R. F. Foster, in his Modern Ireland, as an "epitome of Elizabethan adventurer-colonist in Ireland". In 1627 the castle was the birthplace of the First Earl's most famous son, Robert Boyle (of Boyle's Law), known as the "Father of Modern Chemistry". Boyle was chased off his lands in Ireland during the Irish Rebellion of 1641, following which his sons recovered the family estates after suppression of the rebellion. The castle remained in the possession of the Boyle family until it passed to the English Dukes of Devonshire in 1753 when the daughter of the 4th Earl of Cork, Lady Charlotte Boyle, married William Cavendish, 4th Duke of Devonshire, a future Prime Minister of Great Britain and Ireland.

The Book of Lismore (original name: Leabhar Mhic Cárthaigh Riabhaigh meaning The Book of Mac Cárthaigh Riabhach), a compilation of medieval Irish manuscripts mainly relating the lives of Irish saints, notably St Brigid, St Patrick, and St Columba, also contains Acallam na Senórach, a most important Middle Irish narrative dating to the 12th century, pertaining to the Fenian Cycle. The Book of Lismore and the Lismore Crozier (an enclosure for an episcopal staff, believed to be the venerable oaken staff of the founder of the abbey), were discovered together in 1814 behind a blocked-up doorway in Lismore Castle. Today the castle continues in the private ownership of the Dukes of Devonshire who open the gardens and parts of the grounds for public access via a changing programme of local arts and education events. The Book of Lismore is on display at Chatsworth House in Derbyshire, England and the Lismore Crozier is in the National Museum of Ireland in Dublin.

The medieval Lismore Cathedral, dedicated to St Carthage, variously damaged and repaired over the centuries, is notable for its architecture and the stained glass window by the English pre Raphaelite artist, Edward Burne-Jones.

A plaque has been erected in the town to commemorate the regular visits made to Lismore by Fred Astaire following an association developed by his sister, Adele Astaire, who was married to Lord Charles Arthur Francis Cavendish, son of Victor Cavendish, 9th Duke of Devonshire. A notable resident born in the town who has described her early life in Lismore, is the internationally renowned travel writer and world touring cyclist, Dervla Murphy.

Annalistic references[edit]

See Annals of Inisfallen.

  • AI701.1 Kl. Repose of Cúánna of Les Mór.
  • AI707.1 Kl. Conodur of Les Mór rested.
  • AI730.1 Kl. Repose of Colmán grandson of Lítán, abbot of Les Mór.
  • AI752.3 Repose of Mac Uige, abbot of Les Mór.
  • AI760.1 Kl. Tríchmech, abbot of Les Mór, rested, and Abnér, abbot of Imlech Ibuir.
  • AI763.1 Kl. Repose of Rónán, bishop of Les Mór.
  • AI768.1 Kl. Aedan, abbot of Les Mór, rested.
  • AI774.2 Suairlech, abbot of Les Mór, [rested].
  • AI778.2 Repose of Airdmesach of Les Mór.
  • AI783.3 Repose of Suairlech Ua Tipraiti in Les Mór.
  • AI794.4 Violation(?) of the Rule of Les Mór in the reign of Aedán Derg.
  • AI814.1 Kl. Repose of Aedán moccu Raichlich, abbot of Les Mór.
  • AI814.2 The abbacy of Les Mór to Flann, son of Fairchellach.
  • AI818.2 The shrine of Mochta of Lugmad in flight before Aed,son of Niall, and it came to Les Mór.
  • AI825.1 Kl. Repose of Flann son of Fairchellach, abbot of Les Mór, Imlech Ibuir, and Corcach.
  • AI833.1 Kl. Les Mór Mo-Chutu and Cell Mo-Laise plundered by the heathens.
  • AI867.1 Kl. Amlaíb committed treachery against Les Mór, and Martan was liberated from him.
  • AI883.1 Kl. The burning of Les Mór by the son of lmar.
  • AI912.1 Kl. Repose of Mael Brigte son of Mael Domnaig, abbot of Les Mór.
  • AI920.1 Kl. The martyrdom of Cormac son of Cuilennán, bishop and vice-abbot of Les Mór, abbot of Cell Mo-Laise,king of the Déisi, and chief counsellor of Mumu, at the hands of the Uí Fhothaid Aiched.
  • AI938.1 Kl. Repose of Ciarán son of Ciarmacán, abbot of Les Mór Mo-Chutu.
  • AI947.1 Kl. A leaf [descended] from heaven upon the altar of Imlech Ibuir, and a bird spoke to the people; and many other marvels this year; and Blácair, king of the foreigners, was killed.
  • AI953.2 Repose of Diarmait, abbot of Les Mór.
  • AI954.3 Diarmait son of Torpaid, abbot of Les Mór, [rested].
  • AI958.3 Repose of Cinaed Ua Con Minn, bishop of Les Mór and Inis Cathaig.
  • AI959.2 Repose of Maenach son of Cormac, abbot of Les Mór.
  • AI983.3 Repose of Cormac son of Mael Ciarain, abbot of Les Mór.
  • AI1024.3 Repose of Ua Maíl Shluaig, coarb of Mo-Chutu.

Gallery[edit]

People[edit]

The following people were born in Lismore.

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Lismore is twinned with the city of Lismore, New South Wales, in Australia.

Coach/bus transport[edit]

Deise Link provide bus services to/from Lismore.[2] Bus Éireann route 366 links Lismore to Dungarvan and Waterford. The route only operates on Sundays and comprises a single journey in one direction (no return service on any day of the week).[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ and Histpop.org, Figures post 1961 are for Lismore and environs. For a discussion on the accuracy of pre-famine census returns see JJ Lee “On the accuracy of the pre-famine Irish censuses” in Irish Population, Economy and Society edited by JM Goldstrom and LA Clarkson (1981) p54, and also “New Developments in Irish Population History, 1700-1850” by Joel Mokyr and Cormac Ó Gráda in The Economic History Review, New Series, Vol. 37, No. 4 (Nov., 1984), pp. 473-488.
  2. ^ http://www.deiselink.ie/routes.shtml
  3. ^ http://buseireann.ie/pdf/1264774912-366.pdf

External links[edit]